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Advanced software applications in Japan

Advanced software applications in Japan

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Feigenbaum, Edward A.
서명 / 저자사항
Advanced software applications in Japan / principal authors, Edward Feigenbaum ... [et al.].
발행사항
Park Ridge, N.J. :   Noyes Data Corp.,   c1995.  
형태사항
xxi, 653 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
총서사항
Advanced computing and telecommunications series
ISBN
0815513607
일반주기
Based on four reports: Knowledge based systems in Japan (1993); Database use and technology in Japan (1993); Machine translation in Japan (1992); Advanced computing in Japan (1900).  
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references (p. 631-653).
일반주제명
Application software -- Japan.
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008 940816s1995 njua b 000 0 eng
010 ▼a 94023430
020 ▼a 0815513607
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049 1 ▼l 111217652
050 0 0 ▼a QA76.76.A65 ▼b A33 1995
082 0 0 ▼a 338.4/700633/0952 ▼2 21
090 ▼a 338.47006 ▼b A244
245 0 0 ▼a Advanced software applications in Japan / ▼c principal authors, Edward Feigenbaum ... [et al.].
260 ▼a Park Ridge, N.J. : ▼b Noyes Data Corp., ▼c c1995.
300 ▼a xxi, 653 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 27 cm.
440 0 ▼a Advanced computing and telecommunications series
500 ▼a Based on four reports: Knowledge based systems in Japan (1993); Database use and technology in Japan (1993); Machine translation in Japan (1992); Advanced computing in Japan (1900).
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 631-653).
650 0 ▼a Application software ▼z Japan.
700 1 ▼a Feigenbaum, Edward A.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 338.47006 A244 등록번호 111217652 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

목차


CONTENTS
PART Ⅰ KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS IN JAPAN
 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY = 2
 1. INTRODUCTION / Robert S. Engelmore ; Edward Feigenbaum = 6
  Expert Systems and Artificial Intelligence = 6
   The Building Blocks of Expert Systems = 7
   Knowledge Engineering = 9
   Tools, Shells, and Skeletons = 10
   Bricks and Mortar = 10
  The Applications of Expert Systems = 11
   Diagnosis and Tourbleshooting of Devices and Systems of All Kinds = 11
   Planning and Scheduling = 11
   Configuration of Manufactured Objects from Subassemblies = 12
   Financial Decision Making = 12
   Knowledge Publishing = 12
   Process Monitoring and Control = 12
   Design and Manufacturing = 13
  Benefits to End Users = 13
  The Expert Systems Business = 13
   Current Business Trends = 14
  Advanced Research in Knowledge-Based Systems : Inventing the Next Generation = 14
   Knowledge Representation = 15
   Knowledge Use = 15
   Knowledge Acquisition = 15
   Other Areas of Investigation = 15
  Design of the JTEC Study Group on Knowledge-Based Systems and the Selection of Japanese Sites = 16
 2. APPLICATIONS OF KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS IN JAPAN / Edward Feigenbaum ; Peter E. Friedland ; Bruce B. Johnson ; Howard Shrobe = 18
  Introduction = 18
  Trends in AI Applications in Japan = 19
  Case Studies of High-Impact Systems = 22
   Case 1 : Modular House Configuration(sekisui Heim) = 22
   Case 2 : Aircraft Crew Scheduling(JAL) = 27
   Case 3 : Blast Furnace Control(NKK) = 31
  Types of Applications = 34
   Diagnosis and Troubleshooting = 34
   Planning and Scheduling = 36
   Configuration of Manufactured Objects from subassemblies = 37
