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The Cambridge encyclopedia of the English language

The Cambridge encyclopedia of the English language (9회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Crystal, David , 1941-.
서명 / 저자사항
The Cambridge encyclopedia of the English language / David Crystal.
발행사항
Cambridge [England] ;   New York :   Cambridge University Press ,   1995.  
형태사항
vii, 489 p. : Ill.,Maps,Photographs ; 28 cm.
ISBN
0521401798 (hc)
내용주기
Modelling English -- The origins of English -- Old English -- Middle English -- Early modern English -- Modern English -- World English -- The nature of the lexicon -- The sources of the lexicon -- Etymology -- The structure of the lexicon -- Lexical dimensions -- Grammatical mythology -- The structure of words -- Word classes -- The structure of sentences -- The sound system -- The writing system -- Varieties of discourse -- Regional variation -- Social variation -- Personal variation -- Learning English as a mother tongue -- New ways of studying English.
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references and index.
일반주제명
English language --Handbooks, manuals, etc.
비통제주제어
English language,,
000 01424camuuu200277 4500
001 000000472138
003 OCoLC
005 19970410023521.0
008 s1995 enkabo bei 001 eng
010 ▼a 94023918
015 ▼a GB95-51271
020 ▼a 0521401798 (hc)
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d UKM ▼d ZVM
049 1 ▼l 111081361
050 0 0 ▼a PE1072 ▼b .C68 1995
082 0 0 ▼a 420 ▼2 20
090 ▼a 420 ▼b C957c
100 1 ▼a Crystal, David , ▼d 1941-.
245 1 4 ▼a The Cambridge encyclopedia of the English language / ▼c David Crystal.
260 ▼a Cambridge [England] ; ▼a New York : ▼b Cambridge University Press , ▼c 1995.
300 ▼a vii, 489 p. : ▼b Ill.,Maps,Photographs ; ▼c 28 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and index.
505 0 ▼a Modelling English -- The origins of English -- Old English -- Middle English -- Early modern English -- Modern English -- World English -- The nature of the lexicon -- The sources of the lexicon -- Etymology -- The structure of the lexicon -- Lexical dimensions -- Grammatical mythology -- The structure of words -- Word classes -- The structure of sentences -- The sound system -- The writing system -- Varieties of discourse -- Regional variation -- Social variation -- Personal variation -- Learning English as a mother tongue -- New ways of studying English.
650 0 ▼a English language ▼x Handbooks, manuals, etc.
653 0 ▼a English language

