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Averting the old age crisis : policies to protect the old and promote growth

Averting the old age crisis : policies to protect the old and promote growth (11회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
단체저자명
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
서명 / 저자사항
Averting the old age crisis : policies to protect the old and promote growth.
발행사항
Oxford ;   New York :   Published for the World Bank [by] Oxford University Press,   c1994.  
형태사항
xxiii, 402 : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm.
총서사항
A World Bank policy research report, 1020-0851
ISBN
0195209966
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references (p. 375-398).
일반주제명
Old age pensions. Retirement income. Aged -- Economic conditions. Old age assistance. Economic security.
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008 940428s1994 enka b i000 0 eng
010 ▼a 94016614
020 ▼a 0195209966
035 ▼a KRIC00291348
040 ▼a 211032 ▼c 211032 ▼d 211009
049 1 ▼l 111226914
050 0 0 ▼a HD7105.3 ▼b .A94 1994
082 0 0 ▼a 331.25/2 ▼2 21
090 ▼a 331.252 ▼b A953
245 0 0 ▼a Averting the old age crisis : ▼b policies to protect the old and promote growth.
260 ▼a Oxford ; ▼a New York : ▼b Published for the World Bank [by] Oxford University Press, ▼c c1994.
300 ▼a xxiii, 402 : ▼b ill. (some col.) ; ▼c 24 cm.
440 2 ▼a A World Bank policy research report, ▼x 1020-0851
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 375-398).
650 0 ▼a Old age pensions.
650 0 ▼a Retirement income.
650 0 ▼a Aged ▼x Economic conditions.
650 0 ▼a Old age assistance.
650 0 ▼a Economic security.
710 2 ▼a International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 331.252 A953 등록번호 111226914 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

목차


CONTENTS
Foreword = xiii
The Report Team = xv
Acknowledgments = xvii
Definitions = xix
Overview = 1
 Old Age Security Problems around the World = 3
 The Government and Old Age Security = 5
 Toward a Multipillar System = 10
 How to Get There = 19
 Conclusion = 22
 Notes = 23
1 Growing Older = 25
 The Graying of the World's Population = 27
 Informal Systems of Old Age Support and Their Breakdown = 32
 Why Should Governments Get Involved? The Failures of the Marketplace = 36
 How Have Governments Responded? = 38
 Plan of This Report = 47
 Note = 48
2 Informal Arrangements = 49
 The Diversity of Informal Systems = 50
 What Makes Informal Support Systems Run? = 55
 Signs of Breakdown = 60
 Interactions between Public and Private Transfers: Crowding Out and Crowding In = 66
 Policies to Keep Family Support Systems Afloat = 67
3 Policy Choices for Formal Systems = 73
 Voluntary or Mandatory Mechanisms? How Much Mandatory Coverage? = 74
 Saving or Redistribution―and the Link between Benefits and Contributions = 76
 Bearing the Risks: Defined Benefits or Defined Contributions? = 83
 Financing the Plans: Funded or Pay-as-You-Go? = 87
 Should Pension Reserves Be Publicly or Privately Managed? = 93
 Which Pillars, Which Design Features? = 96
4 Public Pension Plans = 101
 The Evolution of Publicly Financed Old Age Pensions = 102
 How Public Pension Plans Work = 109
 How Public Pension Plans Affect the Economy = 120
 Who Benefits and Who Loses? = 130
 The Financial Unsustainability of the Public Pillar = 138
 Conclusion = 156
5 Occupational Pension Plans = 165
 Brief History = 166
 How Occupational Plans Work = 167
 Economic Impact = 172
 Who Benefits and Who Loses? = 184
 Regulatory Issues = 187
 Conclusion = 198
6 Personal Savings Plans―Becoming Mandatory? = 201
 Brief History = 203
 How Mandatory Retirement Saving Schemes Wock = 204
 Impact on the Broader Economy = 208
 Do Mandatory Saving Schemes Redistribute Income and Alleviate Poverty? = 216
 Regulatory Issues in Decentralized Schemes = 218
 Conclusion = 229
7 Putting the Pillars Together = 233
 The Reasons for a Multipillar System = 234
 Choosing the Public Pillar―to Alleviate Poverty = 239
 Choosing the Mandatory Funded Pillar―for Efficiency and Growth = 244
 The Voluntary (Personal or Occupational) Pillar = 247
 Putting the Pillars Together = 248
 Conclusion = 254
8 Transitions = 255
 Laying the Groundwork: Countries with Young Populations = 255
 Young but Rapidly Aging Economies = 258
 Gradual Transitions in Middle Age = 261
 Middle-Aged Countries in Trouble―Considering Radical Reform = 263
 The Politics of Transition = 270
 Countries in Transition = 273
 Concluding Thoughts = 291
Note = 292
Issue Briefs = 293
 1 How Much Should a Pension Pay Out? The Target "Wage Replacement Rate = 293
 2 Pay-as-You-Go or Fully Funded―Which Costs Less? = 297
 3 Pay-as-You-Go under the Demographic Transition = 303
 4 Impact of Pension Financing on Saving = 307
 5 Comparing Administrative Expenses of Alternative Pension Schemes = 311
 6 The Life Cycle of Pay-as-You-Go Public Pension Schemes = 315
 7 Evasion = 319
 8 Public Pensions and Retirement = 321
 9 Redistribution between Generations = 325
 10 Annuity Market Problems and How to Resolve Them = 329
 11 Simulations of Alternative Multipillar Systems = 333
 12 Simulation of an Eastern European Transition = 339
Appendix: Statistical Tables = 343
Bibliography = 375
For Further Reading = 399
Data Notes = 401


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