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Freedom of religion under the European Convention on Human Rights

Freedom of religion under the European Convention on Human Rights (1회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Evans, Carolyn, lecturer in law.
서명 / 저자사항
Freedom of religion under the European Convention on Human Rights / Carolyn Evans.
발행사항
Oxford ;   New York :   Oxford University Press ,   2001.  
형태사항
xxiv, 222 p. ; 24 cm.
총서사항
Oxford ECHR series
ISBN
0199243646 (alk. paper)
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references (p. [211]-217) and index.
일반주제명
Freedom of religion -- Europe.
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008 001107s2001 enk b 001 0 eng
010 ▼a 00065243
020 ▼a 0199243646 (alk. paper)
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d DLC ▼d 211009
043 ▼a e------
050 0 0 ▼a KJC5156 ▼b .E927 2001
082 0 0 ▼a 341.48 ▼2 22
090 ▼a 341.48 ▼b E92f
100 1 ▼a Evans, Carolyn, ▼c lecturer in law.
245 1 0 ▼a Freedom of religion under the European Convention on Human Rights / ▼c Carolyn Evans.
260 ▼a Oxford ; ▼a New York : ▼b Oxford University Press , ▼c 2001.
300 ▼a xxiv, 222 p. ; ▼c 24 cm.
440 0 ▼a Oxford ECHR series
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. [211]-217) and index.
630 0 0 ▼a Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms ▼d (1950)
650 0 ▼a Freedom of religion ▼z Europe.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/법학보존서고(법학도서관 지하2층)/ 청구기호 341.48 E92f 등록번호 111320587 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

