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The origins of complex language : an inquiry into the evolutionary beginnings of sentences, syllables, and truth

The origins of complex language : an inquiry into the evolutionary beginnings of sentences, syllables, and truth (Loan 3 times)

Material type
단행본
Personal Author
Carstairs-McCarthy, Andrew, 1945-
Title Statement
The origins of complex language : an inquiry into the evolutionary beginnings of sentences, syllables, and truth / Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy.
Publication, Distribution, etc
Oxford :   Oxford University Press,   1999.  
Physical Medium
ix, 260 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0198238223 0198238215 (pbk.)
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (p. [235]-252) and indexes.
Subject Added Entry-Topical Term
Language and languages -- Origin. Language and languages -- Philosophy. Language and languages -- Origin.
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020 ▼a 0198238223
020 ▼a 0198238215 (pbk.)
040 ▼a Uk ▼c DLC ▼d UKM ▼d ABC
042 ▼a lccopycat
049 ▼l 111141666
050 0 0 ▼a P116 ▼b .C37 1999
082 0 0 ▼a 401 ▼2 21
090 ▼a 401 ▼b C321o
100 2 ▼a Carstairs-McCarthy, Andrew, ▼d 1945-
245 1 4 ▼a The origins of complex language : ▼b an inquiry into the evolutionary beginnings of sentences, syllables, and truth / ▼c Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy.
260 ▼a Oxford : ▼b Oxford University Press, ▼c 1999.
300 ▼a ix, 260 p. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. [235]-252) and indexes.
650 0 ▼a Language and languages ▼x Origin.
650 0 ▼a Language and languages ▼x Philosophy.
650 4 ▼a Language and languages ▼x Origin.

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No. 1 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 401 C321o Accession No. 111141666 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M
No. 2 Location Sejong Academic Information Center/Humanities 1/ Call Number 401 C321o Accession No. 151315233 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service M
No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 401 C321o Accession No. 111141666 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M
No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Sejong Academic Information Center/Humanities 1/ Call Number 401 C321o Accession No. 151315233 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service M

Contents information

Table of Contents


CONTENTS
List of Figures and Tables = ⅹ
Abbreviations = xi
1. Introduction = 1
 1.1. The Puzzle : What was Rudimentary Language Like? = 1
 1.2. The Importance of the 'Outsider's' Perspective = 2
 1.3. Plan of the Book = 6
2. The Peculiarities of Language = 8
 2.1. Three Peculiarities of Human Language = 8
 2.2. Vocabulary Size = 10
 2.3. Duality of Patterning = 13
 2.4. The Distinction between Sentences and Noun Phrases = 15
  2.4.1. Alternative syntax 1 : No syntax = 15
  2.4.2. Alternative syntax 2 : Spatiotemporal coordinates and the type/token distinction = 16
  2.4.3. Alternative syntax 3 : Categorial uniformity = 21
  2.4.4. Actual syntax : An outsider's view = 27
3. Truth and Reference = 34
 3.1. Are Truth and Reference Distinguishable Nongrammatically? = 34
 3.2. Frege = 35
 3.3. Wittgenstein = 41
 3.4. Strawson = 48
  3.4.1. Subjects and particulars = 49
  3.4.2. Subjects, predicates, and negation = 54
  3.4.3. Particulars, propositions, and nominalizations = 56
 3.5. Plato = 60
  3.5.1. Falsity and non-existence = 61
  3.5.2. Syllables and sentences = 63
4. Attempts to Solve the Problems = 66
 4.1. The Search for Explanations = 66
 4.2. Vocabulary Size = 66
 4.3. Duality of Patterning = 69
  4.3.1. Call blending = 70
  4.3.2. Sound symbolism, phonetic assimilation, and semantic drift = 71
  4.3.3. Phonological self-organization = 75
 4.4. The Sentence/NP Distinction = 76
  4.4.1. Universal Grammar, propositions, and predicate-argument structure = 77
  4.4.2. Propositions and auxiliaries = 82
  4.4.3. The thing-event space and cognitive grammar = 85
  4.4.4. Topics, themes, thetic versus categorical judgements, and processing = 91
  4.4.5. Protolanguage = 96
  4.4.6. The hierarchical architecture of complexity = 100
  4.4.7. Gesture and sign language = 103
5. A Different Solution = 107
 5.1. Scope of the Solution = 107
 5.2. Some Semantic Characteristics of Vocabulary and Grammar = 108
  5.2.1. Disjunctive categories = 108
  5.2.2. Principles guiding vocabulary acquisition = 110
  5.2.3. Vocabulary acquisition principles in inflectional morphology = 112
  5.2.4. Evolutionary implications = 123
 5.3. The Descent of the Larynx = 125
 5.4. Our Ancestors' Dilemma = 129
 5.5. Resolving the Dilemma : Vocabulary Expansion and Duality of Patterning = 131
 5.6. Resolving the Dilemma : A Phonological Source for Syntax = 134
  5.6.1. Syllables : Psychological reality and phonetic motivation = 134
  5.6.2. Syllables : Internal organization = 139
  5.6.3. The syllable as a model for sentence structure = 143
  5.6.4. Compliance with the syllabic model : Spatiotemporal and Monocategoric = 148
  5.6.5. Compliance with the syllabic model : Syntax-as-it-is = 151
  5.6.6. Margin-like positions in syntax = 155
  5.6.7. Verbs, auxiliaries, and the syllabic model = 163
  5.6.8. Verbs and direct objects = 169
  5.6.9. Topicalization and cognitive grammar : Some syllable-derived implications = 171
  5.6.10. Early versus modern syntax = 173
6. Apes, Anthropology, and the Brain = 176
 6.1. Kinds of Complementary Evidence = 176
 6.2. Archaeology and Biological Anthropology = 177
  6.2.1. The timing of archaeological and linguistic developments = 177
  6.2.2. The original impetus for vocal-tract changes = 182
  6.2.3. Tool manufacture, accurate throwing, and speech = 184
  6.2.4. Brain size and encephalization = 189
  6.2.5. Social functions of language = 191
 6.3. The Brain = 194
  6.3.1. Neurological and linguistic correspondences = 195
  6.3.2. Brain-language coevolution and vocal-tract changes = 203
  6.3.3. Mental representations, conceptual structure, and (dis)continuism = 208
  6.3.4. The grammatical structure of sign language = 212
 6.4. Apes and Language = 215
  6.4.1. Synonymy avoidance by chimpanzees = 216
  6.4.2. The nature of apes' sign combinations = 218
  6.4.3. A bonobo's understanding of spoken English = 222
 6.5. Conclusion = 225
7. Just How Unique Are We? = 226
 7.1. A Surprising Outcome = 226
 7.2. Linguistic and Cognitive Evolution = 227
 7.3. The Demotion of Propositional Thought and Knowledge = 227
 7.4. Why Humans? = 230
Appendix : Sentences, Statements, and Propositions = 232
References = 235
Further Reading = 249
Name Index = 253
Subject Index = 256


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