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School finance : a policy perspective 2nd ed

School finance : a policy perspective 2nd ed (1회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Odden, Allan. Picus, Larry , 1954-
서명 / 저자사항
School finance : a policy perspective / Allan R. Odden, Lawrence O. Picus.
판사항
2nd ed.
발행사항
Boston :   McGraw-Hill,   c2000.  
형태사항
xviii, 476 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0072287373
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references (p. [436]-464) and indexes.
일반주제명
Education -- United States -- Finance. Education -- United States -- Finance -- Computer simulation.
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050 0 0 ▼a LB2825 ▼b .O315 2000
082 0 0 ▼a 379.1/21/0973 ▼2 21
090 ▼a 379.121 ▼b O22s2
100 1 ▼a Odden, Allan.
245 1 0 ▼a School finance : ▼b a policy perspective / ▼c Allan R. Odden, Lawrence O. Picus.
250 ▼a 2nd ed.
260 ▼a Boston : ▼b McGraw-Hill, ▼c c2000.
300 ▼a xviii, 476 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. [436]-464) and indexes.
650 0 ▼a Education ▼z United States ▼x Finance.
650 0 ▼a Education ▼z United States ▼x Finance ▼x Computer simulation.
700 1 ▼a Picus, Larry , ▼d 1954-
950 1 ▼b US$ 58.77

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 379.121 O22s2 등록번호 111143813 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

