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Modification of treaties by subsequent practice

Modification of treaties by subsequent practice (4회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Buga, Irina.
서명 / 저자사항
Modification of treaties by subsequent practice / Irina Buga.
발행사항
Oxford, United Kingdom :   Oxford University Press,   c2018.  
형태사항
lvi, 417 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
9780198787822
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references and index.
일반주제명
Treaties --Revision.
000 00000nam u2200205 a 4500
001 000045951645
005 20180827103733
008 180824s2018 enk b 001 0 eng d
020 ▼a 9780198787822
040 ▼a 211009 ▼c 211009 ▼d 211009
082 0 4 ▼a 341.37 ▼2 23
084 ▼a 341.37 ▼2 DDCK
090 ▼a 341.37 ▼b B931m
100 1 ▼a Buga, Irina.
245 1 0 ▼a Modification of treaties by subsequent practice / ▼c Irina Buga.
260 ▼a Oxford, United Kingdom : ▼b Oxford University Press, ▼c c2018.
300 ▼a lvi, 417 p. ; ▼c 24 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and index.
650 0 ▼a Treaties ▼x Revision.
945 ▼a KLPA

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/법학도서실(법학도서관 지하1층)/ 청구기호 341.37 B931m 등록번호 111796011 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

목차

List of Cases	p. xv
List of Primary Legal Sources	p. xxxi
List of Abbreviations	p. li
1	Introduction	p. 1
1.1	    Background	p. 1
1.2	    Relevance of the Topic	p. 6
1.3	    A Word on Terminology	p. 11
1.4	    The Approach	p. 13
2	Subsequent Practice as a Means of Treaty Interpretation	p. 16
2.1	    Introduction	p. 16
2.2	    The Drafting History of Article 31 (3) (b) VCLT	p. 19
2.3	    Subsequent Practice under Article 31 (3)(b): Constitutive Elements	p. 23
2.3.1	        The Notion of ''Practice'': What and Whose Practice?	p. 24
2.3.1a	            The meaning of ''practice''	p. 24
2.3.1b	            The determinacy and evidentiary value of practice	p. 27
2.3.1c	            Relevant actors	p. 32
2.3.2	        The Term ''Subsequent''	p. 50
2.3.3	        ''Subsequent Practice'' and ''Subsequent Agreements''	p. 53
2.3.4	        Practice ''in the Application of the Treaty''	p. 56
2.3.5	        The Requirement of ''Agreement''	p. 61
2.3.5a	            The role of silence in establishing agreement	p. 63
2.3.5b	            The role of acquiescence and estoppel in establishing agreement	p. 68
2.3.5c	            Evidence of ''agreement''	p. 71
2.4	    Subsequent Practice as a Supplementary Means under Article 32 VCLT	p. 75
2.5	    Methods of Interpretation and the Role of Subsequent Practice	p. 77
2.5.1	        Overview of the Main Interpretative Methods and the Relevance of Subsequent Practice	p. 79
2.5.2	        Interpretative ''Policies'' and the Consequent Role of Subsequent Practice in the Interpretative Process	p. 84
2.5.3	        Subsequent Practice and Evolutionary Interpretation	p. 92
2.5.3a	            Evidentiary standards for evolutionary interpretation	p. 94
2.5.3b	            Textual limits of evolutionary interpretation	p. 97
2.5.3c	            Costa Rica v Nicaragua: The effects of evolutionary interpretation and subsequent practice compared	p. 99
2.5.3d	            Relation between evolutionary interpretation and subsequent practice	p. 101
2.5.4	        Subsequent Practice and the Doctrine of Implied Powers	p. 103
3	Subsequent Practice as a Means of Treaty Modification	p. 107
3.1	    Introduction	p. 107
3.2	    The ILC Draft Provision on Treaty Modification by Subsequent Practice	p. 113
3.2.1	        Genesis of the Provision; Draft Article 56 on Intertemporality	p. 113
3.2.2	        The 1964 Provision on Treaty Modification by Subsequent Agreement, Subsequent Practice, and Subsequent Customary Law: Draft Articles 73 and 69A	p. 117
3.2.3	        The 1966 Provision on Treaty Modification by Subsequent Agreement, Subsequent Practice, and Subsequent Customary Law: Draft Article 68	p. 119
3.2.4	        The 1966 Provision on Treaty Modification by Subsequent Practice: Draft Article 38	p. 123
3.2.5	        The 1968-1969 Vienna Conference on the Law of Treaties: Deletion of Article 38	p. 126
3.2.6	        Conclusions Based on the 1964-1968 Discussions	p. 130
3.3	    Treaty Modification by Subsequent Practice: General Framework	p. 132
3.3.1	        Defining ''Modification''	p. 133
3.3.2	        Validity of the Process	p. 138
3.3.2a	            The process of treaty modification by subsequent practice	p. 138
3.3.2b	            The process of treaty modification through termination by subsequent practice	p. 143
3.3.3	        Constitutive Elements and Evidentiary Standards	p. 146
3.3.3a	            Type of practice, determinacy and relevant actors	p. 146
3.3.3b	            The requirement of agreement	p. 148