목차


CONTENTS
Table of Authorities = xv
List of Abbreviations and Defined Terms = xxv
1 Introduction = 1
 1.1 SCOPE OF THE BOOK = 3
  1.1.1 Overview = 3
  1.1.2 Materials = 4
 1.2 AN OVERVIEW OF THE KEY PROVISIONS ON FREEDOM OF RELIGION AND BELIEF IN THE CONVENTION = 5
 1.3 THE ROLE OF THE COURT AND THE COMMISSION = 8
  1.3.1 Procedure of the Commission = 8
  1.3.2 Procedure of the Court = 9
  1.3.3 Changes Under Protocol 11 = 10
 1.4 ADMISSIBILITY = 11
 1.5 STANDING = 12
  1.5.1 Churches and Other Religious Organizations = 12
  1.5.2 Legal Persons = 14
 1.6 CONCLUSION = 15
2 Towards a Theory of Freedom of Religion or Belief = 18
 2.1 INTRODUCTION = 18
 2.2 RELIGION AND THE STATE IN EUROPE = 19
 2.3 INSTRUMENTAL ARGUMENTS = 22
 2.4 THE HISTORICAL JUSTIFICATION = 24
 2.5 RELIGIOUS ARGUMENTS = 25
 2.6 RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND RELIGIOUS TRUTH = 28
 2.7 AUTONOMY AND PLURALISM = 29
 2.8 CONCLUSION : IMPLICATIONS FOR INTERPRETATION = 32
3 Historical Background = 34
 3.1 THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS = 34
 3.2 DEVELOPMENTS TN THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE = 38
  3.2.1 The Limitations of the Travaux Pr$$e'$$paratoires = 38
  3.2.2 The Drafting of Article 9(1) : Freedom of Religion or Belief = 39
  3.2.3 The Drafting of Article 9(2) : Limitations on Freedom of Religion = 41
   3.2.3.1 Formulations of Article 9(2) = 41
   3.2.3.2 The Proposed Turkish/Swedish Amendments 42
   3.2.3.3 Scope of the Final Limitations Clause = 44
  3.2.4 The Drafting of Article 2, First Protocol : Belief and Education = 45
 3.3 RATIFICATION OF AND RESERVATIONS TO THE CONVENTION = 48
 3.4 CONCLUSION = 49
4 Defining Religion or Belief = 51
 4.1 INTRODUCTION = 51
 4.2 THE TEXT OF ARTICLE 9 = 52
 4.3 THE CASE LAW = 53
  4.3.1 A Generally Liberal Approach = 53
  4.3.2 Political and Philosophical Beliefs = 55
  4.3.3 individualized Religions or Beliefs = 57
 4.4 A BRIEF COMPARISON WITH ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES = 59
  4.4.1 International Law Definitions = 60
  4.4.2 Domestic Courts = 62
 4.5 CONCLUSION : A DEFINITION OF RELIGION AND BELIEF = 64
5 Freedom of Religion or Belief = 67
 5.1 THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FREEDOM = 67
 5.2 A POSITIVE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF = 69
 5.3 THE NEGATIVE OBLIGATION = 72
  5.3.1 The Primacy of the Private Sphere = 72
  5.3.2 The Internal/External Dichotomy = 74
  5.3.3 Burdens on Belief = 76
 5.4 THE STATE CHURCH = 80
  5.4.1 Financial Arrangements = 81
  5.4.2 Control over Church Personnel = 84
 5.5 FREEDOM OF RELIGION AND BELIEF AND THE FORUM INTERNUM IN EDUCATION = 88
  5.5.1 Background = 88
  5.5.2 The Scope of the School's Authority = 90
  5.5.3 The Limits on the School's Discretion = 92
  5.5.4 Application in Later Cases = 93
 5.6 FREEDOM TO CHANGE RELIGION OR BELIEF = 97
 5.7 CONCLUSION = 102
6 The Right to Manifest a Religion or Belief = 103
 6.1 INTRODUCTION = 103
 6.2 ALONE OR IN A COMMUNITY WITH OTHERS, IN PUBLIC OR IN PRIVATE = 103
 6.3 WORSHIP, TEACHING, PRACTICE, AND OBSERVANCE = 105
  6.3.1 The Exclusive or Inclusive Nature of the List = 105
  6.3.2 Worship and Observance = 107
  6.3.3 Teaching = 108
  6.3.4 Practice = 110
 6.4 THE ARROWSMITH CASE : THE NECESSITY TEST OF MANIFESTATION = 111
  6.4.1 Factual Background = 111
  6.4.2 The Decision of the Commission = 112
  6.4.3 Dissenting Opinions in Arrowsmith = 114
 6.5 THE ARROWSMITH TEST = 115
  6.5.1 The Nature of the Test = 115
  6.5.2 Application of the Arrowsmith Test = 116
  6.5.3 The Applicability of the Test Outside 'Practice' = 117
 6.6 ANALYSIS OF THE ARROWSMITH TEST = 120
  6.6.1 Methodology of the Court and Commission in Determining Necessity = 120
  6.6.2 Evidence of Necessity = 121
  6.6.3 Types of Belief Advantaged by Arrowsmith = 122
  6.6.4 Alternative Approaches to Manifestations = 123
  6.6.5 United Nations Material = 125
 6.7 'CONTRACTING OUT' OF RIGHTS = 127
  6.7.1 The Voluntary Model and State Churches = 128
  6.7.2 The Voluntary Model in Other Contexts = 129
 6.8 CONCLUSION = 132
7 Limitations on Manifestations of Religion or Belief = 133
 7.1 INTRODUCTION = 133
 7.2 THE APPROACH TO ARTICLE 9(1) IN CASES THAT DEAL WITH ARTICLE 9(2) = 134
  7.2.1 Cases That Do Not Address Article 9(1) Issues = 134
  7.2.2 Cases That Do Find a Breach of Article 9(1) = 135
 7.3 THE GENERAL APPROACH TO LIMITATION CLAUSES = 136
 7.4 PRESCRIBED BY LAW = 138
  7.4.1 The General Approach = 138
  7.4.2 Prescribed by Law and Article 9 = 139
 7.5 NECESSARY IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY = 142
  7.5.1 The Role of the State in Determining Necessity and the Margin of Appreciation = 142
  7.5.2 The Margin of Appreciation in Article 9 Cases = 143
  7.5.3 Proportionality = 145
 7.6 LEGITIMATE AIM = 147
 7.7 THE GROUNDS FOR RESTRICTING MANIFESTATIONS OF RELIGION OR BELIEF = 149
  7.7.1 Necessary in the Interests of Public Safety and for the Protection of Public Order = 149
  7.7.2 Necessary for the Protection of Health = 155
  7.7.3 Necessary for the Protection of Morals = 159
  7.7.4 Necessary for the Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Others = 160
 7.8 ARTICLE 15 = 165
 7.9 CONCLUSION = 166
8 Neutral and Generally Applicable Laws = 168
 8.1 INTRODUCTION = 168
 8.2 CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION TO MILITARY SERVICE = 170
  8.2.1 The Traditional Approach to Conscientious Objection : Article 4 as an Exception to Article 9 = 170
  8.2.2 The Traditional Approach to Discrimination Cases : Articles 9 and 14 = 173
  8.2.3 Developments in International Law = 175
  8.2.4 A New Approach to Conscientious Objection = 176
 8.3 THE CASE LAW ON GENERAL AND NEUTRAL LAWS = 179
  8.3.1 General and Neutral Laws and the Arrowsmith Test = 180
  8.3.2 A More General Principle = 181
  8.3.3 Inconsistency Towards General and Neutral Law Cases = 184
 8.4 A POLICY ANALYSIS OF THE GENERAL AND NEUTRAL LAW PROBLEM = 186
  8.4.1 The Article 9(1) Approach = 186
  8.4.2 The Burden on the State = 189
  8.4.3 The Social Anarchy Argument = 191
  8.4.4 Weakening of Article 9(2) = 194
  8.4.5 Minorities and Exemptions = 196
 8.5 CONCLUSION = 198
9 Conclusion = 200
 9.1 PROBLEMS WITH THE CONVENTION CASE LAW = 200
  9.1.1 Failure to Recognize the Importance of the Right = 200
  9.1.2 Inconsistency and Lack of Clarity = 202
  9.1.3 Evidence and Objectivity = 203
  9.1.4 Deference to States = 204
 9.2 RECONCEPTUALIZING FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF = 204
  9.2.1 Article 9(1) = 204
  9.2.2 Article 9(2) = 206
 9.3 TRENDS IN THE COURT = 207
 9.4 CONCLUSION = 208
Select Bibliography = 211
 BOOKS = 211
 CHAPTERS = 213
 ARTICLES AND REPORTS = 214
 COUNCIL OF EUROPE DOCUMENTS = 217
Index = 219


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