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## Principles of cognition, language and action : essays on the foundations of a science of psychology

Material type
단행본
Personal Author
Praetorius, Nini.
Title Statement
Principles of cognition, language and action : essays on the foundations of a science of psychology / by N. Praetorius.
Publication, Distribution, etc
Dordrecht, The Netherlands ;   Boston [Mass., U.S.] :   Kluwer Academic Publishers,   c2000.
Physical Medium
xxi, 492 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0792362306 (hb : alk. paper) 0792362314 (pbk.)
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 483-488) and index.
Psychology -- Philosophy.
 000 00936camuu22002654a 4500 001 000000769076 005 20020527115814 008 000229s2000 ne b 001 0 eng 010 ▼a 00027387 020 ▼a 0792362306 (hb : alk. paper) 020 ▼a 0792362314 (pbk.) 040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d UKM ▼d OHX ▼d NLM ▼d 211009 042 ▼a pcc 049 1 ▼l 111198237 050 0 0 ▼a BF38 ▼b .P67 2000 072 7 ▼a BF ▼2 lcco 082 0 0 ▼a 150/.1 ▼2 21 090 ▼a 150.1 ▼b P898p 100 1 ▼a Praetorius, Nini. 245 1 0 ▼a Principles of cognition, language and action : ▼b essays on the foundations of a science of psychology / ▼c by N. Praetorius. 260 ▼a Dordrecht, The Netherlands ; ▼a Boston [Mass., U.S.] : ▼b Kluwer Academic Publishers, ▼c c2000. 300 ▼a xxi, 492 p. ; ▼c 25 cm. 504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 483-488) and index. 650 0 ▼a Psychology ▼x Philosophy.

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### Contents information


CONTENTS

FOREWORD = xiii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS = xx

PART Ⅰ : THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY = 1

1 INTRODUCTION TO ASSUMPTIONS AND ARGUMENTS = 3

1.1 Basic assumptions of Naturalism and Constructivism = 7

1.2 Implications of Constructivist and Naturalist assumptions = 9

1.3 Consequences for Psychology of Perception = 18

2 ALTERNATIVE ASSUMPTIONS AND PRINCIPLES = 27

2.1 Criteria for a research area to attain the status of a science = 27

2.2 Basic assumptions for a science of Psychology = 35

2.3 Principles of Cognition, Language and Action = 40

3 PROBLEMS OF EXPLANATIONS AND THEORIES OF VISUAL PERCEPTION = 45

3.1 Introduction = 45

3.2 Mind-Body dualism = 48

3.3 Gibson's theory of perception = 50

3.4 Marr's computational model of vision = 59

3.4.1 The Primal Sketch = 61

3.4.2 The 2$${\raise3pt\hbox{1} \!\mathord{\left / {\vphantom {1 2}}\right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace}\!\lower3pt\hbox{2}}$$D Sketch = 62

3.4.3 The 3D Model = 65

4 CONSEQUENCES FOR PERCEPTION PSYCHOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY = 69

4.1 Similarities between Gibson's and Marr's theories of perception = 69

4.2 Conditions for carrying out investigations in perception psychology = 72

4.3 General epistemological consequences and implications = 81

4.4 Assumptions and aims for a psychological science of perception = 84

PART Ⅱ : THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND REALITY = 89

5 THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE AND REALITY = 91

5.1 Introduction = 91

5.2 Basic assumptions = 92

5.2.1 The reflexivity of natural language = 95

5.2.2 The concept of truth of natural language = 96

5.2.3 Consequences for Subjective Idealism = 97

5.3 The principle of the general correctness of language = 104

5.3.1 Consequences for Correspondence Theories of truth = 107

5.3.2 Consequences for Language-Reality Relativism = 115

5.3.3 The Logical space of descriptions = 119

6 LANGUAGE, CONCEPTS AND REALITY = 123

6.1 Introduction = 123

6.2 Saussure's delimitation of the language form as an independent object of linguistic research = 127

6.2.1 The Principle of the arbitrary nature of the linguistic sign = 130

6.2.2 The differential identity and relational value of the linguistic sign = 132

6.2.3 Problems and consequences of the twin-principles of the arbitrary and relational nature of the sign = 133

6.2.4 The "nomenclature-view" of language reconsidered and revised = 140

6.3 The logical relation between a systematic and a speech act description of linguistic occurrences = 143

6.4 Conditions for determining differences between different languages : examples of consequences for theories of language = 148

