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Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite pronouns (Loan 19 times)

Material type
단행본
Personal Author
Haspelmath, Martin, 1963-
Title Statement
Indefinite pronouns / Martin Haspelmath.
Publication, Distribution, etc
Oxford, Oxfordshire :   Clarendon Press ;   New York :   Oxford University Press,   1997.  
Physical Medium
xvi, 364 p.
Series Statement
Oxford studies in typology and linguistic theory.
ISBN
0198235607 0199618526 (pbk.)
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Subject Added Entry-Topical Term
Grammar, Comparative and general -- Pronoun. Definiteness (Linguistics).
000 00892camuu2200265 a 4500
001 000000476279
005 20020221152845
008 s1997 enk bi 001 0 eng d
010 ▼a 96022238
020 ▼a 0198235607
020 ▼a 0199618526 (pbk.)
040 ▼a DLC ▼c 211009 ▼d 211009
049 1 ▼l 111084519
050 0 0 ▼a P279 ▼b .H37 1996
082 0 0 ▼a 415 ▼2 20
090 ▼a 415 ▼b H352i
100 1 ▼a Haspelmath, Martin, ▼d 1963-
245 1 0 ▼a Indefinite pronouns / ▼c Martin Haspelmath.
260 ▼a Oxford, Oxfordshire : ▼b Clarendon Press ; ▼a New York : ▼b Oxford University Press, ▼c 1997.
300 ▼a xvi, 364 p. ▼2 4 cm..
440 0 ▼a Oxford studies in typology and linguistic theory.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and index.
650 0 ▼a Grammar, Comparative and general ▼x Pronoun.
650 0 ▼a Definiteness (Linguistics).

Holdings Information

No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 415 H352i Accession No. 111084519 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M
No. 2 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 415 H352i Accession No. 111118220 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M

Contents information

Author Introduction

Martin Haspelmath(지은이)