   Process Monitoring and Control = 37
   Software Engineering = 38
  Company-Specific Applications = 39
   Fujitsu = 39
   Hitachi = 40
   NEC = 44
   NTT = 44
   Nippon Steel = 45
   NKK = 46
   Mitsubishi Electric = 47
   Tokyo Electric Power Company(TEPCO) = 48
   Obayashi Corporation = 49
  Observations and Conclusions = 50
 3. TOOLS AND INFRASTRUCTURE FOR KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS / H. Penny Nii = 51
  Introduction = 51
  Expert systems Building Tools : Definitions = 51
   ES Building Tools on the Market = 53
   Market Trends = 56
   Novel Features : Fuzzy Logic and Neural Networks = 60
  Profile of a Tool : ES/KERNEL2 = 61
  Profile of a Tool Vendor : Hitachi = 64
  Infrastructure : Industrial Research and Technology Transfer = 65
   Toshiba Corporation Profile = 65
   Infrastructure for Technology Transfer = 67
  Observation and Conclusions = 68
 4. ADVANCED KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS RESEARCH / Edward Feigenbaum ; Peter E. Friedland = 70
  University Research = 70
   Kyoto University = 71
   Osaka University = 72
   RCAST(University of Tokyo) = 73
   AIST, Nara and JAIST, Hokuriku = 75
  Industrial Research = 76
   NEC = 76
   Fujitsu = 77
   NTT = 77
 5. NATIONAL AI RESEARCH PROJECTS / Edward Feigenbaum ; Peter E. Friedland ; Howard Shrobe = 78
  Introduction = 78
  Electronic Dictionary Research(EDR) Project = 78
   History and Goals = 78
   Accomplishments = 79
   Evaluation = 84
   Next Steps : The Knowledge Archives Projcet = 86
  ICOT = 90
   History and Goals = 90
   Accomplishment-Hardware = 93
   Accomplishment-Software = 100
   KLI Development = 103
   Evaluation = 104
  Fuzzy Logic Research and Life = 107
   History and Goals = 107
   About Fuzzy Logic = 108
   Current and Future Activities = 109
  Real World Computing (RWC) Project = 109
 6. INTEGRATION OF ES WITH CONVENTIONAL DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS / Bruce B. Johnson = 111
  Introduction = 111
  Integration with Physical Systems = 111
  Integration of Problem-Solving Techniques = 113
  Future Visions = 113
  Analysis = 114
   Tool Investment = 114
   Access to Products = 114
   Artificial Barriers = 114
 7. BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE / Herbert Schorr = 115
  History and Trends = 115
  Business Advantages of KBS Technology = 116
  Business Impact on the Japanese Computer Manufacturers(JCMs) = 117
   Observations on Business and Technology = 118
  Business Impact on Non-JCM Companies = 119
  Comparison with Conventional Data Processing = 121
  Problems with Current Generation KBS Technology = 123
   Knowledge Acquisition = 123
   Knowledge Maintenance = 123
   Lack of Transferability = 123
   Little Reuse of Knowledge = 123
   No Case Methodology = 124
   Expected Programmer Productivity = 124
   High Cost of Producing User Interface = 124
   Poor Performance = 124
   Programmer Education = 124
  Are Knowledge-Based Systems a Business? = 124
  Conclusions = 125
 8. CONCLUSIONS / Edward Feigenbaum = 127
  Business Sector Applications of Expert Systems in Japan = 127
  Knowledge-Based Systems Research in Japan = 129
  ICOT Research Program Progress = 130
  EDR Program Progress = 130
 APPENDICES = 132
  Appendix A : Professional Experience of Panel Members = 132
  Appendix B : Professional Experience of Other Team Members = 135
  Appendix C : Questionnaire = 137
   Industrial Applications = 137
   Advance Knowledge-Based Systems Research = 140
   ICOT = 141
   Electronic Dictionary Research Project = 142
