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Rationality and the reflective mind

Rationality and the reflective mind (Loan 1 times)

Material type
단행본
Personal Author
Stanovich, Keith E., 1950-.
Title Statement
Rationality and the reflective mind / Keith E. Stanovich.
Publication, Distribution, etc
New York :   Oxford University Press,   2011.  
Physical Medium
xi, 328 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
9780195341140 (hardback) 0195341147 (hardback)
요약
"In this book, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science-the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. Stanovich shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness. Using a unique individual differences approach, Stanovich shows that to fully characterize differences in rational thinking, the traditional System 2 of dual-process theory must be partitioned into the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind. He posits that we need to supersede dual-process theories with tripartite models of cognition. The key operations of the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind that support human rationality are discussed in the book. The key function of the algorithmic mind is to sustain the processing of decoupled secondary representations in cognitive simulation. The key function of the reflective mind, in contrast, is to detect the need to interrupt autonomous processing and to begin simulation activities. Stanovich uses the algorithmic/reflective distinction to develop a taxonomy of cognitive errors that are made on tasks in the heuristics and biases literature. He presents empirical data to show that the tendency to make these thinking errors is only modestly related to intelligence. Using the new tripartite model of mind, Stanovich shows how rationality is a more encompassing construct than intelligence-when both are properly defined-and that IQ tests fail to assess individual differences in rational thought. Stanovich discusses the types of thinking processes that would be measured in an assessment of rational thinking"--Provided by publisher.
Content Notes
Dual-process theory and the great rationality debate -- Differentiating the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind -- The key functions of the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind that support human rationality -- The tri-process model and serial associative cognition -- The master rationality motive and the origins of the nonautonomous mind -- A taxonomy of rational thinking problems / Stanovich, Keith E., West, Richard F. -- Intelligence as a predictor of performance on heuristics and biases tasks / Stanovich, Keith E., West, Richard F. -- Rationality and intelligence: empirical and theoretical relationships and implications for the great rationality debate -- The social implications of separating the concepts of intelligence and rationality -- The assessment of rational thought / Stanovich, Keith E., West, Richard F., Toplak, Maggie E.
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-301) and indexes.
Subject Added Entry-Topical Term
Reasoning (Psychology) Individual differences. Intellect. Cognition.
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010 ▼a 2010036746
020 ▼a 9780195341140 (hardback)
020 ▼a 0195341147 (hardback)
035 ▼a (KERIS)REF000016347630
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d YDX ▼d BTCTA ▼d YDXCP ▼d CDX ▼d IUL ▼d SHH ▼d DLC ▼d 211009
050 0 0 ▼a BF442 ▼b .S727 2011
082 0 0 ▼a 153.4/3 ▼2 23
084 ▼a 153.43 ▼2 DDCK
090 ▼a 153.43 ▼b S789r
100 1 ▼a Stanovich, Keith E., ▼d 1950-.
245 1 0 ▼a Rationality and the reflective mind / ▼c Keith E. Stanovich.
260 ▼a New York : ▼b Oxford University Press, ▼c 2011.
300 ▼a xi, 328 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-301) and indexes.
505 0 0 ▼t Dual-process theory and the great rationality debate -- ▼t Differentiating the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind -- ▼t The key functions of the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind that support human rationality -- ▼t The tri-process model and serial associative cognition -- ▼t The master rationality motive and the origins of the nonautonomous mind -- ▼t A taxonomy of rational thinking problems / ▼r Stanovich, Keith E., ▼r West, Richard F. -- ▼t Intelligence as a predictor of performance on heuristics and biases tasks / ▼r Stanovich, Keith E., ▼r West, Richard F. -- ▼t Rationality and intelligence: empirical and theoretical relationships and implications for the great rationality debate -- ▼r The social implications of separating the concepts of intelligence and rationality -- ▼t The assessment of rational thought / ▼r Stanovich, Keith E., ▼r West, Richard F., ▼r Toplak, Maggie E.
520 ▼a "In this book, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science-the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. Stanovich shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness. Using a unique individual differences approach, Stanovich shows that to fully characterize differences in rational thinking, the traditional System 2 of dual-process theory must be partitioned into the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind. He posits that we need to supersede dual-process theories with tripartite models of cognition. The key operations of the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind that support human rationality are discussed in the book. The key function of the algorithmic mind is to sustain the processing of decoupled secondary representations in cognitive simulation. The key function of the reflective mind, in contrast, is to detect the need to interrupt autonomous processing and to begin simulation activities. Stanovich uses the algorithmic/reflective distinction to develop a taxonomy of cognitive errors that are made on tasks in the heuristics and biases literature. He presents empirical data to show that the tendency to make these thinking errors is only modestly related to intelligence. Using the new tripartite model of mind, Stanovich shows how rationality is a more encompassing construct than intelligence-when both are properly defined-and that IQ tests fail to assess individual differences in rational thought. Stanovich discusses the types of thinking processes that would be measured in an assessment of rational thinking"--Provided by publisher.
650 0 ▼a Reasoning (Psychology)
650 0 ▼a Individual differences.
650 0 ▼a Intellect.
650 0 ▼a Cognition.
740 0 2 ▼a Key functions of the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind that support human rationality.
740 0 2 ▼a Tri-process model and serial associative cognition
740 0 2 ▼a Master rationality motive and the origins of the nonautonomous mind.
740 0 2 ▼a Taxonomy of rational thinking problems
740 0 2 ▼a Social implications of separating the concepts of intelligence and rationality.
740 0 2 ▼a Assessment of rational thought
945 ▼a KLPA

