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Rationality : what it is, why it seems scarce, why it matters / First edition

Rationality : what it is, why it seems scarce, why it matters / First edition (1회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Pinker, Steven, 1954- author.
서명 / 저자사항
Rationality : what it is, why it seems scarce, why it matters / Steven Pinker.
판사항
First edition.
발행사항
New York :   Viking,   2021.  
형태사항
xvii, 412 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
9780525561996 (hardcover) 9780525562009 (ebook)
요약
"Can reading a book make you more rational? Can it explain why there seems to be so much irrationality in the world, including, let's be honest, in each of us? These are the goals of Steven Pinker's follow-up to Enlightenment Now (Bill Gates's "new favorite book of all time"). Humans today are often portrayed as cavemen out of time, poised to react to a lion in the grass with a suite of biases, blind spots, fallacies, and illusions. But this, Pinker a cognitive scientist and rational optimist argues, cannot be the whole picture. Hunter-gatherers--our ancestors and contemporaries--are not nervous rabbits but cerebral problem-solvers. A list of the ways in which we are stupid cannot explain how we're so smart: how we discovered the laws of nature, transformed the planet, and lengthened and enriched our lives. Indeed, if humans were fundamentally irrational, how did they discover the benchmarks for rationality against which humans fall short? The topic could not be more timely. In the 21st century, humanity is reaching new heights of scientific understanding--and at the same time appears to be losing its mind. How can a species that sequenced the genome and detected the Big Bang produce so much fake news, quack cures, conspiracy theories, and "post-truth" rhetoric? A big part of Rationality is to explain these tools--to inspire an intuitive understanding of the benchmarks of rationality, so you can understand the basics of logic, critical thinking, probability, correlation and causation, the optimal ways to adjust our beliefs and commit to decisions with uncertain evidence, and the yardsticks for making rational choices alone and with others. Rationality matters. As the world reels from foolish choices made in the past and dreads a future that may be shaped by senseless choices in the present, rationality may be the most important asset that citizens and influencers command. Steven Pinker, the great defender of human progress, having documented how the world is not falling apart, now shows how we can enhance rationality in our lives and in the public sphere. Rationality is the perfect toolkit to seize our own fates"--
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references (p. [361]-388) and indexes.
일반주제명
Critical thinking. Practical reason. Choice (Psychology).
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100 1 ▼a Pinker, Steven, ▼d 1954- ▼e author.
245 1 0 ▼a Rationality : ▼b what it is, why it seems scarce, why it matters / ▼c Steven Pinker.
250 ▼a First edition.
260 ▼a New York : ▼b Viking, ▼c 2021.
264 1 ▼a New York : ▼b Viking, ▼c [2021]
300 ▼a xvii, 412 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 24 cm.
336 ▼a text ▼b txt ▼2 rdacontent
337 ▼a unmediated ▼b n ▼2 rdamedia
338 ▼a volume ▼b nc ▼2 rdacarrier
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. [361]-388) and indexes.
520 ▼a "Can reading a book make you more rational? Can it explain why there seems to be so much irrationality in the world, including, let's be honest, in each of us? These are the goals of Steven Pinker's follow-up to Enlightenment Now (Bill Gates's "new favorite book of all time"). Humans today are often portrayed as cavemen out of time, poised to react to a lion in the grass with a suite of biases, blind spots, fallacies, and illusions. But this, Pinker a cognitive scientist and rational optimist argues, cannot be the whole picture. Hunter-gatherers--our ancestors and contemporaries--are not nervous rabbits but cerebral problem-solvers. A list of the ways in which we are stupid cannot explain how we're so smart: how we discovered the laws of nature, transformed the planet, and lengthened and enriched our lives. Indeed, if humans were fundamentally irrational, how did they discover the benchmarks for rationality against which humans fall short? The topic could not be more timely. In the 21st century, humanity is reaching new heights of scientific understanding--and at the same time appears to be losing its mind. How can a species that sequenced the genome and detected the Big Bang produce so much fake news, quack cures, conspiracy theories, and "post-truth" rhetoric? A big part of Rationality is to explain these tools--to inspire an intuitive understanding of the benchmarks of rationality, so you can understand the basics of logic, critical thinking, probability, correlation and causation, the optimal ways to adjust our beliefs and commit to decisions with uncertain evidence, and the yardsticks for making rational choices alone and with others. Rationality matters. As the world reels from foolish choices made in the past and dreads a future that may be shaped by senseless choices in the present, rationality may be the most important asset that citizens and influencers command. Steven Pinker, the great defender of human progress, having documented how the world is not falling apart, now shows how we can enhance rationality in our lives and in the public sphere. Rationality is the perfect toolkit to seize our own fates"-- ▼c Provided by publisher.
650 0 ▼a Critical thinking.
650 0 ▼a Practical reason.
650 0 ▼a Choice (Psychology).
945 ▼a KLPA

