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Quantum information : an overview

Quantum information : an overview (5회 대출)

Jaeger, Gregg.
서명 / 저자사항
Quantum information : an overview / Gregg Jaeger.
New York :   Springer ,   c2007.  
xviii, 284 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
9780387357256 (hbk.) 0387357254 (hbk.) 9780387369440 (e-isbn) 0387369449 (e-isbn)
Includes bibliographical references (p. [249]-270) and index.
Quantum computers.
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245 1 0 ▼a Quantum information : ▼b an overview / ▼c Gregg Jaeger.
260 ▼a New York : ▼b Springer , ▼c c2007.
300 ▼a xviii, 284 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 24 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. [249]-270) and index.
650 0 ▼a Quantum computers.
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Foreword.- Section 1 Qubits: Quantum state purity.- The representation of qubits.- Stokes parameters.- Single-qubit gates.- The double-slit experiment.- The Mach-Zehnder interferometer.- Multiple qubits.- Section 2 Measurements and quantum operations: The von Neumann classification of processes.- The Pauli classification of measurements.- Maximal measurements and expectation values.- The Lueders rule and non-selective measurements.- Reduced statistical operators.- General operations.- Positive operator valued measures.- Section 3 Quantum non-locality and interferometry: Hidden variables and state completeness.- Von Neumann's 'no-go' theorem.- The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen argument.- Gleason's theorem.- Bell inequalities.- Interferometric complementarity.- The Franson interferometer.- Two-qubit quantum gates.- Section 4 Classical information and communication: Communication channels.- Shannon entropy.- Renyi entropy.- Coding.- Error correction.- Data compression.- Communication complexity.- Section 5 Quantum information: Quantum entropy.- Quantum relative and conditional entropies.- Quantum mutual information.- Coherent information.- Quantum Renyi and Tsallis entropies.- Section 6 Quantum entanglement: Basic definitions.- The Schmidt decomposition.- Special bases and decompositions.- Stokes parameters and entanglement.- Partial transpose and reduction criteria.- The 'fundamental postulate'.- Entanglement monotones.- Distillation and bound entanglement.- Entanglement and majorization.- Concurrence.- Entanglement witnesses.- Entanglement as a resource.- The thermodynamic analogy.- Information and the foundations of physics.- The geometry of entanglement.- Creating entangled states of light.- Section 7 Entangled multipartite systems.- Stokes and correlation tensors.- N-tangle.- Generalized Schmidt decomposition.- Lorentz-group isometries.- Entanglement classes.- Algebraic invariants of multipartite systems.- Three-qubit states and residual tangle.- Three-qubit quantum logic gates.- States of higher qubit number.- Section 8 Quantum state and process estimation.- Quantum state tomography.- Quantum process tomography.- Direct estimation methods.- Section 9 Quantum communication: Quantum channels.- Channel capacities.- Holevo's theorem.- Discrimination of quantum states.- The no-cloning theorem.- Basic quantum channels.- The GHJW theorem.- Quantum dense coding.- Quantum teleportation.- Entanglement swapping.- Entanglement purification.- Quantum data compression.- Quantum communication complexity.- Section 10 Quantum decoherence and its mitigation: Quantum decoherence.- Decoherence and mixtures.- Decoherence-free subspaces.- Quantum coding, error detection and correction.- The 9-qubit Shor code.- Stabilizer codes.- Concatenation of quantum codes.- Section 11 Quantum broadcasting, copying and deleting: Quantum broadcasting.- Quantum copying.- Quantum deleting.- Landauer's principle.- Section 12 Quantum key distribution: Cryptography.- QKD systems.- The BB84 (four-state) protocol.- The E91 (Ekert) protocol.- The B92 (two-state) protocol.- The 6-state protocol.- Eavesdropping.- Security proofs.- Section 13 Classical and quantum computing: Classical computing.- Deterministic Turing machines.- Probabilistic Turing machines.- Multi-tape Turing machines . 13.5 Quantum Turing machines.- Quantum computational complexity.- Fault-tolerant quantum computing.- The KLM proposal.- Section 14 Quantum algorithms: The Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm.- The Grover search algorithm.- The Shor factoring algorithm.- The Simon algorithm.- Appendix A Mathematical elements: Boolean algebra and Galois fields.- Random variables.- Hilbert space.- The standard quantum formalism.- Dirac notation.- Groups o

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