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Do morals matter? : presidents and foreign policy from FDR to Trump

Do morals matter? : presidents and foreign policy from FDR to Trump (2회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Nye, Joseph S.
서명 / 저자사항
Do morals matter? : presidents and foreign policy from FDR to Trump / Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
발행사항
New York, NY :   Oxford University Press,   c2020.  
형태사항
xiv, 254 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
9780190935962 (hardback)
요약
" Americans constantly make moral statements about presidents and foreign policy. Unfortunately, many of these judgments are poorly thought through. A president is either praised for the moral clarity of his statements or judged solely on the results of their actions. Woodrow Wilson showed, however, that good intentions without adequate means can lead to ethically bad consequences. Richard Nixon, on the other hand, is credited with ending the Vietnam War, but he sacrificed 21,000 American lives and countless others for only a brief "decent interval." In Do Morals Matter?, Joseph S. Nye, Jr., one of the world's leading scholars of international relations, provides a concise yet penetrating analysis of the role of ethics in US foreign policy during the American era after 1945. Nye works through each presidency from Truman to Trump and scores their foreign policy on three ethical dimensions of their intentions, the means they used, and the consequences of their decisions. Alongside this, he also evaluates their leadership qualities, elaborating on which approaches work and which ones do not. Regardless of a president's policy preference, Nye shows that each one was not constrained by the structure of the system and actually had choices. He further notes the important ethical consequences of non-actions, such as Truman's willingness to accept stalemate in Korea rather than use nuclear weapons. Since we so often apply moral reasoning to foreign policy, Nye suggests how to do it better. Most importantly, presidents need to factor in both the political context and the availability of resources when deciding how to implement an ethical policy--especially in a future international system that presents not only great power competition from China and Russia, but transnational threats as borders become porous to everything from drugs to infectious diseases to terrorism to cyber criminals and climate change. "--
내용주기
Machine generated contents note: -- Chapter 1: American Foreign Policy Ethical Traditions -- Chapter 2: What is a Moral Foreign Policy? -- Chapter 3: The Founders -- Chapter 4: The Vietnam Era -- Chapter 5: Post Vietnam -- Chapter 7: The Unipolar Moment -- Chapter 8: The 21st Century Diffusion of Power -- Chapter 9: American Foreign Policy and the Future Order.
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references and index.
일반주제명
Presidents --Professional ethics --United States. Presidents --United States --Decision making.
주제명(지명)
United States --Foreign relations --1945-1989 --Moral and ethical aspects.
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020 ▼a 9780190935962 (hardback)
020 ▼z 9780190935979 (updf)
020 ▼z 9780190935986 (epub)
035 ▼a (KERIS)REF000019223278
040 ▼a DLC ▼b eng ▼c DLC ▼e rda ▼d DLC ▼d 211009
043 ▼a n-us---
050 0 0 ▼a E744 ▼b .N94 2020
082 0 0 ▼a 327.73009/04 ▼2 23
084 ▼a 327.7300904 ▼2 DDCK
090 ▼a 327.7300904 ▼b N994d
100 1 ▼a Nye, Joseph S.
245 1 0 ▼a Do morals matter? : ▼b presidents and foreign policy from FDR to Trump / ▼c Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
260 ▼a New York, NY : ▼b Oxford University Press, ▼c c2020.
300 ▼a xiv, 254 p. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and index.
505 8 ▼a Machine generated contents note: -- Chapter 1: American Foreign Policy Ethical Traditions -- Chapter 2: What is a Moral Foreign Policy? -- Chapter 3: The Founders -- Chapter 4: The Vietnam Era -- Chapter 5: Post Vietnam -- Chapter 7: The Unipolar Moment -- Chapter 8: The 21st Century Diffusion of Power -- Chapter 9: American Foreign Policy and the Future Order.
520 ▼a " Americans constantly make moral statements about presidents and foreign policy. Unfortunately, many of these judgments are poorly thought through. A president is either praised for the moral clarity of his statements or judged solely on the results of their actions. Woodrow Wilson showed, however, that good intentions without adequate means can lead to ethically bad consequences. Richard Nixon, on the other hand, is credited with ending the Vietnam War, but he sacrificed 21,000 American lives and countless others for only a brief "decent interval." In Do Morals Matter?, Joseph S. Nye, Jr., one of the world's leading scholars of international relations, provides a concise yet penetrating analysis of the role of ethics in US foreign policy during the American era after 1945. Nye works through each presidency from Truman to Trump and scores their foreign policy on three ethical dimensions of their intentions, the means they used, and the consequences of their decisions. Alongside this, he also evaluates their leadership qualities, elaborating on which approaches work and which ones do not. Regardless of a president's policy preference, Nye shows that each one was not constrained by the structure of the system and actually had choices. He further notes the important ethical consequences of non-actions, such as Truman's willingness to accept stalemate in Korea rather than use nuclear weapons. Since we so often apply moral reasoning to foreign policy, Nye suggests how to do it better. Most importantly, presidents need to factor in both the political context and the availability of resources when deciding how to implement an ethical policy--especially in a future international system that presents not only great power competition from China and Russia, but transnational threats as borders become porous to everything from drugs to infectious diseases to terrorism to cyber criminals and climate change. "-- ▼c Provided by publisher.
520 ▼a "At dinner with a group of friends, one asked what I had been doing lately. When I said I was writing a book on presidents, ethics and foreign policy, she quipped "it must be a short book." Another added more seriously, "I didn't think ethics played much of a role." That conventional wisdom marks not only dinner discussions, but political analyses as well. An Internet search shows surprisingly few books on how presidents' moral views affected their foreign policies and how that affects our judgments of them. As Michael Walzer (an important exception to the rule) described American graduate training after 1945, "moral argument was against the rules of the discipline as it was commonly practiced, although a few writers defended interest as the new morality." A survey of the top three American academic journals on international relations over fifteen years found only four articles on the subject. As one author noted, "leading scholars...do not dedicate serious attention to investigating the influence of moral values on the conduct of nations." It is not a career-enhancing topic for a young scholar, but has long intrigued me as an old practitioner and student of American foreign policy. The reasons for skepticism seem obvious to many. While historians have written about American exceptionalism and moralism, diplomats and theorists like George Kennan long warned about the bad consequences of the American moralist-legalist tradition. International relations is the realm of anarchy with no world government to provide order. States must provide for their own defense, and when survival is at stake, the ends justify the means. Where there is no meaningful choice there can be no ethics. As philosophers say, "ought implies can". No-one can fault you for not doing the impossible"-- ▼c Provided by publisher.
650 0 ▼a Presidents ▼x Professional ethics ▼z United States.
650 0 ▼a Presidents ▼z United States ▼x Decision making.
651 0 ▼a United States ▼x Foreign relations ▼y 1945-1989 ▼x Moral and ethical aspects.
651 0 ▼a United States ▼x Foreign relations ▼y 1989- ▼x Moral and ethical aspects.
945 ▼a KLPA

