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Applications of heuristics and biases to social issues

Applications of heuristics and biases to social issues (6회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Heath, Linda.
단체저자명
Loyola University of Chicago. Applied Social Psychology Graduate Program.
서명 / 저자사항
Applications of heuristics and biases to social issues / edited by Linda Heath ... [et al.].
발행사항
New York :   Plenum Press,   c1994.  
형태사항
xix, 343 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
총서사항
Social psychological applications to social issues ; v. 3
ISBN
0306447509
일반주기
"A project of the faculty and students in the Applied Social Psychology Graduate Program at Loyola University of Chicago and published under the auspices of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues."  
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references and index.
일반주제명
Decision-making. Heuristic. Prejudices. Psychology, Applied.
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245 0 0 ▼a Applications of heuristics and biases to social issues / ▼c edited by Linda Heath ... [et al.].
260 ▼a New York : ▼b Plenum Press, ▼c c1994.
300 ▼a xix, 343 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 23 cm.
440 0 ▼a Social psychological applications to social issues ; ▼v v. 3
500 ▼a "A project of the faculty and students in the Applied Social Psychology Graduate Program at Loyola University of Chicago and published under the auspices of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues."
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and index.
650 0 ▼a Decision-making.
650 0 ▼a Heuristic.
650 0 ▼a Prejudices.
650 0 ▼a Psychology, Applied.
700 1 ▼a Heath, Linda.
710 2 ▼a Loyola University of Chicago. ▼b Applied Social Psychology Graduate Program.
710 2 ▼a Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 153.83 A652 등록번호 111213898 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

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목차


CONTENTS
1. Heuristics and Biases in Applied Settings : An Introduction / Linda Heath ; R. Scott Tindale = 1
 Representativeness = 2
 Availability = 5
 Anchoring and Adjustment = 6
 Counterfactual Thinking and the Simulation Heuristic = 7
 Other Heuristics and Biases = 8
 Future Directions = 10
 References = 11
2. Heuristics and Biases in Health Decision Making : Their Expression in Genetic  Counseling / Shoshana Shiloh = 13
 Heuristics and Biases in Health Decision Making = 13
 Genetic Counseling and Risk Appraisals = 14
 Representativeness = 16
 Availability = 18
 Anchoring and Adjustment = 21
 Discussion and Conclusions = 23
 Concluding Remarks = 26
 References = 26
3. AIDS, Sterile Needles, and Ethnocentrism / Robyn M. Dawes = 31
 Ethnocentrism, Pure and Simple = 33
 A Short History of Ethnocentrism = 35
 Bases of Ethnocentrism = 37
 Recommendations = 42
 References = 43
4. Heuristics and Biases in Medical Judgment and Decision Making / Steven Schwartz = 45
 Decision Analysis = 46
 Heuristics and Biases = 49
 Availability = 50
 Representativeness = 52
 Clinical Implications of Research on Judgment Heuristics = 64
 Improving Decisions = 66
 References = 70
5. Cognitive Heuristics and Biases in Personality Assessment / Howard N. Garb = 73
 Representativeness Heuristic = 73
 Availability Heuristic = 77
 Anchoring and Adjustment Heuristic = 78
 Confirmatory Bias = 79
 Expectations and Biases = 80
 Neglect of Base Rates = 83
 Overconfidence = 84
 Heuristics, Biases, and Learning from Experience = 84
 Improving Clinical Training and Practice = 85
 References = 87
6. Understanding Judges' Sentencing Decisions : Attributions of Responsibility and Story Construction / Arthur J. Lurigio ; John S. Carroll ; Loretta J. Stalans = 91
 The Context of Sentencing Decisions = 92
 An Attributional Model of Sentencing Dispositions = 93
 Research on Attributions and Schemas = 100
 The Process = 106
 Implications for Future Research = 108
 References = 110
7. Negligence Law and  Mental Mutation : A Social Inference Model of Apportioning Fault / Richard L. Wiener ; Christine C. Pritchard = 117
 Tort Law and Social Cognition = 119
 The Theory of Counterfactual Thinking = 120
 Negligence as a Counterfactual Thinking Models = 123
 Counterfactual Thinking, Abnormality, Standards of Care, and Judgments of Negligence = 133
 Conclusion = 134
 References = 134
8. Lay Evaluations of Encounters with Government Officials : Do Expectations Serve as Filters and Standards? / Loretta J. Stalans = 137
 How People Evaluate Their Own Experiences with Government Authorities = 138
 How Expectations May Produce Cognitive Bias : A Review and Hypotheses = 141
 Data and the Results of Taxpayer's Expectations on Evaluations of Audit = 145
 Results and Discussion = 149
 Conclusions and Directions for Research = 155
 References = 159
9. Biases and Rationality in the Mediation Process / Kevin Gibson ; Leigh Thompson ; Max H. Bazerman = 163
 Mediator Training and Neutrality = 164
 Characteristics of Rational Outcomes = 166
 Biases = 172
 A Rational Mediation Approach = 176
 Conclusion = 179
 References = 181
10. Heuristic Processing in Organizational Judgments / Carol T. Kulik ; Elissa L. Perry = 185
 Systematic and Heuristic Processing = 185
 Judgments about Jobs = 189
 Judgments about Organizational Leadership = 194
 Future Directions = 201
 References = 202
11. Policy Schemas for Affirmative Action / Rupert W. Nacoste = 205
 Procedural Justice and Affirmative Action = 205
 Policy Schemas = 207
 Policy Schemas and Procedural Stigma = 212
 Conclusions = 218
 References = 220
12. Affirmative Action Programs : Discontinuities between Thoughts about Individuals and Thoughts  about Groups / Robyn M. Dawes = 223
 Government "Guidelines" = 225
 The Duality Principle = 228
 Base Rates = 229
 Conclusions = 232
 Recommendations = 235
 References = 237
13. The Effects of Stereotypes on Children's Use of Decision Heuristics / Denise Davidson ; Marie MacKay ; Diana Jergovic = 241
 Introduction = 241
 Method = 245
 Results = 248
 Conclusions = 253
 References = 256
14. Heuristics, Biases, and Environmental Health Risk Analysis / David R. Holtgrave ; Barbara J. Tinsley ; Linda S. Kay = 259
 Risk Assessment, Management, Communication, and Analysis = 261
 Heuristics, Biases, and Environmental Health Risk Analysis : Literature Review = 263
 Importance of a Developmental Perspective = 268
 Discussion and Conclusions(Recycling Study) = 275
 General Discussion, Conclusions, and Future Research Agenda = 277
 References = 282
15. Cognitive Heuristics in Students' College Decisions / Kerry Smith = 287
 Research on College Choice = 288
 Reconceptualizing College Choice = 290
 Research on Cognitive Heuristics and College Choice = 293
 Directions for the Future = 299
 References = 301
16. Teacher Expectations and Student Achievement : Self-Fulfilling Prophecies, Biases, and Accuracy / Lee Jussim ; Stephanie Madon ; Celina Chatman = 303
 Understanding Relations between Teachers' Expectations and Students' Achievement = 304
 Self-Fulfilling Prophecies = 306
 Perceptual Biases = 309
 Accuracy = 310
 Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Processes = 312
 Factors Affecting the Influence of Teachers' Expectations on Students = 324
 Accumulation of Expectancy Effects = 326
 Practical Implications and Recommendations for Interventions = 326
 Conclusion = 329
 References = 330
Index = 335


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