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National choices and international processes

National choices and international processes (Loan 1 times)

Material type
단행본
Personal Author
Maoz, Zeev.
Title Statement
National choices and international processes / Zeev Maoz.
Publication, Distribution, etc
Cambridge [England] ;   New York :   Cambridge University Press,   1990.  
Physical Medium
xviii, 609 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Series Statement
Cambridge studies in international relations ;8.
ISBN
0521365953
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 566-587) and indexes.
Subject Added Entry-Topical Term
International relations --Research.
비통제주제어
Foreign relations, Policies, Formulation,,
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020 ▼a 0521365953
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d UKM
049 1 ▼l 911000978 ▼f 국대원
050 0 0 ▼a JX1291 ▼b .M3795 1990
082 0 0 ▼a 327 ▼2 20
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100 1 ▼a Maoz, Zeev.
245 1 0 ▼a National choices and international processes / ▼c Zeev Maoz.
260 ▼a Cambridge [England] ; ▼a New York : ▼b Cambridge University Press, ▼c 1990.
300 ▼a xviii, 609 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 24 cm.
440 0 ▼a Cambridge studies in international relations ; ▼v 8.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 566-587) and indexes.
650 0 ▼a International relations ▼x Research.
653 ▼a Foreign relations ▼a Policies ▼a Formulation

Holdings Information

No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Main Library/Graduate School of International Studies/ Call Number 327 M296n Accession No. 911000978 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service M