6.4.1 Cognitive Relativism : an example from linguistics = 150

6.4.2 Cognitive Constructivism : an example from psychology = 152

7 SITUATIONS, ACTION AND KNOWLEDGE = 155

7.1 Linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge and concepts = 155

7.2 Situations = 157

7.3 Actions = 159

8. SCIENTIFIC AND OTHER DESCRIPTIONS OF REALITY = 165

8.1 The dependence of scientific descriptions on non-scientific descriptions of reality = 165

8.2 The limits of scientific theories and descriptions = 178

8.3 Conclusion = 191

9 PHYSICALISM AND PSYCHOLOGY = 195

9.1 Introduction = 195

9.2 Anomalous monism, or Psychology as Physics = 197

10 CONTEXT, CONTENT AND REFERENCE - THE CASE FOR BELIEFS AND INTERNATIONALITY = 205

10.1 Introduction = 205

10.2 Against Stich's case against beliefs = 207

10.3 The problem of generalizing across radically different cognitive states = 216

10.4 The dependency of scientific beliefs and propositions on contexts and interests = 219

10.5 Some differences between ascribing beliefs to people and properties to objects = 225

11 PROPOSITIONS ABOUT REAL AS OPPOSED TO FICTITIOUS THINGS = 235

11.1 Brentano's thesis about the intentionality of the mental = 235

11.2 Brentano's thesis of intentionality reconsidered = 239

11.3 Beliefs about real and fictitious things = 242

11.4 Conclusion = 247

12 WHY THERE STILL CANNOT BE A CAUSAL THEORY OF CONTENT = 249

12.1 Introduction = 249

12.2 Naturalizing intentionality and the content of beliefs = 252

12.3 Errors in the Crude Causal Theory = 260

12.4 The CCT's psychophysical explanation of content = 267

12.5 Why a causal theory of the intentionality and content of beliefs does not work = 270

12.6 Conclusion = 279

13 THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND REALITY Ⅰ = 283

13.1 Epistemological and Ontological assumptions and their inter-relatedness = 283

13.2 Arguments for the necessity of ontological Mind-Matter dualism = 288

14 THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND REALITY Ⅱ = 295

14.1 The incompleteness of our knowledge and description of reality = 295

14.2 Putnam's Internal Realism = 300

14.3 Consequences of the incompleteness of our knowledge and description for computational functionalism = 308

15 THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND REALITY Ⅲ = 311

15.1 The impossibility of explaining how we become persons and language users = 311

15.2 Some difficulties in accounting for the transition from organism to person = 315

15.3 Arguments against the assumption of an innate language or linguistic structures = 318

15.4 Principles for description : Conclusion = 323

PART Ⅲ : IDENTITY = 327

16 IDENTITY AND IDENTIFICATION - SAME AND DIFFERENT = 329

16.1 Introduction = 329

16.2 Recent positions on the problem of identity and reference = 331

16.3 To identify a thing as the same : an alternative view = 339

16.4 Problems in traditional views on the identity of things = 343

16.5 Identification, reference and truth = 345

16.6 Answers to objections to the analysis presented : Conclusion = 349

PART Ⅳ : PERSONS = 353

INTRODUCTION = 355

17 SOME CONSEQUENCES OF EPISTEMOLOGICAL IDEALISM = 363

17.1 Introduction = 363

17.2 Constructivism and the disappearance of reality and persons = 366

18 WITTGENSTEIN'S THEORIES OF LANGUAGE = 383

18.1 Introduction = 383

18.2 Wittgenstein's language games = 386

18.3 Tractatus = 389

18.4 Investigations = 397

19 THE EXTERNAL WORLD AND THE INTERNAL = 405

19.1 Introduction = 405

19.2 Wittgenstein's "private language arguments" = 409

19.3 Sensation of the internal as opposed to observation of the external = 420

19.4 Internal states and sensations of the "internal" = 426

19.5 The "internal" and "external" of a person = 430

19.6 The status of descriptions of internal states = 432

19.7 Conclusion = 436

20 THE INTER-SUBJECTIVITY OF KNOWLEDGE AND LANGUAGE = 439

20.1 Introduction = 439

20.2 Personal versus public knowledge and experiences = 440

20.3 The principle of the interdependency of the notions of 'truth' and 'others' = 443

20.4 Social Constructionism and the relativism of Wittgenstein's later works = 452

21 THE CONDITIONS FOR PEOPLE TO BE AND FUNCTION AS PERSON : SUMMARY AND CONSEQUENCES = 467

21.1 The necessary relation between the personal and the public knowledge of persons = 475

21.2 Equality as a necessary condition for communication and co-operation between persons = 478

REFERENCES = 483

INDEX = 489



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