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컨텐츠정보

목차


CONTENTS

1 Modelling English = 2

PARTⅠ The HISTORY OF English = 4

 2 The origins of English = 6

 3 Old English = 8

  Early borrowings = 8

  Runes = 9

  The Old English corpus = 10

  Litemiy texts = 12

  The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle = 14

  Spelling = 16

  Sounds = 18

  Grammar = 20

  Vcoabulary = 22

  Late borrowings = 24

  Dialects = 28

 4 Middle English = 30

  French and English = 30

  The transition from Old English = 32

  The Middle English corpus = 34

  Literary texts = 36

  Chaucer = 38

  Spellig = 40

  Sounds = 42

  Grammar = 44

  Vocabulary = 46

  Latin bonowings = 48

  Dialects = 50

  Middle Scots = 52

  The origns of Standard English = 54

 5 Early Modern English = 56

  Caxton = 56

  Tiansitional texts = 58

  Renaissancc English = 60

  The inkhorn controversy = 61

  Shakespeare = 62

  The King James Bible = 64

  Spellig and regularization = 66

  Punctuation = 68

  Sounds = 69

  Grammar = 70

  Vocabulary = 72

  The Academy debate = 73

  Johnson = 74

 6 Modern English = 76

  Transition = 76

  Grammatical trends = 77

  Prescriptivism = 78

  American English = 80

  Breaking the rules = 84

  Variety awarenss = 86

  Scientific langange = 87

  Literary voices = 88

  Dickens = 89

  Recent trends = 90

 7 World English = 92

  The New World = 92

  American dialects = 93

  Canada = 95

  Black English Vernacular = 96

  Australia = 98

  New Zealand = 99

  South Africa = 100

  South Asia = 101

  West Africa = 102

  East Africa = 103

  South-East Asia atid the South Pacific = 104

  A world langange= 106

  Numbers of speakers = 108

  Standard English = 110

  The future of English = 112

  English threatened and as threat = 114

PARTⅡ ENGLISH VOCABULARY = 116

 8 The nature of the lexicon = 118

  Lexemes = 118

  The size of the English lexicon = 119

  Abbreviations = 120

  Proper names = 122

  The size of a person's lexicon = 123

 9 The sources of the lexicon = 124

  Native vocabultary = 124

  Foreign borrowings = 126

  Word-formation = 128

  Unusual structures = 130

  Lexical creation = 132

  Literary neologism = 134

 10 Etymology = 136

  Lexical history = 136

  Semantic change, = 138

  Folk etymology = 139

  Place names = 140

  Surnames = 148

  First name = 150

  Nicknanms = 152

  Object names = 154

  Eponyms = 155

 11 The structure of the lexicon = 156

  Semantic structure = 156

  Semantic fields = 157

  Dictionary and thesaurus = 158

  Collocations = 160

  Lexical piedictaability = 162

  Idioms = 163

  Synonyms = 164

  Antonyms = 165

  Hyponyms = 166

  Incompatibility = 167

  Other sense relations = 168

 12 Lexical dimensions = 170

  Loaded vocabulary = 170

  Taboo = 172

  Swearing = 173

  Jargon = 174

  Doublespeak = 176

  Political correctness = 177

  Catah phrases = 178

  Vogue words = 179

  Slogans = 180

  Graffiti = 181

  Slang = 182

  Quotation = 184

  Proverbs = 184

  Archaisms = 185

  Clich$$\acute eX$$s = 186

  Last words = 187

PARTⅢ ENGLISH GRAMMAR = 188

 13 Grammatical mythology = 190

  The nature of grammar = 190

  Knowing vs knowing about= 191

  Traditional grammar = 192

  Prescriptive grammar = 194

  The 20th-century legacy = 196

  The main branches of grammar = 197

 14 The structure of words = 198

  Morphology = 198

  Suffixation = 198

  Adjectives = 199

  NounS = 200

  The apostrophe = 203

  Pronouns = 203

  Verbs = 204

 15 Word classes = 206

  Parts of speeh = 206

  Traditional definitions = 206

  New classes = 207

  Nouns = 208

  Pronouns = 210

  Adjectives = 211

  Adverbs = 211

  Verbs = 212

  Prepositions = 213

  Conjunctions = 213

  Interjections = 213

 16 The structure of sentences = 214

  Spoken and written syntax = 214

  Types of sentence = 216

  Sentence structure = 217

  Sentence functions = 218

  Clause elements and types = 220

  Phrases = 222

  Noun Phrases = 222

  Verb Phrases = 224

  Multiple sentences = 226

  Abbreviation = 228

  Disjuncts and comment clauses = 229

  Reporting speech = 230

  Sentence information = 231

  Beyond the sentence = 232

PARTⅣ SPOKEN AND WRITTEN ENGLISH = 234

 17 The sound system = 236

  Phonetics and phonology = 236

  Vocal organs = 236

  Vowels = 237

  Consononts = 242

  Syllables = 246

  Connected speech = 247

  Prosody = 248

  Sound and symbolism = 250

  Pronunciation in practice = 254

 18 The writing system = 256

  Graphetics graphology = 257

  Typography = 257

  The alphabet = 258

  Properties of letters = 265

  Letter frequency = 265

  Letter distribution = 266

  Letter symbolism = 268

  Analysing handwriting = 269

  Graphetic variety = 270

  Spelling = 272

  Sources of irregularity = 274

  Spelling reform = 276

  Punctuation = 278

  The development of the writing system = 280

PARTⅤ USING ENGLISH = 284

 19 Varieties of discourse = 286

  Structure vs use = 286

  Pragmatic issues = 286

  The nature of discourse = 287

  Microlinguistic studies = 288

  Texts and varietics = 290

  Speech vs writing = 291

  Mixed medium = 292

  Monologue and dialgue = 294

 20 Regional variation = 298

  Accent and dialect = 298

  International and intranational = 299

  A day in the life of the language = 300

  American and British Englislh = 306

  Ain erican dialects = 312

  British dialects = 318

  Scotland = 328

  Wales = 334

  Ireland = 336

  Canada = 340

  Caribbcean = 344

  Pidgins and creoles = 346

  Australia = 350

  New Zealand = 354

  South Africa = 356

  New Englishes = 358

 21 Social variation = 364

  Sociolinguistic perspectivc = 364

  Received Pronunciation = 365

  Prescriptive attitudes = 366

  Gender = 368

  Occupation = 370

  Religion = 37

  Scicence = 372

  Law = 374

  Plain English = 377

  Politics = 378

  News mcdia = 380

  journalism = 382

  Broadcasting = 384

  Weather forecasting = 385

  Sports commentary = 386

  Advertising = 388

  Restricted varieties = 390

  New varieties = 392

 22 Personal variation = 394

  Individual differences = 394

  Deviance = 395

  Word games = 396

  Rule-breaking varieties = 400

  The edges of language = 403

  Jokes and puns = 404

  Comic alphabets = 407

  Variety humum = 410

  Literary freedom = 412

  Phonetics and phonology = 414

  Grapheties and graphology = 416

  Grammar and lexicon = 418

  Discourse and variety =420

  Stylometry = 423

PARTⅥ LEARNING ABOUT ENGLISH = 424

 23 Learning English as a mother tongue = 426

  Child language acquisition = 426

  Literacy = 427

  Grammatical development = 428

  Early words and sounds = 430

  Rcading and writing = 432

  Insufficient language = 434

  Languang disability = 434

 24 New ways of studying English = 436

  Technological revolution = 436

  Corpus studies = 438

  National and international corpora = 440

  Dictionaries = 442

  Innovations = 444

  Sources and resources = 446

APPENDICES = 447

 Ⅰ Glossary, = 448

 Ⅱ Special syiiibols and abbreviations = 461

 Ⅲ References = 462

 Ⅳ Further reading = 467

 Ⅴ Indext of linguistic = 470

 Ⅵ IndexIiidex of authors and personalities = 472

 Ⅶ Index of topics = 475

  Acknowledgements = 486



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