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Principles of cognition, language and action : essays on the foundations of a science of psychology

Principles of cognition, language and action : essays on the foundations of a science of psychology

Material type
단행본
Personal Author
Praetorius, Nini.
Title Statement
Principles of cognition, language and action : essays on the foundations of a science of psychology / by N. Praetorius.
Publication, Distribution, etc
Dordrecht, The Netherlands ;   Boston [Mass., U.S.] :   Kluwer Academic Publishers,   c2000.  
Physical Medium
xxi, 492 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0792362306 (hb : alk. paper) 0792362314 (pbk.)
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 483-488) and index.
Subject Added Entry-Topical Term
Psychology -- Philosophy.
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020 ▼a 0792362314 (pbk.)
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245 1 0 ▼a Principles of cognition, language and action : ▼b essays on the foundations of a science of psychology / ▼c by N. Praetorius.
260 ▼a Dordrecht, The Netherlands ; ▼a Boston [Mass., U.S.] : ▼b Kluwer Academic Publishers, ▼c c2000.
300 ▼a xxi, 492 p. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 483-488) and index.
650 0 ▼a Psychology ▼x Philosophy.

Holdings Information

No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 150.1 P898p Accession No. 111198237 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M

Contents information

Table of Contents


CONTENTS

FOREWORD = xiii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS = xx

PART Ⅰ : THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY = 1

 1 INTRODUCTION TO ASSUMPTIONS AND ARGUMENTS = 3

  1.1 Basic assumptions of Naturalism and Constructivism = 7

  1.2 Implications of Constructivist and Naturalist assumptions = 9

  1.3 Consequences for Psychology of Perception = 18

 2 ALTERNATIVE ASSUMPTIONS AND PRINCIPLES = 27

  2.1 Criteria for a research area to attain the status of a science = 27

  2.2 Basic assumptions for a science of Psychology = 35

  2.3 Principles of Cognition, Language and Action = 40

 3 PROBLEMS OF EXPLANATIONS AND THEORIES OF VISUAL PERCEPTION = 45

  3.1 Introduction = 45

  3.2 Mind-Body dualism = 48

  3.3 Gibson's theory of perception = 50

  3.4 Marr's computational model of vision = 59

   3.4.1 The Primal Sketch = 61

   3.4.2 The 2$${\raise3pt\hbox{$1$} \!\mathord{\left / {\vphantom {1 2}}\right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace}\!\lower3pt\hbox{$2$}}$$D Sketch = 62

   3.4.3 The 3D Model = 65

 4 CONSEQUENCES FOR PERCEPTION PSYCHOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY = 69

  4.1 Similarities between Gibson's and Marr's theories of perception = 69

  4.2 Conditions for carrying out investigations in perception psychology = 72

  4.3 General epistemological consequences and implications = 81

  4.4 Assumptions and aims for a psychological science of perception = 84

PART Ⅱ : THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND REALITY = 89

 5 THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE AND REALITY = 91

  5.1 Introduction = 91

  5.2 Basic assumptions = 92

   5.2.1 The reflexivity of natural language = 95

   5.2.2 The concept of truth of natural language = 96

   5.2.3 Consequences for Subjective Idealism = 97

  5.3 The principle of the general correctness of language = 104

   5.3.1 Consequences for Correspondence Theories of truth = 107

   5.3.2 Consequences for Language-Reality Relativism = 115

   5.3.3 The Logical space of descriptions = 119

 6 LANGUAGE, CONCEPTS AND REALITY = 123

  6.1 Introduction = 123

  6.2 Saussure's delimitation of the language form as an independent object of linguistic research = 127

   6.2.1 The Principle of the arbitrary nature of the linguistic sign = 130

   6.2.2 The differential identity and relational value of the linguistic sign = 132

   6.2.3 Problems and consequences of the twin-principles of the arbitrary and relational nature of the sign = 133

   6.2.4 The "nomenclature-view" of language reconsidered and revised = 140

  6.3 The logical relation between a systematic and a speech act description of linguistic occurrences = 143

  6.4 Conditions for determining differences between different languages : examples of consequences for theories of language = 148