Holdings Information

No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 153.43 S789r Accession No. 111715014 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M

Contents information

Author Introduction

키스 E. 스타노비치(지은이)

심리학자. 응용인지과학협회ACS의 캐나다 연구위원장을 역임했으며 현재 토론토 대학 응용심리학 및 인간개발학과의 명예교수를 맡고 있다. 1973년 오하이오 주립대학에서 심리학 학사 학위를, 1977년 미시건 대학에서 심리학 박사 학위를 받았다. 저자의 연구팀은 우리편 편향이 다른 편향들과 달리 인지 능력에 의해 줄어들지 않는다는 연구 결과를 놀라워하며 꾸준히 논문을 발표했다. 2013년 &lt우리편 편향, 합리적 사고, 지능&gt이라는 논문도 같은 주제에 착안했는데 당시 그 사회적 함의는 다루지 않고 남겨 놓았다. 이후 《합리성 지수The Rationality Quotient》(공저)라는 책을 출간하면서 이 맹목적 편향이 어떤 정치적 함의를 지니는지 명료한 문제의식을 갖게 되었고 그 사회정치적 함의를 숙고하면서 이 책을 쓰게 되었다. 약 200여 편의 과학 논문과 9권의 저서를 출간한 스타노비치는 국제통계협회에 따르면 100번 이상 인용된 논문의 수가 30편에 이르며 독서의 양극화 현상을 다룬 그의 1986년 논문은 1500회 넘게 인용되었다. 미국심리협회 ‘E.L. 손다이크 경력성취상’의 2012년 수상자로 선정된 바 있으며 독서를 다룬 영향력 있는 논문을 쓴 공로로 국제독서협회로부터 앨버트 J. 해리스상을 두 차례 수상했다. 또한 1990년대 중반, 발달심리학자 가운데 피인용지수가 가장 높은 50인 목록에 이름을 올렸으며 가장 생산적인 교육심리학자 25인에 선정되었다. 현대 심리학에서 과장된 프로이트의 위상과 검증되지 않은 사이비 대중심리학을 비판하고, 과학적 심리학을 역설하며 쓴 《심리학의 오해》라는 입문서는 11쇄를 찍으며 각광받았고 400개가 넘는 고등 교육 기관에서 채택되었다.

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