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Time pressure and stress in human judgment and decison making

Time pressure and stress in human judgment and decison making (1회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Svenson, Ola. Maule, A. John.
서명 / 저자사항
Time pressure and stress in human judgment and decison making / edited by Ola Svenson and A. John Maule.
발행사항
New York :   Plenum Press,   c1993.  
형태사항
xxii, 335 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0306444267
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references and index.
일반주제명
Decision making. Judgment. Time pressure. Stress (Psychology). Job stress.
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008 160829s1993 nyua b 001 0 eng d
010 ▼a 93011985
020 ▼a 0306444267
035 ▼a (KERIS)REF000004758688
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d DLC ▼d 211009
050 0 0 ▼a BF448 ▼b .T56 1993
082 0 0 ▼a 153.8/3 ▼2 23
084 ▼a 153.83 ▼2 DDCK
090 ▼a 153.83 ▼b T5832
245 0 0 ▼a Time pressure and stress in human judgment and decison making / ▼c edited by Ola Svenson and A. John Maule.
260 ▼a New York : ▼b Plenum Press, ▼c c1993.
300 ▼a xxii, 335 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 24 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and index.
650 0 ▼a Decision making.
650 0 ▼a Judgment.
650 0 ▼a Time pressure.
650 0 ▼a Stress (Psychology).
650 0 ▼a Job stress.
700 1 ▼a Svenson, Ola.
700 1 ▼a Maule, A. John.
945 ▼a KLPA

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 153.83 T5832 등록번호 111760994 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