   Real World Computing Program = 143
  Appendix D : Sites Visited by JTEC Team = 144
   Universities = 144
   National Projects = 144
   Companies = 144
   Publications = 144
  Appendix E : Site Reports = 145
   Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. = 145
   Hitachi Systems Development Laboratory, Ltd. = 149
   Japan Air Lines = 153
   Mitsubishi Electirc Corporation(MELCO) = 156
   NEC R&D Center = 160
   Nippon Steel Corporation = 165
   NKK Kawasaki Facility = 170
   NTT Yokosuka Laboratories = 175
   Obayashi Corporation = 179
   Sekisui Chemical = 182
   Tokyo Electric Power Company(TEPCO) = 186
   Toshiba Corporation = 191
   Other Sites Visited = 197
  Appendix F : Bibliography = 198
  Appendix G : Glossary = 202
PART Ⅱ. DATABASE USE AND TECHNOLOGY IN JAPAN
 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY = 204
 1. INTRODUCTION = 210
  1.1 Coverage = 210
  1.2 Motivation = 210
  1.3 Overview = 210
 2. DATABASE RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE = 212
  2.1 Role of the Japanese Government in Database Activities = 212
   2.1.1 The Japanese Government's Structure and Use of Database = 212
   2.1.2 MITI = 214
   2.1.3 Science and Technology Agency = 215
   2.1.4 MONBUSHO = 216
  2.2 Funding Sources = 218
  2.3 International Collaboration = 218
  2.4 U.S. Influence and Faddism = 218
  2.5 Conclusions = 218
 3. TECHNOLOGY TOPICS = 219
  3.1 Object Databases = 219
   3.1.1 What is an Object Database? = 219
   3.1.2 Industrial Projects in Object Database Systems = 221
   3.1.3 Multimedia Database = 223
   3.1.4 University Projects = 223
   3.1.5 Obase Consortium = 224
   3.1.6 Summary = 225
  3.2 Knowledge Bases = 226
   3.2.1 Past Research = 226
   3.2.2 Current Research = 226
  3.3 Multimedia Database Systems = 227
   3.3.1 Background = 227
   3.3.2 Technology Drivers = 228
   3.3.3 Technology Survey = 230
   3.3.4 Character Recognition = 232
   3.3.5 Conclusions = 234
  3.4 Interoperabel Databases = 236
   3.4.1 Current State = 236
   3.4.2 Interoperability and Standards = 236
   3.4.3 Conclusion = 237
  3.5 Database Hardware = 238
   3.5.1 Research and Development = 238
   3.5.2 Special Purpose VLSI Components = 239
   3.5.3 Vector Processors = 239
   3.5.4 Intelligent Disks and Accelerator = 240
   3.5.5 Parallel Processing = 240
   3.5.6 Pipelined Operations = 241
   3.5.7 Jukebox = 241
   3.5.8 Conclusion = 241
  3.6 Security = 243
  3.7 Database Tools = 244
  3.8 Database Management Systems(DBMSs) = 245
   3.8.1 Database Management Systems of Japanese Origin = 245
   3.8.2 Other DBMSs Mentioned in this Report = 246
   3.8.3 Adaptation to the Japanese Market = 246
  3.9 Summary = 247
 4. DBMS PRODUCT INFRASTRUCTURE = 248
  4.1 DBMS Technology Channels = 248
  4.2 DBMS Market Drivers = 249
  4.3 Japanese Positioning = 249
   4.3.1 Japanese OTS Database Products = 249
   4.3.2 The OEM Channel in Japan = 249
   4.3.3 System Integration = 250
  4.4 The Japanese Response to the Global Database Market = 250
  4.5 Observations = 251
 5. DATABASE USE INDUSTRY = 252
  5.1 Database Search Services = 252
   5.1.1 Points of Comparison = 252
  5.2 Databases as Export Products = 255
  5.3 Database Technology = 260
  5.4 Summary Assessment = 261
 6. Summary = 263
  6.1 Multimedia Databases = 263
  6.2 Government and Database Research and Development = 263
 APPENDICES = 265
  Participants' Biographies = 265
  Sites Visited and Contacts = 269
  Trip Reports = 274
 BIBLIOGRAPHY = 311
PART Ⅲ. MACHINE TRANSLATION IN JAPAN
 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY = 336
