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Rationality and the reflective mind

Rationality and the reflective mind (Loan 1 times)

Material type
단행본
Personal Author
Stanovich, Keith E., 1950-.
Title Statement
Rationality and the reflective mind / Keith E. Stanovich.
Publication, Distribution, etc
New York :   Oxford University Press,   2011.  
Physical Medium
xi, 328 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
9780195341140 (hardback) 0195341147 (hardback)
요약
"In this book, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science-the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. Stanovich shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness. Using a unique individual differences approach, Stanovich shows that to fully characterize differences in rational thinking, the traditional System 2 of dual-process theory must be partitioned into the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind. He posits that we need to supersede dual-process theories with tripartite models of cognition. The key operations of the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind that support human rationality are discussed in the book. The key function of the algorithmic mind is to sustain the processing of decoupled secondary representations in cognitive simulation. The key function of the reflective mind, in contrast, is to detect the need to interrupt autonomous processing and to begin simulation activities. Stanovich uses the algorithmic/reflective distinction to develop a taxonomy of cognitive errors that are made on tasks in the heuristics and biases literature. He presents empirical data to show that the tendency to make these thinking errors is only modestly related to intelligence. Using the new tripartite model of mind, Stanovich shows how rationality is a more encompassing construct than intelligence-when both are properly defined-and that IQ tests fail to assess individual differences in rational thought. Stanovich discusses the types of thinking processes that would be measured in an assessment of rational thinking"--Provided by publisher.
Content Notes
Dual-process theory and the great rationality debate -- Differentiating the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind -- The key functions of the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind that support human rationality -- The tri-process model and serial associative cognition -- The master rationality motive and the origins of the nonautonomous mind -- A taxonomy of rational thinking problems / Stanovich, Keith E., West, Richard F. -- Intelligence as a predictor of performance on heuristics and biases tasks / Stanovich, Keith E., West, Richard F. -- Rationality and intelligence: empirical and theoretical relationships and implications for the great rationality debate -- The social implications of separating the concepts of intelligence and rationality -- The assessment of rational thought / Stanovich, Keith E., West, Richard F., Toplak, Maggie E.
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-301) and indexes.
Subject Added Entry-Topical Term
Reasoning (Psychology) Individual differences. Intellect. Cognition.
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010 ▼a 2010036746
020 ▼a 9780195341140 (hardback)
020 ▼a 0195341147 (hardback)
035 ▼a (KERIS)REF000016347630
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d YDX ▼d BTCTA ▼d YDXCP ▼d CDX ▼d IUL ▼d SHH ▼d DLC ▼d 211009
050 0 0 ▼a BF442 ▼b .S727 2011
082 0 0 ▼a 153.4/3 ▼2 23
084 ▼a 153.43 ▼2 DDCK
090 ▼a 153.43 ▼b S789r
100 1 ▼a Stanovich, Keith E., ▼d 1950-.
245 1 0 ▼a Rationality and the reflective mind / ▼c Keith E. Stanovich.
260 ▼a New York : ▼b Oxford University Press, ▼c 2011.
300 ▼a xi, 328 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-301) and indexes.
505 0 0 ▼t Dual-process theory and the great rationality debate -- ▼t Differentiating the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind -- ▼t The key functions of the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind that support human rationality -- ▼t The tri-process model and serial associative cognition -- ▼t The master rationality motive and the origins of the nonautonomous mind -- ▼t A taxonomy of rational thinking problems / ▼r Stanovich, Keith E., ▼r West, Richard F. -- ▼t Intelligence as a predictor of performance on heuristics and biases tasks / ▼r Stanovich, Keith E., ▼r West, Richard F. -- ▼t Rationality and intelligence: empirical and theoretical relationships and implications for the great rationality debate -- ▼r The social implications of separating the concepts of intelligence and rationality -- ▼t The assessment of rational thought / ▼r Stanovich, Keith E., ▼r West, Richard F., ▼r Toplak, Maggie E.
520 ▼a "In this book, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science-the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. Stanovich shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness. Using a unique individual differences approach, Stanovich shows that to fully characterize differences in rational thinking, the traditional System 2 of dual-process theory must be partitioned into the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind. He posits that we need to supersede dual-process theories with tripartite models of cognition. The key operations of the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind that support human rationality are discussed in the book. The key function of the algorithmic mind is to sustain the processing of decoupled secondary representations in cognitive simulation. The key function of the reflective mind, in contrast, is to detect the need to interrupt autonomous processing and to begin simulation activities. Stanovich uses the algorithmic/reflective distinction to develop a taxonomy of cognitive errors that are made on tasks in the heuristics and biases literature. He presents empirical data to show that the tendency to make these thinking errors is only modestly related to intelligence. Using the new tripartite model of mind, Stanovich shows how rationality is a more encompassing construct than intelligence-when both are properly defined-and that IQ tests fail to assess individual differences in rational thought. Stanovich discusses the types of thinking processes that would be measured in an assessment of rational thinking"--Provided by publisher.
650 0 ▼a Reasoning (Psychology)
650 0 ▼a Individual differences.
650 0 ▼a Intellect.
650 0 ▼a Cognition.
740 0 2 ▼a Key functions of the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind that support human rationality.
740 0 2 ▼a Tri-process model and serial associative cognition
740 0 2 ▼a Master rationality motive and the origins of the nonautonomous mind.
740 0 2 ▼a Taxonomy of rational thinking problems
740 0 2 ▼a Social implications of separating the concepts of intelligence and rationality.
740 0 2 ▼a Assessment of rational thought
945 ▼a KLPA

Holdings Information

No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 153.43 S789r Accession No. 111715014 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M

Contents information

Author Introduction

키이쓰 E. 스타노비치(지은이)

<심리학의 오해>

Information Provided By: : Aladin

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