As a response to rapid climate change, Nature-based solutions (NbS) are highlighted in the international community, and Agroforestry can be one of the NbS. Agroforestry is the planned integration of crops and/or livestock on a land management unit with woody vegetation, such as trees and bushes, either simultaneously or sequentially for making social, economic, and environmental benefits. Many studies have shown that agroforestry is being conducted in Indonesia and India, which have the second and third-largest forest areas in Asia. In addition, it is proved that agroforestry can absorb and accumulate large amounts of carbon. Furthermore, several studies have already shown that agroforestry not only reduces greenhouse gases but also improves lives in various ways for farmers and residents as part of climate change adaptation. However, it is not included in the national greenhouse gas reduction targets, and the system is not being implemented properly. Therefore, this paper first briefly explains the concept of agroforestry, which is unfamiliar to people, and then explains ways to include agroforestry in the NDC and effectively implement it based on the Paris Agreement signed at COP21. If agroforestry is implemented well as a national target in each country, it will not only help mitigate climate change through high carbon absorption but also contribute significantly to adaptation through the co-benefits of promoting food security through stable incomes of farmers and increasing the resilience of nature.