 1. INTRODUCTION : MACHINE TRANSLATION IN JAPAN AND THE U.S. / Jaime Carbonell = 338
  1.1 The State of the Art in Machine Translation = 338
  1.2 The Role of Machine Translation = 338
  1.3 An Historical Sketch of Machine Translation = 339
  1.4 The Japanese View of Machine Translation = 342
  1.5 A Comparative Analysis of Japanese and U.S. Machine Translation = 343
  1.6 Paradigms for Machine Translation = 350
  1.7 Structure of the Report = 353
 2. TECHNICAL INFRASTRUCTURE / David Johnson = 354
  2.1 Overview of the Translation Process = 354
  2.2 Translation Stages of the Linguistic Processor = 356
  2.3 Analysis = 358
  2.4 Transfer = 362
  2.5 Generation = 369
 3. LANGUAGES AND APPLICATION DOMAINS / Muriel Vasconcellos = 371
  3.1 Current Range of Source and Target Languages = 371
  3.2 Addition of New Source and Target Languages = 374
  3.3 Application Domains, Domain Adaptability = 375
 4. KNOWLEDGE SOURCES FOR MACHINE TRANSLATION / Yorick Wilks = 377
  4.1 Overview of Knowledge Sources = 377
  4.2 Use of Knowledge Sources in Specific Japanese MT Systems = 378
  4.3 Knowledge Sources and Linguistic Theory = 379
  4.4 Lexicon Samples = 382
 5. LIFE CYCLE OF MACHINE TRANSLATION SYSTEMS / Masaru Tomita = 389
  5.1 Research Prototype = 389
  5.2 Operational Prototype = 390
  5.3 Practical System(Special-Purpose) = 391
  5.4 Commercial System(General-Purpose) = 392
  5.5 Ongoing Use = 393
 6. THE USES OF MACHINE TRANSLATION IN JAPAN / Muriel Vasconcellos = 394
  6.1 Introduction = 394
   6.1.1 Modalities of Implementation = 394
   6.1.2 Translation for Assimilation : Domains and Applications = 397
   6.1.3 Translation for Dissemination : Domains and Applications = 398
  6.2 User Sites Visited = 399
   6.2.1 CSK = 400
   6.2.2 DEC = 400
   6.2.3 IBM = 401
   6.2.4 IBS = 401
   6.2.5 Inter Group = 402
   6.2.6 JICST = 403
   6.2.7 NHK = 404
  6.3 MT Users : The Vendor Perspective = 406
  6.4 The Broader Outlook = 408
 7. ACCEPTANCE OF MT : QUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY / Muriel Vasconcellos ; Elaine Rich = 409
  7.1 Productivity and Cost = 409
  7.2 Translation Quality = 410
  7.3 Throughput = 413
  7.4 Customization = 414
  7.5 Integration = 416
  7.6 Open Systems and Software Portability = 416
 8. MT CONTRASTS BETWEEN THE U.S. AND EUROPE / Yorick Wilks = 417
  8.1 Major MT Centers and Systems in the U.S. = 419
  8.2 Influences Among MT Groups = 421
  8.3 Current European Systems = 422
 9. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT / Elanic Rich = 425
  9.1 Interlingua-Based Translation = 426
  9.2 Example-Based Translation = 428
  9.3 Transfer-Driven Translation = 430
  9.4 Grammars = 431
   9.4.1 Constraint Dependency Grammars = 431
   9.4.2 Alternative Grammatical Frameworks = 432
  9.5 Generation = 433
  9.6 Dictionaries = 434
  9.7 Discourse-Level Issues = 436
  9.8 Better Tools for Users = 437
  9.9 Extension to Other Languages = 438
  9.10 Speech-to Speech Translation = 439
  9.11 Embedded MT Systems = 442
  9.12 Massively Parallel Hardware = 442
  9.13 The Future = 443
 10. FUTURE DIRECTIONS IN MACHINE TRANSLATION / Elaine Rich = 444
 11. REFERENCES = 446
 APPENDIX Ⅰ : JAPANESE SITES IN PART Ⅲ REPORT = 454
 APPENDIX Ⅱ : BIOGRAPHIES OF PANEL MEMBERS = 459
 APPENDIX Ⅲ : ABBREVIATIONS USED IN PART Ⅲ = 462
PART Ⅳ. ADVANCED COMPUTING IN JAPAN
 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY / Michael A. Harrison = 464
  The Technical Bottom Line = 464
 2. COMPUTING IN JAPAN / Michael A. Harrison = 467
  2.1 Organization = 467
  2.2 Preview of the Report = 468