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목차

CONTENTS
PART Ⅰ. DECISION, TIME PRESSURE, AND STRESS-SETTING THE SCENE
  1. Theoretical and Empirical Approaches to Behavioral Decision Making and Their Relation to Time Constraints / A. John Maule ; Ola Svenson = 3
    Introduction = 3
    On the Psychology of Decision Making = 4
    Structural Approaches = 5
      Judgments = 5
      Potential of Judgment Research to Capture Time Pressure Effects = 7
      Decision = 8
      Riskless Decision Situations = 8
      Potential of Riskless Decision-Making Research to Capture Time Pressure Effects = 9
      Risky Decisions = 9
      Expectancy/Value Approaches = 10
      Potential of Risky Decision-Making Research to Capture Time Pressure Effects = 13
    Process Approaches = 13
      Methodological Issues = 14
      Some Findings from Process-Tracing Studies = 15
      Process Theories = 16
      Potential of Process-Tracing Research to Capture Time Pressure Effects = 19
    Sequential and Dynamic Approaches and Their Potential for Time Pressure Research = 20
    Concluding Remarks = 22
    References = 22
  2. Judgment and Decision Making under Time Pressure : Studies and Findings / Anne Edland ; Ola Svenson = 27
    Introduction = 27
    Studies of Time Pressure Effects on Judgments = 28
    The Effects of Time Ptessure on Decision Making = 29
      General Remarks = 29
      Decisions and Confidence Ratings = 30
      Risky Decisions = 30
      Decision Making and Attribute Weight = 31
      Decision Strategies and Decision Rules = 32
      Decisions and Normative Theory = 34
      Unfolding a Decision Problem over Time = 35
      Decision Making and Problem Solving = 35
    Conclusions = 36
    References = 38
  3. On the Psychobiology of Stress and Health / Ulf Lundberg = 41
    Introduction = 41
    Psychobiological Stress Responses = 42
    Type A Behavior, Competitive Drive, Time Urgency, and Stress Responses Inducing Cardiovascular Disease = 44
    The Use of Time in Men and Women : Work Overload = 46
    Mental Stress, Time Pressure, and Musculoskeletal Problems = 47
    Concluding Remarks = 48
    References = 49
PART Ⅱ. PERSPECTIVES ON TIME PRESSURE AND STRESS : THEORY AND METHOD
  4. The Impact of Time Perception Processes on Decision Making Under Time Stress / Dan Zakay = 59
    Introduction = 59
    Decision Making Under Time Stress = 59
    Review of Time-Perception Models = 61
      Subjective Time and Cognitive Processes = 61
      Cognitive Models of Short-Duration Estimation = 61
      In Search of the Correct Model = 63
      The Contextual Approach = 64
      Resource Allocation Model of Time Estimation = 65
    Decision Making Under Time Stress and Time Perception = 66
    References = 69
  5. Time Pressure and Task Adaptation : Alternative Perspectives on Laboratory Studies / Donald MacGregor = 73
    Introduction = 73
    Manipulations of Time Pressure = 74
    Constructed Decisions = 76
    Events as Time Pressure Cues = 76
    Time and Task Adaptation = 77
    Discussion = 80
    References = 81
  6. State, Stress, and Time Pressure / A. John Maule ; G. Robert J. Hockey = 83
    Introduction = 83
    Methodological Issues = 84
    Empirical Findings and Theoretical Developments = 85
      Macrostrategy Research = 85
      Microstrategy Research = 86
      Combination of the Two Approaches = 88
    An Integrated approach = 89
      Research on the Effects of stress on Cognition = 89
      Variable State Activation(VSAT) = 91
    Conclusion = 96
    References = 99
  7. Adapting to Time Constraints / Eric J. Johnson ; John W. Payne ; James R. Bettman = 103
    Introduction = 103
    Decision Making and Time Pressure : A Computer Simulation Analysis = 104
      Measuring Time Pressure = 105
      Measuring Accuracy = 106
      Task and Context Effects = 107
      Results = 107
    Do Decision Makers Adapt to Time Constraints? = 110
    Conclusions = 115
    References = 116
  8. Time Pressure in Negotiation and Mediation / Peter J. Carnevale ; Kathleen M. O''Connor ; Christopher McCusker = 117
    Introduction = 117
    Components of Negotiation : Outcomes and Strategies = 118
      Negotiation Outcomes = 118
      Negotiation Strategies = 120
    Time Pressure in Negotiation = 121
      Effects of Time Pressure on Concession Making(Yielding) = 121
      Effects of Time Pressure on Problem Solving and Contending = 122
    Time Pressure in Mediation = 123
    Conclusions and Future Research = 124
    References = 126
PART Ⅲ. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF TIME PRESSURE
  9. Framing and Time Pressure in Decision Making / Ola Svenson ; Lehman Benson, Ⅲ = 133
    Introduction = 133
    Experiment 1 = 135
      Method = 135
      Results = 136
    Experiment 2 = 138
      Method = 140
      Results = 140
    Discussion = 142
    References = 143
  10. The Effects of Time Pressure on Choices and Judgments of Candidates to a University Program / Anne Edland = 145
    Introduction = 145
    Method = 147
      Subjects = 147
      Task and Stimuli = 148
      Procedure = 149
    Results = 150
      Judgments of Mood, Stress, and Related Aspects = 150
      Rated Importance of Attributes = 151
      Analysis of Choice Behavior = 151
      Attractiveness Difference Judgments = 153
    Concluding Remarks = 154
    References = 156
  11. On Experimental Instructions and the Inducement of Time Pressure Behavior / Ola Svenson ; Lehman Benson, Ⅲ = 157
    Introduction = 157
    Experiment = 159
      Subjects = 160
      Stimuli = 160
      Procedure = 160
    Results = 162
      Mood Scales = 162
      Ratings of Time Pressure and Task Characteristics = 162
      Decisions = 162
      Ratings = 163
      Change of Ratings across Conditions = 164
    Discussion = 164
    References = 165