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CONTENTS

Preface = ⅸ

1 INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW TO SCHOOL FINANCE = 1

 1. The Scope of United States Education Financing = 2

 2. Early Developments in School Finance = 6

 3. Evolution in the School Finance Problem = 11

  Traditional Fiscal Disparities = 11

  A Different Type of School Finance Problem = 18

  The School Finance Problem as Fiscal Adequacy = 23

  The School Finance Problem as Productivity = 25

2 EQUITY AND ADEQUACY FRAMEWORKS IN SCHOOL FINANCE = 26

 1. School Finance Litigation = 27

  Equal Protection Litigation = 28

  School Finance Equal Protection Litigation = 31

  School Finance Litigation Based on State Education Clauses = 35

  A School Finance Legal Scorecard = 45

 2. A Framework for Assessing School Finance Systems = 46

  The School Finance Framework in Brief = 47

  Ex Ante Versus Ex Post = 48

  Unit of Analysis = 49

  Objects = 51

  The Group = 56

  Equity Concepts = 57

 Conclusion = 74

3 THE PUBLIC FINANCE CONTEXT = 79

 1. Taxation Overview = 80

  Trends in Federal, State, and Local Taxation = 80

  Changes in Tax Structures = 82

 2. Assessing and Understanding Taxation = 86

  Public Finance Criteria for Evaluating Taxes = 86

 3. Analysis of Individual Taxes = 97

  The Income Tax = 97

  The Sales Tax = 105

  The Property Tax = 119

  Lotteries = 137

 4. Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations = 139

  Advantages of a Federal Approach to Financing Governmental Services = 140

  Mandates and Their Use in Intergovernmental Relations = 142

  Intergovernmental Grants and Their Objectives = 144

  Alternative Measures of Fiscal Capacity = 150

  Final Comments on Taxation and Intergovernmental Grants = 152

4 SCHOOL FINANCE STRUCTURES : FORMULA OPTIONS AND NEEDS ADJUSTMENTS = 154

 1. School Finance Equity, Adequacy, and Policy Goals = 155

 2. School Finance Formulas = 156

  General-Aid School Finance Programs = 159

  Flat Grant Programs = 161

  Foundation Programs = 167

  Guaranteed Tax Base Programs = 179

  Combination Foundation and Guaranteed Tax Base Programs = 189

  Full-State Funding and State-Determined Spending Programs = 195

 3. Adjustments for Student Needs, Education Level, Scale Economies, and Price = 197

  Adjustments for Different Pupil Needs = 197

  Development of Special-Needs Programs = 198

  Issues in Determining Costs of Special-Needs Programs = 203

  Simulation of Adjustments for Special-Needs Students = 224

  Adjustments for Different Grade Levels = 226

  Adjustments for Size = 230

  Adjustments for Price Differences = 232

 Conclusion = 234

  A New School Finance Formula = 235

  An Econometric Approach to Adjustments for Different Needs = 235

 Chapter 4 Problems = 237

5 IMPROVING STATE SCHOOL FINANCE SYSTEMS = 241

 1. A Framework for Analysis = 241

 2. School Finance in Vermont = 243

  The Vermont School Finance Problem = 244

  Improving the Vermont School Finance System = 246

 3. School Finance in Wisconsin = 249

  The Wisconsin School Finance Problem = 250

  Improving the Wisconsin School Finance System = 252

 4. School Finance in Illinois = 255

  The Illinois School Finance Problem = 256

  Improving the Illinois School Finance Structure = 258

 Conclusion = 262

6 ALLOCATION AND USE OF FUNDS AT THE DISTRICT, SCHOOL, AND CLASSROOM LEVELS = 264

 1. Resource-Use Patterns at the National and State Levels = 266

  Expenditures by Function = 266

  Staffing Patterns = 269

 2. Resource-Use Patterns at the District Level = 271

  Expenditure Patterns across Districts within a State = 272

  District Uses of New Money = 277

 3. Resource-Use Patterns at the Site Level = 279

  Expenditures by School and Classroom = 279

  Summary and Conclusion = 286

7 WAYS TO IMPROVE EDUCATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY = 288

 1. Measuring Educational Productivity = 289

  What Is a Production Function? = 289

  Linking Spending to Student Outcomes : Economic Research = 291

  Why Is Educational Productivity So Elusive? = 296

  New Ways to Assess Educational Productivity = 297

  Reducing Class Size : A Brief Synthesis of the Literature = 299

  Alternatives to Class-Size Reduction = 306

  Market Approaches = 309

 2. Improving Educational Performance Through Decentralized Management = 312

8 USING EDUCATION DOLLARS MORE WISELY TO IMPROVE RESULTS = 323

 1. Examples from School Restructuring = 324

 2. Staffing in America's Schools = 327

 3. Resource Reallocation Possibilities = 330

  Selected High-Performance School Designs = 332

  What about Low-Spending Districts? = 342

  The Reason Resource Reallocation is Possible = 342

 4. The Process of Resource Reallocation = 345

 5. Resource Reallocation in New Jersey = 349

9 CREATING AN EDUCATION SYSTEM WITH INCENTIVES = 352

 1. Incentives for Students = 353

  Standards for Being Promoted from One Education Level to the Next = 355

  Standards for Graduation from High School = 357

  Requirements for Admission into Higher Education = 359

  Additional Incentives for Students = 360

  Opportunities to Participate in Extracurricular School-Organized Activities = 361

 2. Incentives for Teachers = 362

  Goal Clarification Via Mission, Standards, and Testing = 362

  Opportunities to Work Collaboratively to Improve the School = 363

  Opportunities to Improve Professional Practice = 364

  Incentives to Improve Knowledge and Skills = 365

  Incentives to Improve Student Performance = 366

 3. Incentives for Schools = 367

  Incentives for Restructuring toward Higher-Performance Visions = 367

  Incentives for Reallocating Education Resources to More Productive Uses = 370

  Incentives for Producing Increases in Student Achievement = 371

 Summary = 371

10 SCHOOL-BASED FINANCING : FORMULA FUNDING OF SCHOOL SITES = 373

 1. The Overall Structure of a School Site-Based Financing System = 374

 2. The Minimum School Percentage = 376

 3. District Roles and Functions = 378

  Core District Functions = 379

  Optional District Functions = 384

 4. The School Budget = 392

  Functions Devolved to School Sites = 392

  The School Budget = 393

  Example of a School Formula = 398

 Conclusion = 399

11 CHANGING TEACHER SALARY STRUCTURES = 403

 1. Link to Standards- and School-Based Education Reform = 404

 2. Change Teacher Compensation to Include Pay for Knowledge and Skills = 406

  A New Form of the Single-Salary Schedule = 406

  A Knowledge and Skill Pay Structure = 407

  Examples of Knowledge- and Skills-Based Pay Structures = 411

  Implementation Issues = 413

 3. Provide School-Based Performance Incentives = 414

  Examples of School-Based Performance Awards = 418

  Research on School-Based Performance Awards = 420

 4. An Example of a Comprehensive New Teacher Compensation System = 423

Conclusion = 425

Appendix = 426

Glossary = 430

References = 436

Author Index = 466

Subject Index = 473



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