   Electronic Components = 468
   Data Storage = 470
   Computer Architecture = 472
   Software = 473
   Multimedia, Computer and Human Interfaces = 474
   Supercomputers = 474
   Technical Summary = 476
  2.3 Science and Technology = 477
  2.4 Advice for Future Panels = 482
  2.5 Acknowledgements = 483
 3. ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS, CHIPS AND PACKAGING / James D. Meindl = 485
  3.1 Introduction = 485
  3.2 Discussion = 486
   3.2.1 Silicon Memory Chips = 486
   3.2.2 Silicon Logic and Microprocessor Chips = 494
   3.2.3 Gallium Arsenide Chips = 500
   3.2.4 Chip Packaging = 504
  3.3 Summary = 508
  3.4 Projections for the Future = 510
 4. DATA STORAGE / Robert M. White = 512
  4.1 Introduction = 512
  4.2 Disk Drive Technology = 516
  4.3 Recording in Japan = 520
  4.4 Overview = 528
 5. COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE / Daniel P. Siewior다 = 532
  5.1 Overview = 532
  5.2 Response to Questions = 546
  5.3 Interactions Between Japanese and Foreign Researchers = 548
  5.4 Computing Environment in Japan = 548
  5.5 Detailed Observations = 549
  5.6 Observations, Impressions, and Scenarios = 552
   5.6.1 Compartmentalization of Knowledge = 552
   5.6.2 Critical Mass = 555
   5.6.3 Scenarios = 555
  5.7 A Survey of Computer Architectures = 556
   5.7.1 Research Trends = 558
 6. PROGRESS IN SOFTWARE AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING / James H. Morris = 561
  6.1 Introduction = 561
  6.2 The Computer Business = 562
  6.3 The Life of a Software Professional = 563
  6.4 Tools = 564
  6.5 Methodology = 565
  6.6 Measured Performance = 566
  6.7 Speculations = 567
  6.8 Operating Systems = 568
  6.9 Programming Languages = 579
  6.10 General Attitudes = 579
  6.11 Recommended Further Studies = 570
 7. MULTIMEDIA AND HUMAN INTERFACES / Micahel A. Harrison ; James H. Morris = 571
  7.1 Introduction = 571
  7.2 Japanese Industrial Work = 573
  7.3 Japanese Government Projects = 576
  7.4 Conclusions = 579
 8. TRON / Michael A. Harriosn = 580
  8.1 Introduction = 580
  8.2 TRON and Trade Friction = 582
  8.3 Summary = 585
 9. ADVANCED SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING IN JAPAN / Edward F. Hayes = 586
  9.1 Introduction = 586
  9.2 Overview of Academic Supercomputer Centers = 589
  9.3 Networking in Japan = 592
  9.4 Institute for Molecular Sciences = 596
  9.5 University of Tokyo Computing Center = 598
  9.6 Protein Engineering Research Institute = 600
  9.7 Institute of Computational Fluid Dynamics = 603
  9.8 Comparisons Between U.S. and Japan = 604
 APPENDIX A : PERSONNEL AND AGENDAS = 609
  A.1 Biographical Sketches = 609
   A.1.1 Michael A. Harrison = 609
   A.1.2 Edward F. Hayes = 610
   A.1.3 James D. Meindl = 610
   A.1.4 James H. Morris = 611
   A.1.5 Daniel P. Siewiorek = 611
   A.1.6 Robert White = 612
  A.2 Itinerary of JTEC Panel in Japan = 613
  A.3 Agenda of Kickoff Meeting, July 11, 1989 = 614
  A.4 Agenda of Oral Report Meeting, December 8, 1989 = 615
 APPENDIX B : TRIP REPORT / R. D. Shelton = 616
  B.1 Introduction = 616
  B.2 Monday, November 6 = 616
  B.3 Tuesday, November 7 = 618
  B.4 Wednesday, November 8 = 619
  B.5 Thursday, November 9 = 621
  B.6 Friday, November 10 = 622
  B.7 A Computer Architecture Survey = 627
   Instruction Sets = 627
   Parallel Processing = 627
   Pipelining, Multiple Function Units, Vector Processing = 628
   Special Purpose Architectures = 629
   Influence of Software on Hardware = 629
   Systems Issues = 629
BIBLIOGRAPHY = 631


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