   6.4.1 Cognitive Relativism : an example from linguistics = 150

   6.4.2 Cognitive Constructivism : an example from psychology = 152

 7 SITUATIONS, ACTION AND KNOWLEDGE = 155

  7.1 Linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge and concepts = 155

  7.2 Situations = 157

  7.3 Actions = 159

 8. SCIENTIFIC AND OTHER DESCRIPTIONS OF REALITY = 165

  8.1 The dependence of scientific descriptions on non-scientific descriptions of reality = 165

  8.2 The limits of scientific theories and descriptions = 178

  8.3 Conclusion = 191

 9 PHYSICALISM AND PSYCHOLOGY = 195

  9.1 Introduction = 195

  9.2 Anomalous monism, or Psychology as Physics = 197

 10 CONTEXT, CONTENT AND REFERENCE - THE CASE FOR BELIEFS AND INTERNATIONALITY = 205

  10.1 Introduction = 205

  10.2 Against Stich's case against beliefs = 207

  10.3 The problem of generalizing across radically different cognitive states = 216

  10.4 The dependency of scientific beliefs and propositions on contexts and interests = 219

  10.5 Some differences between ascribing beliefs to people and properties to objects = 225

 11 PROPOSITIONS ABOUT REAL AS OPPOSED TO FICTITIOUS THINGS = 235

  11.1 Brentano's thesis about the intentionality of the mental = 235

  11.2 Brentano's thesis of intentionality reconsidered = 239

  11.3 Beliefs about real and fictitious things = 242

  11.4 Conclusion = 247

 12 WHY THERE STILL CANNOT BE A CAUSAL THEORY OF CONTENT = 249

  12.1 Introduction = 249

  12.2 Naturalizing intentionality and the content of beliefs = 252

  12.3 Errors in the Crude Causal Theory = 260

  12.4 The CCT's psychophysical explanation of content = 267

  12.5 Why a causal theory of the intentionality and content of beliefs does not work = 270

  12.6 Conclusion = 279

 13 THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND REALITY Ⅰ = 283

  13.1 Epistemological and Ontological assumptions and their inter-relatedness = 283

  13.2 Arguments for the necessity of ontological Mind-Matter dualism = 288

 14 THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND REALITY Ⅱ = 295

  14.1 The incompleteness of our knowledge and description of reality = 295

  14.2 Putnam's Internal Realism = 300

  14.3 Consequences of the incompleteness of our knowledge and description for computational functionalism = 308

 15 THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND REALITY Ⅲ = 311

  15.1 The impossibility of explaining how we become persons and language users = 311

  15.2 Some difficulties in accounting for the transition from organism to person = 315

  15.3 Arguments against the assumption of an innate language or linguistic structures = 318

  15.4 Principles for description : Conclusion = 323

PART Ⅲ : IDENTITY = 327

 16 IDENTITY AND IDENTIFICATION - SAME AND DIFFERENT = 329

  16.1 Introduction = 329

  16.2 Recent positions on the problem of identity and reference = 331

  16.3 To identify a thing as the same : an alternative view = 339

  16.4 Problems in traditional views on the identity of things = 343

  16.5 Identification, reference and truth = 345

  16.6 Answers to objections to the analysis presented : Conclusion = 349

PART Ⅳ : PERSONS = 353

INTRODUCTION = 355

 17 SOME CONSEQUENCES OF EPISTEMOLOGICAL IDEALISM = 363

  17.1 Introduction = 363

  17.2 Constructivism and the disappearance of reality and persons = 366

 18 WITTGENSTEIN'S THEORIES OF LANGUAGE = 383

  18.1 Introduction = 383

  18.2 Wittgenstein's language games = 386

  18.3 Tractatus = 389

  18.4 Investigations = 397

 19 THE EXTERNAL WORLD AND THE INTERNAL = 405

  19.1 Introduction = 405

  19.2 Wittgenstein's "private language arguments" = 409

  19.3 Sensation of the internal as opposed to observation of the external = 420

  19.4 Internal states and sensations of the "internal" = 426

  19.5 The "internal" and "external" of a person = 430

  19.6 The status of descriptions of internal states = 432

  19.7 Conclusion = 436

 20 THE INTER-SUBJECTIVITY OF KNOWLEDGE AND LANGUAGE = 439

  20.1 Introduction = 439

  20.2 Personal versus public knowledge and experiences = 440

  20.3 The principle of the interdependency of the notions of 'truth' and 'others' = 443

  20.4 Social Constructionism and the relativism of Wittgenstein's later works = 452

 21 THE CONDITIONS FOR PEOPLE TO BE AND FUNCTION AS PERSON : SUMMARY AND CONSEQUENCES = 467

  21.1 The necessary relation between the personal and the public knowledge of persons = 475

  21.2 Equality as a necessary condition for communication and co-operation between persons = 478

REFERENCES = 483

INDEX = 489



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