독일 막스 플랑크 진화인류학 연구소 언어학과 선임연구원, 독일 라이프치히 대학 명예 교수

Information Provided By: : Aladin

Table of Contents


CONTENTS

Abbreviations = xiii

Notation = xv

1. Overview = 1

2. A Typological Perspective on Indefinite Pronouns = 7 

 2.1 Language Typology = 7

 2.2. Indefinite Pronouns : Definition and Delimitation of the Domain of Inquiry = 9

  2.2.1. Mixed functional-formal definitions = 9

  2.2.2. The formal criterion : 'pronoun' = 10

  2.2.3. The functional criterion : 'indefinite' = 11

 2.3. Earlier Work = 13

 2.4. The Language Samples = 15

  2.4.1. General problems of typological sampling = 15

  2.4.2. Selection of the samples for this study = 16

  2.4.3. The two samples = 17

3. Formal and Functional Types of Indefinite Pronoun = 21

 3.1. The Main Formal Types of Indefinite Pronoun = 21

  3.1.1. Types of indefiniteness marker = 21

  3.1.2. The derivational bases of indefinite pronouns = 26

  3.1.3. The ontological categories = 29

 3.2. The Main Functional Types of Indefinite Pronoun = 31

  3.2.1. Negation : negative indefinite pronouns = 31

  3.2.2. Negative polarity (or scale reversal) = 33

  3.2.3. Specificity and non-specificity = 37

  3.2.4. Knowledge of the speaker = 45

  3.2.5. Free-choice indefinite pronouns = 48

  3.2.6. Summary : the main functional distinctions = 52

 3.3. Alternatives to Indefinite Pronouns = 52

  3.3.1. Generic nouns = 52

  3.3.2. Existential sentences = 54

  3.3.3. Non-specific free relative clauses = 55

  3.3.4. Universal quantifiers = 55

  3.3.5. Languages without indefinite pronouns = 56

4. An Implicational Map for Indefinite Pronoun Functions = 58

 4.1. Multifunctionality = 58

 4.2. The Semantic Map Methodology = 59

  4.2.1. Indefiniteness markers as grammatical categories = 59

  4.2.2. The use/function-based approach = 60

  4.2.3. A geometric representation of implicational universals = 62

 4.3. The Implicational Map = 63

  4.3.1. English = 64

  4.3.2. Russian = 65

  4.3.3. Nanay = 66

 4.4. The Distributional Schemas of 40 Languages = 68

 4.5. Further Restrictions on Combinations of Functions = 76

 4.6. Earlier Formulations of Typological Implications = 77

 4.7. Some Finer Distinctions = 79

  4.7.1. Comparatives = 79

  4.7.2. Indirect negation = 80

  4.7.3. Questions = 81

  4.7.4. Expectations of the speaker = 82

 4.8. Towards an Explanation of the Implicational Map = 86

5. Theoretical Approaches to the Functions of Indefinite Pronouns = 87

 5.1. Structuralist Semantics = 87

 5.2. Logical Semantics = 90

  5.2.1. Free-choice indefinites and universal or existential quantifiers = 90

  5.2.2. (Non-)specific indefinites and referential opacity = 95

  5.2.3. Conclusion = 98

 5.3. Syntactic Approaches = 98

  5.3.1. Transformational approaches = 98

  5.3.2. A binding approach = 99

 5.4. Mental Spaces = 106

  5.4.1. Introduction to the mental-space approach = 106

  5.4.2. A definition of (non-)specificity = 108

  5.4.3. Advantages of the mental-space approach = 110

 5.5. Pragmatic Scales and Scale Reversal = 111

  5.5.1. Pragmatic scales = 111

  5.5.2. Scalar implicatures = 111

  5.5.3. Scale reversal = 113

  5.5.4. Negative-polarity items express the low point on a scale = 115

  5.5.5. Free-choice indefinites express the low point on a scale = 116

  5.5.6. Widening and strengthening = 117

 5.6. Explaining the Implicational Map = 119

 5.7. Focusing and Sentence Accent = 122

  5.7.1. Sentence accent = 123

  5.7.2. Emphatic vs. non-emphatic indefinites = 125

  5.7.3. Further meaning differences associated with sentence accent = 126

6. The Grammaticalization of Indefinite Pronouns = 129

 6.1. Diachronic Typology = 129

 6.2. Source Constructions for Indefiniteness Markers = 130

  6.2.1. The 'donno' type = 130

  6.2.2. The 'want/pleases' type = 133

  6.2.3. The 'it may be' type = 135

  6.2.4. The 'no matter' type = 140

 6.3. Grammaticalization = 141

  6.3.1. Grammaticalization theory = 141

  6.3.2. Integrity = 143

  6.3.3. Scope = 144

  6.3.4. Paradigmaticity = 146

  6.3.5. Bondedness = 146

  6.3.6. Paradigmatic and syntagmatic variability = 147

  6.3.7. The explanatory power of grammaticalization = 147

 6.4. Desemanticization : The Semantic Side of Grammaticalization = 148

  6.4.1. Three competing theories of semantic grammaticalization = 148

  6.4.2. Extension from 'free choice' = 149

  6.4.3. Semantic change as weakening = 150

  6.4.4. Extension from 'dunno' = 153

 6.5. From Free-Choice Indefinite to Universal Quantifier = 154

7. Further Sources of Indefinite Pronouns = 157

 7.1. Indefinite Pronouns Marked by Scalar Focus Particles = 157

  7.1.1. The facts = 157

  7.1.2. Two possible pathways = 159

  7.1.3. Towards an explanation = 163

 7.2. Indefinite Pronouns from 'Or' ? = 164

 7.3. Bare Interrogatives as Indefinites = 170

  7.3.1. Bare interrogatives and strategies for disambiguation = 170

  7.3.2. Bare interrogatives in Indo-European = 171

  7.3.3. Why are indefinites often identical to interrogatives ? = 174

  7.3.4. The multiple partitive use of bare interrogatives = 177

 7.4. Indefinite Pronouns Derived by Reduplication = 179

 7.5. Some Further Diachronic Issues = 182

  7.5.1. Generic nouns turned pronouns = 182

  7.5.2. Indefinite pronouns from 'one' = 183

  7.5.3. Borrowing of indefiniteness markers = 184

  7.5.4. Semantic enrichment by implicature : appreciative and depreciative meanings = 186

8. Negative Indefinite Pronouns = 193

 8.1. The Main Syntactic Types of Negative Indefinite = 193

  8.1.1. The consensus : four types = 193

  8.1.2. Negative indefinites and elliptical contexts = 194

  8.1.3. 'Special indefinites' = 199

 8.2. Negative Indefinites and Verbal Negation = 200

  8.2.1. What counts as verbal negation = 200

  8.2.2. Main subtypes with respect to verbal negation = 201

  8.2.3. Type V-NI : No co-occurrence with verbal negation = 203

  8.2.4. Type (N)V-NI : variation in co-occurrence with verbal negation = 210

  8.2.5. Type NV-NI : Obligatory co-occurrence with verbal negation = 214

  8.2.6. Co-occurrence of several negative indefinites in one clause = 218

 8.3. Diachronic Sources of Negative Indefinites = 221

  8.3.1. Negative scalar focus particles = 222

  8.3.2. Minimal-unit and maximal-unit expressions = 226

  8.3.3. Summary of diachronic sources = 229

  8.3.4. From negative to non-negative indefinite ? = 230

 8.4. Concluding Remarks = 233

9. Conclusions = 235

 9.1. Summary of the Results of This Work = 235

  9.1.1. Typological generalizations about indefinite pronouns = 235

  9.1.2. Explanations of the generalizations = 237

  9.1.3. Remaining puzzles = 238

 9.2. Wider Typological and Areal Connections = 238

  9.2.1. Looking for typological correlations = 238

  9.2.2. Indefinite pronoun type and word order in the 100-language sample = 239

  9.2.3. Continent-sized areas of indefinite pronoun type = 241

Appendices

 A. The Data of the 40-Language Sample = 244

 B. The Data of the 100-Language Sample = 318

References = 334

Index of Languages = 355

Index of Authors = 358

Index of Subjects = 362



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