Preface; Acknowledgements; Part I. Planning M. Fasham, G. Tucker, A. Bennett, T. Rich, M. Shewry, P. Shaw and M. Wade: 1. Introduction to Part 1; 2. Planning a programme; 3. Evaluation methods; Part II. Habitats G. Tucker, M. Fasham, T. Rich, M. Rebane, G. Peterken, F. McMeechan and R. Birnie: 4. Introduction to Part 2; 5. Habitat requirements and issues; 6. Methods for surveying habitats; 7. Surveying and monitoring management or environmental impacts; 8. Habitat conservation evaluation criteria; Part III. Species: 9. Introduction to Part 3; 10. General principles and methods for species M. Fasham and S. Mustoe; 11. Fungi R. Watling, M. Fasham and D. Dobson; 12. Lichens S. Davey, M. Fasham and D. Dobson; 13. Bryophytes G. Rothero, D. Dobson and M. Fasham; 14. Aquatic macrophytes and algae N. Stewart and M. Wade; 15. Vascular plants T. Rich, V. Hack and F. McMeechan; 16. Dragonflies and damselflies C. Plant, R. Sands and M. Fasham; 17. Butterflies C. Plant, R. Sands and M. Fasham; 18. Macromoths C. Plant, R. Sands and M. Fasham; 19. Other terrestrial invertebrates P. Dennis, C. Plant, R. Sands and M. Fasham; 20. Aquatic invertebrates P. Kerrison, T. Norman and M. Fasham; 21. Fish N. Giles, R. Sands and M. Fasham; 22. Amphibians D. Latham, E. Jones and M. Fasham; 23. Reptiles D. Latham, E. Jones and M. Fasham; 24. Birds S. Mustoe, D. Hill, D. Frost and G. Tucker; 25. Bats R. Stebbings, H. Mansfield and M. Fasham; 26. Other mammals A. Bennett, P. Ratcliffe, E. Jones, H. Mansfield and R. Sands; Acknowledgements; Glossary, Appendices; Recommended sources of further information; References; Index.