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World development indicators 1999

World development indicators 1999

자료유형
단행본
단체저자명
World Bank.
서명 / 저자사항
World development indicators 1999.
발행사항
Washington, DC :   World Bank ,   c1999.  
형태사항
xxv, 399 p. ; 28 cm + maps.
ISBN
0821343742
일반주제명
Economic development. Economic indicators. Social indicators. Developing countries. Developing countries -- Economic conditions -- Statistics. Developing countries -- Social conditions -- Statistics.
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020 ▼a 0821343742
040 ▼a EYG ▼c EYG ▼d 244002
049 0 ▼l 151081576 ▼f R
082 0 4 ▼a 338.9 ▼2 21
090 ▼a 338.9 ▼b W9272 ▼c 1999
245 0 0 ▼a World development indicators 1999.
260 ▼a Washington, DC : ▼b World Bank , ▼c c1999.
300 ▼a xxv, 399 p. ; ▼c 28 cm + ▼e maps.
650 0 ▼a Economic development.
650 0 ▼a Economic indicators.
650 0 ▼a Social indicators.
650 0 ▼a Developing countries.
650 0 ▼a Developing countries ▼x Economic conditions ▼x Statistics.
650 0 ▼a Developing countries ▼x Social conditions ▼x Statistics.
710 2 ▼a World Bank.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 세종학술정보원/사회과학실/참고 청구기호 R 338.9 W9272 1999 등록번호 151081576 도서상태 대출불가(열람가능) 반납예정일 예약 서비스

컨텐츠정보

목차


CONTENTS

Front matter

 Foreword = ⅴ

 Acknowledgments = ⅵ

 Preface = ⅶ

 Partners = xii

 Users guide = xxii

1 WORLD VIEW

 Introduction = 3

 International development goals = 10

  1.1 Size of the economy = 12

  1.2 Development progress = 16

  1.3 Gender differences = 20

  1.4 Trends in long-term economic development = 24

  1.5 Long-term structural change = 28

  1.6 Key indicators for other economies = 32

 Box

  1a Measuring the impact of the crisis on Indonesia's poor = 6

 Figures

  1a Gini coefficients in transition economies = 7

  1.1 Where money goes farther = 15

  1.4 Botswana and Mauritius are growing as fast as East Asian economies = 27

  1.5 Agriculture loses ground = 31

 Text tables

  1a Real GDP growth, 1991-2001 = 4

  1b Progress in social indicators = 5

  1c Estimated poverty in transition economies, 1987-88 and 1993-95 = 7

  1d Performance gaps and distance to goals = 8

  1e Regional average growth rates in real consumption needed to halve poverty in 25 years = 9

2 PEOPLE

 Introduction = 35

 Patterns of educational attainment = 40

  2.1 Population = 42

  2.2 Population dynamics = 46

  2.3 Labor force structure = 50

  2.4 Employment by economic activity = 54

  2.5 Unemployment = 58

  2.6 wages and productivity = 62

  2.7 Poverty = 66

  2.8 Distribution of income or consumption = 70

  2.9 Education inputs = 74

  2.10 Participation in education = 78

  2.11 Education outcomes = 82

  2.12 Gender and education = 86

  2.13 Health expenditure, services, and use = 90

  2.14 Access to health services = 94

  2.15 Reproductive health = 98

  2.16 Health : risk factors and future challenges = 102

  2.17 Confronting AIDS = 106

  2.18 Mortality = 110

 Boxes

  2a Strategies to improve girls' education = 38

  2b How countries stack up in student achievement = 39

  2.18 Life tables : an essential tool for mortality analysis = 113

 Figures

  2a High fertility is driving rapid growth in the school-age population in some regions = 36

  2b High enrollments are no guarantee of high achievement = 37

  2c Some developing countries have far to go to reach universal primary enrollment = 37

  2d Female enrollments do not respond to income growth = 38

  2.1 The aging population = 45

  2.2 International migration adds to population growth in industrial countries... but not in developing countries = 49

  2.3 Does rapid increase in the labor force depress growth and living standards? = 53

  2.9 Private spending on education is sizable in some low-and middle-income countries = 77

  2.12 Girls' enrollments continue to lag = 89

 Text tables

  2.4a Nonagricultural labor force working in gender-dominated occupations = 57

  2.5a Countries by type of social security program, selected years = 61

  2.13a Public health spending in low-income countries, 1990-97 = 93

3 ENVIRONMENT

 Introduction = 115

 Water = 118

  3.1 Land use and deforestation = 120

  3.2 Agricultural inputs = 124

  3.3 Agricultural output and productivity = 128

  3.4 Biodiversity and protected areas = 132

  3.5 Freshwater = 136

  3.6 Water pollution = 140

  3.7 Energy production and use = 144

  3.8 Energy efficiency and emissions = 148

  3.9 Sources of electricity = 152

  3.10 Urbanization = 156

  3.11 Urban environment = 160

  3.12 Traffic and congestion = 164

  3.13 Air pollution = 168

  3.14 Government commitment = 170

  3.15 Toward a measure of genuine savings = 174

 Boxes

  3a The environmental challenges of urbanization = 116

  3b Measuring the environment = 116

 Figures

  3.1 The countries with the highest deforestation rates in 1990-95 = 123

  3.2 The world is growing more cereal = 127

  3.3a Cereal yield has grown fastest in high-income countries... = 131

  3.3b ...but food production overall has grown most in middle-income countries = 131