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 327.7300904 N994d 등록번호 111833590 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

저자소개

조지프 나이(지은이)

미국을 대표하는 국제정치학자. 하버드 대학교 케네디 행정대학원의 학장을 역임하였고, 현재는 해당 대학원의 석좌교수로 재임 중이다. 프린스턴 대학교를 수석으로 졸업한 뒤 로즈 장학생으로 옥스퍼드 대학교에서 석사, 하버드 대학교에서 박사학위를 받았다. 국무부 차관보, 국가정보위원회 의장, 국방부 차관을 지냈다. 30여 년간 역대 미국 대통령들의 멘토로서 평생 국제정치와 리더십을 연구해왔다. 국제정치는 물론 미래예측과 리더십 분야에까지 널리 활용되고 있는 ‘소프트 파워soft power'와 '하드 파워hard power' 이론을 통해 세계의 석학으로 집중 조명 받게 되었다. 대표 저서로는 『제국의 패러독스The paradox of American power』와 『소프트 파워Soft power』를 비롯하여, 자신이 다년간 직접 경험한 미 행정부를 무대로 파워이론을 풀어낸 정치 소설 『파워 게임 The power game』 등이 있다. 2021년 가을에는 세계적인 석학들의 목소리를 청취하는 대한민국 EBS <위대한 수업-그레이트 마인즈>의 첫 번째 강연자로 나와 ‘누가 리더인가?’라는 주제로 깊은 울림을 주었다는 평가를 받았다.

정보제공 : Aladin

목차

Chapter 1: American Foreign Policy Ethical Traditions
Chapter 2: What is a Moral Foreign Policy?
Chapter 3: The Founders
Chapter 4: The Vietnam Era
Chapter 5: Post Vietnam
Chapter 7: The Unipolar Moment
Chapter 8: The 21st Century Diffusion of Power
Chapter 9: American Foreign Policy and the Future Order

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