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The acoustics of speech communication : fundamentals, speech perception theory, and technology

The acoustics of speech communication : fundamentals, speech perception theory, and technology (7회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Pickett, J. M. (James M.)
서명 / 저자사항
The acoustics of speech communication : fundamentals, speech perception theory, and technology / J.M. Pickett.
발행사항
Boston :   Allyn and Bacon,   c1999.  
형태사항
xii, 404 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0205198872
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references (p. 373-393) and index.
일반주제명
Speech perception. Speech -- Physiological aspects. Psychoacoustics. Phonetics. Auditory perception. Speech Acoustics.
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008 980811s1999 maua b 001 0 eng
010 ▼a 98038945
020 ▼a 0205198872
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d NLM ▼d 211009
049 ▼l 111241703
050 0 0 ▼a BF463.S64 ▼b P5 1999
060 0 0 ▼a 2001 F-336
060 1 0 ▼a WV 501 ▼b P597a 1999
082 0 0 ▼a 153.7/5 ▼2 21
090 ▼a 153.75 ▼b P597a
100 1 ▼a Pickett, J. M. ▼q (James M.)
245 1 4 ▼a The acoustics of speech communication : ▼b fundamentals, speech perception theory, and technology / ▼c J.M. Pickett.
260 ▼a Boston : ▼b Allyn and Bacon, ▼c c1999.
300 ▼a xii, 404 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 373-393) and index.
650 0 ▼a Speech perception.
650 0 ▼a Speech ▼x Physiological aspects.
650 0 ▼a Psychoacoustics.
650 0 ▼a Phonetics.
650 0 ▼a Auditory perception.
650 1 2 ▼a Speech Acoustics.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 153.75 P597a 등록번호 111241703 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

책소개

This is the only book to relate all three of the currently interactive areas of speech science-acoustic phonetics, speech perception, and speech technology. The book presents a gradual course, starting with a clear tutorial approach to basic speech then leading to speech perception research, the various theories of speech perception, and the modern speech technologies of computer synthesis and recognition of speech messages. The aim is to bring the reader through basic acoustics, spectrum analysis, vowel and consonant acoustics, and into the research literature of speech perception technology. The basic acoustic theory of speech production, the Source-Filter Theory, is clarified via text and diagrams. This knowledge is then applied to interpreting spectrograms of speech examples that sample all the phonetic distinctions among vowels and consonants. Distinctive acoustical patterns for vowel and consonant perception by listeners are summarized in detail based on the research literature. Critical discussions provide theories of motor, auditory, and computer recognition of speech. Consonant and vowel recognition by the hearing-impaired is described in relation to acoustic phonetic distinctions. Techniques of speech synthesis, recognition analysis by machines, and speech technologies are thoroughly explained. Anyone interested in speech acoustics, acoustic phonetics, speech and hearing science, psychoacoustics, and speech perception at any level.