  3.4 High-income economies have the largest share of protected land area = 135

  3.6 China and India accounted for a large share of the emissions of organic water pollutants in 1994... and have not seen the decline in these emissions seen elsewhere = 143

  3.7 Four countries accounted for almost 40 percent of commercial energy use in 1996 = 147

  3.8a Historical trends show accelerating growth in global CO2 emissions ... = 151

  3.8b ...and a rising average temperature at the earth's surface = 151

  3.9 Coal still dominates in global electricity generation = 155

  3.10 The world's urban population continues to boom = 159

  3.11 Household sewerage connections remain scarce in many cities = 163

  3.12 Bicycles outpace cars in world production = 167

  3.14 Climate change and biodiversity at the fore = 171

 Text table

  3.14a Status of national environmental action plans = 170

4 ECONOMY

 Introduction = 179

 Performance and prospects, 1997-2001 = 182

  4.1 Growth of output = 188

  4.2 Structure of output = 192

  4.3 Structure of manufacturing = 196

  4.4 Growth of merchandise trade = 200

  4.5 Structure of merchandise exports = 204

  4.6 Structure of merchandise imports = 208

  4.7 Structure of service exports = 212

  4.8 Structure of service imports = 216

  4.9 Structure of demand = 220

  4.10 Growth of consumption and investment = 224

  4.11 Structure of consumption in PPP terms = 228

  4.12 Relative prices in PPP terms = 231

  4.13 Central government, finances = 234

  4.14 Central government expenditures = 238

  4.15 Central government revenues = 242

  4.16 Monetary indicators and prices = 246

  4.17 Balance of payments current account = 250

  4.18 External debt = 254

  4.19 External a debt management = 258

 Figures

  4.3 Dominant countries drive regional trends in manufacturing growth = 199

  4.5 A strong trend toward manufactures among the top developing country exporters = 207

  4.6 The structure of imports looks much the same across regions = 211

  4.7 Developing countries are garnering a growing share of service exports = 215

  4.8 A shifting dominance in service imports = 219

  4.10 Regional trends in gross domestic investment = 227

  4.12 Health care services are relatively expensive in high-income economies... but capital investment is far more expensive in low- and middle-income economies = 233

  4.13 Worsening fiscal balances in most of East Asia = 237

  4.15 Social security taxes account for a large share of current revenue in high-income countries... and a large share in many middle-income countries = 245

  4.17 Current account deficits as a corollary to growth = 253

  4.18 World Bank and IMF lending expands in the regions most at risk of financial crisis = 257

  4.19A growing reliance on short-term financing in East Asia = 261

 Text tables

  4a Recent economic performance = 184

  4b Key macroeconomic indicators = 185

5 STATES AND MARKETS

 Introduction = 263

 Good governance matters = 268

  5.1 Credit, investment, and expenditure = 270

  5.2 Stock markets = 274

  5.3 Portfolio investment regulation and risk = 278

  5.4 Financial depth and efficiency = 282

  5.5 Tax policies = 286

  5.6 Relative prices and exchange rates = 290

  5.7 Defense expenditures and trade in arms = 294

  5.8 State-owned enterprises = 298

  5.9 Transport infrastructure = 302

  5.10 Power and communications = 306

  5.11 The information age = 310

  5.12 Science and technology = 314

 BOX

  5a The World Bank's anticorruption strategy = 264

 Figures

  5a Where does corruption occur most in Georgia? = 265

  5b Microeconomic factors played the biggest part in recent banking crises = 265

  5.1 Several transition economies rank high in foreign direct investment = 273

  5.2 The top 10 emerging stock markets in 1997 = 277

  5.10 People in high-income economies still have far better access to telephones = 309

  5.11 Latin America ranks highest among developing regions in access to personal computers... but Europe and Central Asia has the best access to the Internet = 313

6 GLOBAL LINKS

 Introduction = 319

 Financial flows. 1990-98 = 322

  6.1 Integration with the global economy = 324

  6.2 Direction and growth of merchandise trade = 328

  6.3 DEOD trade with low-and middle-income economies = 331

  6.4 Primary commodity prices = 334

  6.5 Regional trade blocs = 336

  6.6 Tariff barriers = 340

  6.7 Global financial flows = 344

  6.8 Net financial flows from Development Assistance Committee members = 348

  6.9 Aid flows from Development Assistance Committee members = 350

  6.10 Aid dependency = 352

  6.11 Distribution of net aid by Development Assistance Committee members = 356

  6.12 Net financial flows from multilateral institutions = 360

  6.13 Foreign labor and population in OECD countries = 364

  6.14 Traxel and tourism = 366

 Box

  6a The dependence on aid = 320

 Figures

  6.1 Large capital flows relative to GDP reflect extensive integration with global capital markets = 327

  6.3 Manufactures dominate U.S. and European trade with developing economies = 333

  6.9 Aid flows fell again in 1997 = 351

  6.10 Countries receiving aid amounting to more than 15 percent of their GNP = 355

  6.11 Poor economies were not the sole recipients of aid from the top donors in 1997 = 359

  6.12 Nonconcessional lending by the World Bank increased sharply in 1997 = 363

  6.13 OECD countries drew immigrants from around the world in 1997 = 365

  6.14 Countries with tourism receipts accounting for more than 15 percent of exports in 1997 = 369

 Text tables

  6.8a Official development assistance from non-DAC donors = 349

Back matter

 Statistical methods = 371

 Primary data documentation = 373

 Acronyms and abbreviations = 381

 Credits = 382

 Bibliography = 384

 Index of indicators = 391

 Distributors of Bank publications = 400

 Order form = 401



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