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|008||180112s2001 nyu 000 0 eng d|
|020||▼a 0684859076 (pbk.)|
|040||▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d DLC ▼d 211009|
|050||1 0||▼a PN83 ▼b .B57 2001|
|082||0 0||▼a 801/.9 ▼2 23|
|084||▼a 801.9 ▼2 DDCK|
|090||▼a 801.9 ▼b B655h|
|100||1||▼a Bloom, Harold.|
|245||1 0||▼a How to read and why / ▼c Harold Bloom.|
|260||▼a New York : ▼b Touchstone : ▼b Simon & Schuster, ▼c 2001.|
|300||▼a 283 p. ; ▼c 22 cm.|
|490||1||▼a A Touchstone book|
|650||0||▼a Literature ▼x Appreciation.|
|650||0||▼a Literature ▼x Study and teaching.|
|650||0||▼a Literature, Modern ▼x History and criticism.|
|830||0||▼a Touchstone book.|
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|No. 1||Location Main Library/Donation Books Coner/||Call Number 김종길 801.9 B655h||Accession No. 511035085||Availability Available||Due Date||Make a Reservation||Service|
Harold Bloom's urgency in How to Read and Why may have much to do with his age. He brackets his combative, inspiring manual with the news that he is nearing 70 and hasn't time for the mediocre. (One doubts that he ever did.) Nor will he countenance such fashionable notions as the death of the author or abide "the vagaries of our current counter-Puritanism" let alone "ideological cheerleading." Successively exploring the short story, poetry, the novel, and drama, Bloom illuminates both the how and why of his title and points us in all the right directions: toward the Romantics because they "startle us out of our sleep-of-death into a more capacious sense of life"; toward Austen, James, Proust; toward Thomas Mann, Toni Morrison, and Cormac McCarthy; toward Cervantes and Shakespeare (but of course!), Ibsen and Oscar Wilde.
How should we read? Slowly, with love, openness, and with our inner ear cocked. Then we should reread, reread, reread, and do so aloud as often as possible. "As a boy of eight," he tells us, "I would walk about chanting Housman's and William Blake's lyrics to myself, and I still do, less frequently yet with undiminished fervor." And why should we engage in this apparently solitary activity? To increase our wit and imagination, our sense of intimacy--in short, our entire consciousness--and also to heal our pain. "Until you become yourself," Bloom avers, "what benefit can you be to others." So much for reading as an escape from the self!
Still, many of this volume's pleasures may indeed be selfish. The author is at his best when he is thinking aloud and anew, and his material offers him--and therefore us--endless opportunities for discovery. Bloom cherishes poetry because it is "a prophetic mode" and fiction for its wisdom. Intriguingly, he fears more for the fate of the latter: "Novels require more readers than poems do, a statement so odd that it puzzles me, even as I agree with it." We must, he adjures, crusade against its possible extinction and read novels "in the coming years of the third millennium, as they were read in the eighteenth and nineteenth century: for aesthetic pleasure and for spiritual insight."
Bloom is never heavy, since his vision quest contains a healthy love of irony--Jedediah Purdy, take note: "Strip irony away from reading, and it loses at once all discipline and all surprise." And this supreme critic makes us want to equal his reading prowess because he writes as well as he reads; his epigrams are equal to his opinions. He is also a master allusionist and quoter. His section on Hedda Gabler is preceded by three extraordinary statements, two from Ibsen, who insists, "There must be a troll in what I write." Who would not want to proceed? Of course, Bloom can also accomplish his goal by sheer obstinacy. As far as he is concerned, Don Quixote may have been the first novel but it remains to this day the best one. Is he perhaps tweaking us into reading this gigantic masterwork by such bald overstatement? Bloom knows full well that a prophet should stop at nothing to get his belief and love across, and throughout How to Read and Why he is as unstinting as the visionary company he adores. --Kerry Fried
Information is endlessly available to us; where shall wisdom be found?" is the crucial question with which renowned literary critic Harold Bloom begins this impassioned book on the pleasures and benefits of reading well. For more than forty years, Bloom has transformed college students into lifelong readers with his unrivaled love for literature. Now, at a time when faster and easier electronic media threatens to eclipse the practice of reading, Bloom draws on his experience as critic, teacher, and prolific reader to plumb the great books for their sustaining wisdom.
Shedding all polemic, Bloom addresses the solitary reader, who, he urges, should read for the purest of all reasons: to discover and augment the self. His ultimate faith in the restorative power of literature resonates on every page of this infinitely rewarding and important book.
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1930년 뉴욕에서 태어난 유대계 미국 문학비평가이다. 1951년에 코넬 대학교를 졸업하고 1955년에 예일 대학교에서 박사학위를 받았으며, 2012년 현재 예일 대학교 인문대학 석좌교수로 셰익스피어와 영시 등을 가르치고 있다. 『셸리의 신화 만들기』 『예시적 친구들』 『탑 속의 종지기』 같은 초기 저작에서 낭만적 상상력의 자율성과 비전을 강조하며 영국 낭만주의 시를 새롭게 해석했다. 1973년 시 창작 과정을 선배 작가의 영향에 대한 투쟁의 과정으로 해석한 대표작 『영향에 대한 불안』을 출판했으며, 『오독의 지도』 『카발라와 비평』 『시와 억압』 『투쟁』에서 이 이론을 발전시켰다. 블룸은 소위 예일 학파라 불리는 폴 드 만, 제프리 하트만, 제임스 힐리스 밀러의 해체론과 일정한 거리를 취하며 정신분석과 그노시스교 등을 접목한 자신만의 독특한 이론을 전개했다. 1994년 저서 『서구 정전』에서는 셰익스피어를 위시한 서구의 고전문학을 옹호했고 페미니즘, 신역사주의, 마르크스주의 등 문학을 정치, 역사 등 문학 외적인 것으로 환원하는 비평들을 모두 비판했다. 이후 『어떻게 왜 읽을 것인가』 등 대중 독자들을 위한 다수의 책을 저술했고, 최근에는 자신의 백조의 노래라 부른 『영향의 해부』를 출판했다. 1980년대부터 첼시아 하우스 출판사가 발행하는 서구 문학 작가와 작품에 대한 비평서 모음집의 책임편집인으로 수백 권에 이르는 책을 편집했고 40권 이상의 방대한 저서를 남겼다. 그의 책은 40여 개의 언어로 번역되었다.
Table of Contents
Authors'' names only: Short stories (Ivan Turgenev ; Anton Chekhov ; Guy de Maupassant ; Ernest Hemingway ; Flannery O''Connor ; Vladimir Nabokov ; Jorge Luis Borges ; Tommaso Landolfi ; Italo Calvino) -- Poems (A.E. Housman ; William Blake ; Walter Savage Landor ; Alfred Lord Tennyson ; Robert Browning ; Walt Whitman ; Emily Dickinson ; Emily Bronte ; William Shakespeare ; John Milton ;William Wordsworth ; Samuel Taylor Coleridge ; Percy Bysshe Shelley ; John Keats) -- Novels, Part I (Miguel de Cervantes ; Stendhal ; Jane Austen ; Charles Dickens ; Fyodor Dostoevsky ; Henry James ; Marcel Proust ; Thomas Mann). Cont.: Plays (William Shakespeare ; Henrik Ibsen ; Oscar Wilde) -- Novels, Part II (Herman Melville ; William Faulkner ; Nathanael West ; Thomas Pynchon ; Cormac McCarthy ; Ralph Ellison ; Toni Morrison).