3.3.4	        Relation to Formal Amendment Procedures	p. 154
3.3.5	        Relation to the Object and Purpose of the Treaty	p. 158
3.3.6	        The Result of Modification	p. 161
3.3.6a	            Relation to the original treaty	p. 161
3.3.6b	            Transferability'' to subsequent treaties	p. 163
3.3.6c	            Applicability to subsequent parties	p. 164
3.3.7	        A Customary Rule on Treaty Modification by Subsequent Practice?	p. 164
3.4	    Identifying Modification by Subsequent Practice: Distinguishing between Interpretation and Modification	p. 166
3.4.1	        Relevance of Distinguishing between Interpretation and Modification	p. 166
3.4.2	        Distinguishing between Interpretation and Modification in Practice	p. 168
3.5	    Analysing Modification by Subsequent Practice: Essential Distinctions. Non-Derogability, and Alternative Adaptation Mechanisms	p. 175
3.5.1	        Implications of Different Types of Treaties and Treaty Provisions	p. 176
3.5.1a	            Type of treaty regime	p. 176
3.5.1b	            Type of treaty provision	p. 184
3.5.2	        Availability and Implications of Alternative Treaty Adaptation Mechanisms	p. 187
3.6	    Interim Conclusions	p. 192
4	Subsequent Customary Law as a Means of Treaty Modification	p. 195
4.1	    Introduction	p. 195
4.2	    The ILC Draft Provision on Treaty Modification by Subsequent Customary Law	p. 197
4.3	    Formation and Identification of Customary Law and the Role of Practice	p. 202
4.3.1	        The Two-Element Approach	p. 202
4.3.2	        The Element of Practice	p. 205
4.3.3	        The Element of Opinio Juris	p. 210
4.3.4	        A Note on Jus Cogens	p. 212
4.4	    Treaty Modification by Subsequent Customary Law: The Interplay between Treaties and Customary International Law	p. 213
4.4.1	        Treaties and Customary International Law: No Formal Hierarchy	p. 213
4.4.2	        Identifying Modifications by Subsequent Customary Law: Conflicts between Treaties and Subsequent Customary Norms	p. 215
4.4.3	        Validity of the Process of Treaty Modification by Subsequent Customary Law	p. 219
4.5	    Treaty Modification by Subsequent Customary Law: Requirements and Distinctions	p. 222
4.5.1	        ''External'' versus ''Treaty-Related'' Customary Law	p. 223
4.5.2	        Special Customary Law	p. 225
4.5.3	        Evidentiary Threshold for Modification	p. 227
4.6	    The Processes of Modification by Subsequent Practice and Subsequent Customary Law Compared	p. 229
4.7	    Interim Conclusions	p. 233
5	A Systematic Analysis of Examples of Modification by Subsequent Practice	p. 236
5.1	    Introduction: General Approach	p. 236
5.2	    Treaty Modification by Subsequent Practice as Assessed in the Case Law	p. 238
5.2.1	        International Court of Justice	p. 239
5.2.2	        Ad Hoc Arbitral Tribunals	p. 261
5.2.3	        Courts and Tribunals under Special Regimes	p. 272
5.2.3a	            European Court of Human Rights	p. 272
5.2.3b	            Iran-US Claims Tribunal	p. 279
5.2.3c	            North American Free Trade Agreement	p. 281
5.2.3d	            European Court of Justice	p. 285
5.2.4	        National Courts	p. 287
5.2.5	        Interim Conclusions	p. 292
5.3	    Treaty Modification by Subsequent Practice Outside of judicial and Quasi-Judicial Proceedings	p. 297
5.3.1	        Examples Within the Context of International Organizations	p. 298
5.3.1a	            UN Charter	p. 298
5.3.1b	            NATO	p. 310
5.3.1c	            ILO Constitution	p. 312
5.3.1d	            GATT/WTO context	p. 314
5.3.1e	            International financial institutions	p. 319
5.3.2	        Examples Outside the Context of International Organizations	p. 320
5.3.2a	            Law of the sea	p. 320
5.3.2b	            Environmental law: MEAs	p. 338
5.3.2c	            Human rights	p. 347
5.3.2d	            Humanitarian law	p. 350
5.3.2e	            Other fields	p. 354
5.3.3	        Interim Conclusions	p. 357
6	Conclusion	p. 361
6.1	    Overview	p. 361
6.1.1	        The Concept of Subsequent Practice and Treaty Interpretation	p. 361
6.1.2	        Subsequent Practice and Treaty Modification	p. 363
6.1.3	        Subsequent Customary Law and Treaty Modification	p. 366
6.1.4	        The Need for Recognition by Dispute Settlement Bodies of Modifications by Subsequent Practice and Subsequent Customary Law	p. 368
6.2	    Concluding Remarks	p. 370
6.2.1	        The Process of Treaty Modification by Subsequent Practice: Assessing the Feasibility of Codification	p. 370
6.2.2	        Striking the Balance Between the Stability of Treaties and the Organic Evolution of International Law	p. 372
Bibliography	p. 375
Index	p. 409

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