  12. Time Pressure and Payoff Effects on Multidimensional Probabilistic Inference / Thomas S. Wallsten = 167
    Introduction = 167
      Background = 167
      Wallsten and Barton''s(1982) Model = 168
    The Experiment = 169
      Predictions = 169
      Method = 170
      Results = 172
      Discussion = 176
    Conclusions = 177
    References = 178
  13. Violations of the Speed-Accuracy Tradeoff Relation : Decreases in Decision Accuracy with Increases in Decision Time / Jerome R. Busemeyer = 181
    Introduction = 181
      Cost/Benefit Approach = 182
      Sequential Comparison Approach = 182
      Summary = 183
    Decision Making Under Deadline Time Pressure = 184
      Design and Procedure = 184
      Results for Decision Time = 185
      Results for Decision Accuracy = 185
    Theoretical Explanations = 186
      Cost/Benefit Approach = 186
      Sequential Comparison Approach = 187
    Conclusions = 189
      Conditions That Lead to Violations of the Speed-Accuracy Relation = 189
      Changes in Strategy versus Changes in Criteria = 190
      Dynamic Nature of Preference = 191
    References = 192
  14. The Effect of Time Pressure in Multiattribute Binary Choice Tasks / Ulf B o ·· ckenholt ; Keith Kroeger = 195
    Introduction = 195
    The Class of Criterion-Dependent Choice Models = 196
    Time Pressure Effects = 198
      Selection = 198
      Evaluation and Aggregation = 199
      Choice Prediction and Consistency = 199
      Postdecisional Variables = 200
    A Process-Tracing Study = 201
      Subjects = 202
      Design and Procedure = 202
    Results = 204
      Selection = 204
      Evaluation and Aggregation = 206
      Choice Predictability and Consistency = 207
      Confidence Ratings = 209
    Discussion = 210
    References = 213
PART Ⅳ. INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
  15. The Interactions Among Time Urgency, Uncertainty, and Time Pressure / Helen Rastegary ; Frank J. Landy = 217
    Introduction = 217
    Overview = 218
    Time Urgency = 219
      Background = 219
      Characteristics of Time Urgency = 220
    Uncertainty and Time Pressure as Stressors in Decision Making = 223
      Uncertainty as a Stressor = 223
      Time Pressure = 225
    Time Pressure and Time Urgency = 228
    Time Pressure and Time Urgency as Influences on Decision Making = 229
    Summary and Concluding Remarks = 233
    References = 235
  16. Information Procession in Decision Making Under Time Pressure : The Influence of Action Versus State Orientation / Joachim Stiensmeier-Pelster ; Martin Sch u ·· rmann = 241
    Introduction = 241
    The Theory of Action Control = 243
    Action Versus State Orientation and Decision Making With and Without Time Pressure = 245
      Study 1 = 246
      Study 2 = 248
      Study 3 = 249
    Concluding Remarks = 251
    References = 252
  17. Time Pressure and Information Integration in Social Judgment : The Effect of Need for structure / Martin F. Kaplan ; L. Tatiana Wanshula ; Mark P. Zanna = 255
    Introduction = 255
    Time Pressure and Judgment = 255
    Time pressure and Social Judgment = 256
    Individual Differences in Reaction to Time Pressure = 258
    An Empirical Test of Individual Differences and Time Pressure = 260
      Overview and Predictions = 260
      Subjects and Targets = 261
      Procedure = 262
      Results = 263
    Conclusions = 265
    References = 266
PART Ⅴ. TIME PRESSURE AND STRESS IN APPLIED SETTINGS
  18. The Effects of Stress on Pilot Judgment in a MIDIS Simulator / Christopher D. Wickens ; Alan Stokes ; Barbara Barnett ; Fred Hyman = 271
    Introduction = 271
    Methods = 277
      Subjects = 277
      The MIDIS Task = 278
      Attribute and Option Coding = 280
      Concurrent Task/Stress Manipulations = 280
      Procedure = 281
    Results = 282
    Discussion = 285
    Appendix = 288
      Examples of Low- and High-Attribute-Coded Problems = 288
    References = 290
  19. Environmental Stressor Effects on Creativity and Decision Making / James Shanteay ; Geri Anne Dino = 293
    Introduction = 293
    Method = 294
      Environmental Chamber = 294
      Subjects = 295
      Experimenters = 296
      Procedure = 296
      Instruments = 296
    Results and Discussion = 299
      Memory Recall = 299
      Anagram Solution = 300
      IQ Measure = 300
      Creativity = 300
      Calibration = 302
      Impression Formation = 303
    General Discussion = 303
      Stress and Creativity = 303
      Other Psychological Processes = 304
      Generality = 305
    References = 307
  20. Assessing Components of Judgment in an Operational Setting : The Effects of Time Pressure on Aviation Weather Forecasting / Cynthia M. Lusk = 309
    Introduction = 309
    Aviation Forecasting Study = 310
      Previous Analyses = 311
    Decomposition of the Mean Probability Score = 311
    Decomposition Analyses of the Aviation Forecasting Study = 312
      Operationalizing Time Pressure = 312
      Sample and Analysis Strategy = 313
      Results = 313
    Discussion = 315
      Forecaster Incentives = 316
      Cognitive Processes = 316
      Task Environment = 319
    Conclusion = 320
    References = 320
  Concluding Remarks / A. John Maule ; Ola Svenson = 323
    Introduction = 323
    Approaches to the Study of Time Pressure = 324
    Time and Coping with Time Pressure as Conceived in Time Pressure Studies = 325
      Time as a Determinant of Resource Allocation = 325
      Time-Induced Changes in Affect = 325
      Monitoring of Time = 326
      Time as a Task Variable = 326
      Time as an Interactive Situational Resource Variable = 326
      Time as an Independent Situational Resource Variable = 327
      Componential Time Effects = 327
    Some Themes for Future Research = 328
Index = 331

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