Contents information

Table of Contents


CONTENTS
List of figures = ⅹ
List of tables = xii
Preface = xv
1 Toward a theory of international processes = 1
 1.1 Introduction = 1
 1.2 International processes = 2
  1.2.1 Interdependence = 2
  1.2.2 Definition-related caveats = 7
 1.3 What are we after? Research questions = 9
 1.4 Theory of international processes : an overview = 11
  1.4.1 Individual choice = 12
  1.4.2 Group decision making = 21
 1.5 International outcomes = 25
 1.6 The unfolding of international processes = 29
 1.7 Some concluding notes about international processes = 35
2 Foreign policy decision making : assumptions and characterization of the approach = 37
 2.1 Introduction = 37
 2.2 Decision making : definitional elements = 38
 2.3 Units of analysis = 41
 2.4 Descriptive and normative aspects of decision making = 43
 2.5 Selection and evaluation criteria = 44
 2.6 Intellectual stages of knowledge = 47
3 The inputs of decision making : identification and conceptualization = 50
 3.1 Decision making and world politics : the epistemological linkage = 50
 3.2 The inputs of decision making = 51
  3.2.1 Personality traits and belief systems = 51
  3.2.2 Situational variables = 59
  3.2.3 Situational inputs : a summary = 69
 3.3 Organizational role = 70
 3.4 Decision making frameworks = 76
 3.5 A brief appraisal of the first stage = 81
4 The essential mathematics of inputs = 85
 4.1 Introduction = 85
 4.2 Threat perception = 86
  4.2.1 A simple example of threat perception = 87
  4.2.2 A formal definition of threat perception = 90
  4.2.3 A real-world example of threat perception = 92
 4.3 Perceived opportunities = 95
  4.3.1 A formal definition of perceived opportunities = 96
  4.3.2 How to preserve fruit? A simple example of perceived opportunities = 97
  4.3.3 Perceived opportunities in the Entebbe crisis = 98
 4.4 Time pressure = 101
 4.5 Decisional stress = 102
  4.5.1 Integrating motivational inputs = 103
 4.6 Decisional stress = 105
  4.6.1 Decisional stress in the Entebbe crisis = 106
 4.7 Perceived situational ambiguity = 108
 4.8 Cognitive complexity = 113
  4.8.1 Operational code approaches = 114
  4.8.2 Cognitive mapping and measures of cognitive complexity = 116
  4.8.3 Dimensions of cognitive complexity = 124
  4.8.4 The belief system of Henry Kissinger : substantive and structural dimensions = 127
  4.8.5 Comparing operational codes and cognitive mapping approaches = 133
 4.9 Formal structures of decision making bodies = 135
  4.9.1 Formal group structure in the Rabin government = 145
 4.10 Summary and conclusion = 146
5 Models of the decision process = 149
 5.1 Introduction = 149
 5.2 The analytic (rational) model of decision = 151
  5.2.1 Individual choice = 157
  5.2.2 Group decision making = 169
  5.2.3 General criticism of the analytic model = 177
 5.3 The cybernetic model of decision = 178
  5.3.1 Individual choice = 180
  5.3.2 Group decision making = 188
  5.3.3 Criticism of the cybernetic model = 189
 5.4 The cognitive model of decision = 190
  5.4.1 Individual choice = 192
  5.4.2 Group decision making = 206
  5.4.3 Criticism of the cognitive model = 212
 5.5 The bureaucratic politics model = 214
  5.5.1 Individual choice = 216
  5.5.2 Group decision making = 216
 5.6 Empirical evidence on the models = 217
 5.7 The stage of model-specification : an appraisal = 219
6 A formal characterization of decision processes = 224
 6.1 Introduction = 224
 6.2 The Multiple Paths to Choice(MPC) framework = 224
  6.2.1 General description = 224
 6.3 The formal structure of the evaluation stage = 232
  6.3.1 Tradeoff complexity = 237
 6.4 Coping with uncertainty : formal aspects of intuitive prediction = 249
  6.4.1 The logic of "probabilistic" language = 250
  6.4.2 Updating probability estimates = 259
 6.5 Elements of choice = 266
  6.5.1 Constructing integrated utilities = 267
  6.5.2 Combining utilities and probabilities = 269
 6.6 Collective decision making = 272
  6.6.1 Group polarization = 274
 6.7 Individual power and group structure = 278
 6.8 Characterizing group choices = 293
 6.9 Summary = 303
7 A theory of foreign policy decision making = 304
 7.1 Introduction = 304
 7.2 The stage of synthesis in foreign policy decision making research = 305
  7.2.1 Discriminating frameworks = 306
  7.2.2 Integrating inputs and processes = 309
  7.2.3 Integrating decision making and bargaining approaches = 312
 7.3 Foreign policy decision making : an integrative framework = 313
  7.3.1 General assumptions = 314
 7.4 Individual choice processes = 317
 7.5 Collective decision making = 340
 7.6 A logical and aesthetical assessment of the foreign policy decision theory = 360
  7.6.1 An assessment of the assumptions and propositions = 362
  7.6.2 Some difficulties in empirical research on political decision making = 368
 7.7 The merits and limitations of decision-related approaches to world politics = 371
  7.7.1 Contributions of decision making research = 371
  7.7.2 Limitations of decision making research : independent versus interdependent choice = 373
8 The analysis of international outcomes = 378
 8.1 Introduction = 378
 8.2 Game-theoretic models of bargaining = 379
  8.2.1 Stability analysis and decision analysis in interdependent choice settings = 387
  8.2.2 Current trends in game theory = 395
  8.2.3 Applications of game theory to international politics = 400
 8.3 Psychological theories of bargaining = 405
  8.3.1 Psychological factors affecting bargaining outcomes = 406
  8.3.2 Applications of psychological approaches to international bargaining = 409
 8.4 National choices and international outcomes = 411
  8.4.1 Objective and subjective games : the 1973 Middle East crisis = 413
  8.4.2 Defining objective games and their solutions = 418
  8.4.3 Defining and characterizing subjective games = 423
  8.4.4 Structural and substantive misperceptions in the 1911 Agadir crisis = 431
 8.5 National choices and international consequences : a model = 439
  8.5.1 Aggregating national choices to international outcomes = 440
  8.5.2 Evaluating national choices = 452
  8.5.3 National choices and the collective adaptability of international outcomes = 456
 8.6 National choices and international outcomes : an assessment of the model = 457
9 The evolution of international processes = 463
 9.1 Introduction = 463
 9.2 Step-by-step international processes = 464
  9.2.1 Outcome-discrepancies, attribution processes, and subsequent decision = 468
  9.2.2 Effects of outcome-discrepancies on situational variables = 471
  9.2.3 Relations between national decisions over time = 476
  9.2.4 Relations between international outcomes over time = 482
  9.2.5 Israeli-Syrian crises, 1948-1985 : an empirical illustration of the as hoc approach = 492
 9.3 The strategic perspective of international processes = 499
  9.3.1 Classification of strategies = 503
  9.3.2 Rules governing strategy selection and strategy change = 507
  9.3.3 Strategies in international processes = 510
 9.4 A comparative analysis of ad hoc and strategic perspectives of international processes = 513
  9.4.1 The Hitler crises, 1933 - 1939 : an empirical illustration of an international process = 518
 9.5 Integrating ad hoc and strategic perspectives of international processes = 528
10 Individual preferences, national choices, and international systems = 531
 10.1 Introduction = 531
 10.2 Summary of the theory of national choices and international processes = 532
 10.3 Theoretical and practical implications of the theory of international processes = 534
  10.3.1 Theoretical implications = 535
  10.3.2 Practical implications = 537
 10.4 Evaluation of the theory of international processes = 540
  10.4.1 Complexity = 541
  10.4.2 Imbalance in terms of theoretical emphases = 544
  10.4.3 Imbalance in terms of levels of specificity = 546
 10.5 International systems and international processes = 547
 10.6 Future research on international processes = 564
References = 566
Name Index = 588
Subject Index = 594


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