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 153.42 P655r 등록번호 111858225 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

저자소개

스티븐 핑커(지은이)

1954년 캐나다 몬트리올의 영어권 유대인 집안에서 태어났다. 맥길 대학교에서 심리학을 전공하고, 1976년 미국으로 건너가 1979년 하버드 대학교에서 실험 심리학으로 박사 학위를 받았다. MIT에서 박사 후 과정을 밟은 후에는 하버드 대학교와 스탠퍼드 대학교에서 조교수를 지냈으며, 1982년부터 2003년까지 MIT 교수를 거쳐 2003년부터 지금까지 하버드 대학교 교수로 재직하고 있다. 인간의 마음과 언어, 본성과 관련한 심도 깊은 연구와 대중 저술 활동으로 전 세계에서 가장 영향력 있는 심리학자이자 인지 과학자로 꼽히고 있다. 주요 연구 주제인 시각 인지와 언어 심리학 연구로 미국 심리학 협회(1984, 1986년), 미국 국립 과학 학술원(1993년)과 영국 왕립 연구소(2004년), 인지 뇌 과학 협회(2010년), 국제 신경 정신병 학회(2013년) 등이 주는 상을 받았으며, ‘올해의 인문주의자’, 《프로스펙트 매거진》 ‘세계 100대 사상가’, 《타임》 ‘세계에서 가장 영향력 있는 100인’, 《포린폴리시》 ‘세계 100대 지식인’에 선정되었다. 일반 대중을 위해 펴낸 6권의 책들은 모두 베스트셀러가 되었다. 핑커는 자신의 대중적 저술 기획을 크게 언어 3부작과 마음 3부작이라고 소개한 바 있는데, ‘언어는 생물학적 적응’이라는 아이디어에 기반해 언어의 모든 측면을 개괄한 첫 번째 저서 『언어 본능』(1994년)이 언어 3부작의 첫 번째 책이라면, 상상과 추론에서 감성과 유머와 재능까지 마음의 (언어 이외의) 다른 영역에서 나타나는 논리 구조를 분석한 『마음은 어떻게 작동하는가』(1997년)가 마음 3부작의 첫 책이다. 그리고 특수한 현상 하나를 선택, 상상할 수 있는 모든 각도에서 조사함으로써 언어와 마음의 본질을 조명한 『단어와 규칙』(1999년)(언어 3부작의 두 번째), 인간 본성에 관한 아이디어와 그것의 도덕적, 감정적, 정치적 색채를 탐구한 『빈 서판』(2002년)(마음 3부작의 두 번째)에 이어, 단어로 우리 생각과 우리를 둘러싼 세계를 들여다본 『생각거리』(2006년)로 언어 3부작과 마음 3부작을 동시에 마무리했다. 《로스앤젤레스 타임스》 과학 도서상과 엘리너 매코비 도서상, 윌리엄 제임스 도서상을 받았으며, 『마음은 어떻게 작동하는가』와 『빈 서판』으로 퓰리처상 일반 논픽션 부문 최종 후보에까지 올랐다.

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