정보제공 : Aladin

목차


CONTENTS
PREFACE = xi
PART ONE ACOUSTIC PHONETICS : SPEECH ENCODING FROM ARTICULATION TO SOUND STREAM = 1
  CHAPTER 1 LANGUAGE, PHONETICS, AND SPEECH PRODUCTION = 3
    Introduction : Language and Science = 3
    How Significants Is Acoustic Phonetics? = 5
    Linguistics, Phonetics, and Phonology = 5
    General Coditions of Speech Production = 8
      Phonology Note : Consonants versus Vowels = 12
    Speech Sound Sources = 13
      Phonology Note : Transients in Languages = 13
    Summary = 13
  CHAPTER 2 SOUNDS, RESONANCE, AND SPECTRUM ANALYSIS = 15
    Sound Production and Propagation = 15
    Simple Harmonic Motion = 17
    Definitions of Sine Wave Characteristics = 18
    Resonance = 20
    Definition of Resonant Frequency = 22
    Spectrum Analysis = 24
    Definitions of Spectrum Terms = 25
    Spectra of Recurring Resonant Oscillations = 26
    Definitions of Harmonics = 28
    Resonant Waves, Spectrum Plots, and Speech Waves = 29
    Aperiodic Speech Sounds = 33
    Summary = 33
  CHAPTER 3 VOWEL SHAPING AND VOWEL FORMANTS = 35
    Model of the Pharyngeal-Oral Tract = 35
    Spectrum of the Neutral Vowel [∂] = 36
    Definition of Speech Formants = 37
    Vowel Formant Locations and Length of Pharyngeal-Oral Tract = 38
    Vocal Tract Constrictions and Formant Frequency Locations = 40
    Formants of Model Vowels = 44
    Central Vowels = 45
      Phonology Note : Varieties of Central Vowels = 45
    Summary = 45
  CHAPTER 4 THE GLOTTAL SOUND SOURCE AND THE SPECTRA OF VOWELS = 47
    The Glottal Sound Source = 47
    The Phonation Mechanism = 48
    The Spectrum of the Glottal Sound Source = 52
    Source-Filter Theory of Vowel Production = 57
    Visualizing Speech Sounds = 62
    Anatomy of a Spectrogram = 64
    Spectrograms of Vowels = 68
    Nasalization of Vowels = 70
    Phonemic Nasal Vowels = 71
    Summary = 73
  CHAPTER 5 PROSODIC AND TONAL FEATURES = 75
    Introduction : Telling What and How = 75
    Parenting Speech = 76
    Prosodic Features of Language Forms = 76
    Glottal Source Factors in Stress and Intonation = 78
    Durational Prosodic Features = 86
    Oral Tract Shapping Factor = 89
    Intonation in Discourse = 92
    Pacing, Rhythm, and Languages = 96
    Tone Languages = 96
    Summary = 97
  CHAPTER 6 CONSONANT FEATURES, CLIDES, AND STOPS = 99
    Articulatory Features of Consonants = 99
    Distinctive Features = 101
    Glide Consonants and Diphthongs = 102
    Glide and Voiced Stop = 105
    Glide and Stop at Middle Place = 107
    Lateral and Retroflex Glides = 108
    Effects of Utterance Position = 110
    Summary = 110
  CHAPTER 7 CONSONANTS : NASAL, STOP, AND FRICATIVE MANNERS OF ARTICULATION = 113
    Nasal Consonants = 113
    Nasal-Glide-Stop Differences = 113
      Phonology Note : Voiceless Nasals = 113
    Fricative Consonants = 118
    Summary = 121
  CHAPTER 8 CONSONANTS : THE VOICED-UNVOICED CONTRAST = 122
    Production of the Voiced-Voiceless Distinction = 122
      Phonology Note : Laryngeal Varieties of Consonants = 122
    Acoustics of Consonant Voicing = 124
    Voiced versus Unvoiced Final Consonants = 127
    Voiced and Unvoiced Fricatives = 128
    Physiologicla Studies of Consonant Voicing = 128
    Physiological Studies of Fricative Voicing = 130
    Summary = 131
  CHAPTER 9 CONSONANTS : FEATURES OF PLACE OF ARTICULATION = 132
    Phonology Note : Places of Articulation = 132
    Formant Transitions of Alveolar versus Labial Consonants = 132
    Consonant Place : Transition with Different Vowels = 134
    Place Features of Nasal Consonants = 138
    Place Features of Fricative Consonants = 138
    Summary = 141
  CHAPTER 10 THE FLOW OF SPEECH = 142
    Coarticulation = 143
    Model of Speech Motor Programming = 146
    The Syllable as Coarticulation Unit = 146
    Effects of Rate of Utterance = 147
    Assimilation between Adjacent Consonants = 147
      Phonology Note : Motor Coordination = 149
    Summary = 150
PART TWO SPEECH DECONDING BY HYMAN AND MACHINE : FROM SOUND STREAM TO WORDS = 151
  CHAPTER 11 PERCEPTION OF VOWELS : DYNAMIC CONSTANCY / Winifred Strange = 153
    Perception of Steady-State Vowels = 154
    Speaker Normalization in Vowel Perception = 157
    Perception of Coarticulated Vowels = 160
    Summary = 165
  CHAPTER 12 PERCEPTION OF CONSONANTS : FROM VARIANCE TO INVARIANCE / Winifred Strange = 166
    Perceptual Boundaries of Consonant Categories = 166
    Categorical Perception of Speech Continua = 168
    Perception of Nonspeech Analogs = 174
    Perceptual Integration of Acoustic Cues = 177
    Context and Rate Effects on Phonetic Category Boundaries = 179
    Summary = 181
  CHAPTER 13 AUDITORY CAPACITIES AND PHONOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT : ANIMA, BABY, AND FOREIGN LISTENERS / Sarah Hawkins = 183
    Background : Does Phonological Perception Use Special Auditory Processes? = 183
    Auditory Processes? = 183
    Techniques for Studying Babies' Speech Perception = 184
    Categorical Perception by Babies = 187
    Speech Sound Classification by Babies : Prototypes and the "Perceptual Magnet Effect" = 188
    Speech Sound Discrimination by Animals = 192
    The Effect of Experience on Speech Sound Discrimination = 194
    Development Loss or Selective Attention? The Effect of Retraining = 196
    Summary = 197
  CHAPTER 14 LOOKING FOR INVARIATE CORRELATES OF LINGUISTIC UNITS : TWO CLASSICAL THEORIES OF SPEECH PERCEPTION / Sarah Hawkins = 198
    Defining the Task of Speech Perception = 198
    Overview of Acoustic-Phonetic Theories of Speech Perception = 199
    Introduction to Two Classical Theories of Speech Perception = 200
    The Motor Theory of Speech Perception = 200
    Acoustical Invariants : The Quantal Theory of Speech, Relational Acoustic Invariance, and Lexical Access from Features (LAFF) = 214
  CHAPTER 15 REEVALUATING ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT SPEECH PERCEPTION : INTERACTIVE AND INTEGRATIVE THEORIES / Sarah Hawkins = 232
    What Have We Learned from the Classical Theories? = 232
    Invatiance in the Percept but Not the Object : The Theory of Direct Realism = 233
    A General Auditory Model without Acoustic Variance : Auditory Enhancement Theory = 240
    Categories of Sound? = 248
    Toward a More Comprehensive Theory of Speech Perception = 260
    Summary = 282
  CHAPTER 16 HEARING LOSS AND THE AUDIBILITY OF PHONEME CUES / Sally G. Revoile = 289
    Consonant Acoustic-Cue Use by a Hypothetical Profoundly Hard of Hearing Person = 290
    Phoneme Acoustic-Cue Use by a Hypothetical Severely Hard of Hearing Person = 300
    Phoneme Acoustic-Cue Use by a Hypothetical Moderately Hard of Hearing Person = 308
  CHAPTER 17 SPEECH TECHNOLOGY = 324
    Speech Machines (J.M.Pickett ; Juergen Schroeter) = 324
    Speech Synthesis (Corine Bickley ; Ann Syrdal ; Juergen Schroeter) = 325
    Speech Recognition by Machine (Diane Kewley-Port) = 335
APPENDIXED
  A EXPERIMENTING WITH SPEECH = 343
  B SKETCHES OF SOME INTERESTING BOOKS FOR PHONETICIANS = 352
REFERENCES = 373
INDEX = 395

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