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Intermediate microeconomics : a modern approach 3rd ed

Intermediate microeconomics : a modern approach 3rd ed (Loan 100 times)

Material type
단행본
Personal Author
Varian, Hal R.
Title Statement
Intermediate microeconomics : a modern approach / Hal R. Varian.
판사항
3rd ed.
Publication, Distribution, etc
New York :   W.W. Norton & Company,   c1993.  
Physical Medium
xxiv, 623, A36 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0393963209
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Subject Added Entry-Topical Term
Microeconomics.
비통제주제어
Microeconomics,,
000 00748camuuu200253 a 4500
001 000000425945
005 19980813142826.0
008 s1993 nyua 001 0 eng
010 ▼a 92031208
020 ▼a 0393963209
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d IAI ▼d UKM ▼d PIT
049 1 ▼l 111068235 ▼l 412916024
050 0 0 ▼a HB172 ▼b .V34 1993
082 0 0 ▼a 338.5 ▼2 20
090 ▼a 338.5 ▼b V299i3
100 1 ▼a Varian, Hal R.
245 1 0 ▼a Intermediate microeconomics : ▼b a modern approach / ▼c Hal R. Varian.
250 ▼a 3rd ed.
260 ▼a New York : ▼b W.W. Norton & Company, ▼c c1993.
300 ▼a xxiv, 623, A36 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and index.
650 0 ▼a Microeconomics.
653 0 ▼a Microeconomics

Holdings Information

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No. 2 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 338.5 V299i3 Accession No. 412916024 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M

Contents information

Table of Contents


CONTENTS
1 The Market
 Constructing a Model = 1
 Optimization and Equilibrium = 3
 The Demand Curve = 3
 The Supply Curve = 5
 Market Equilibrium = 7
 Comparative Statics = 9
 Other Ways to Allocate Apartments = 11
 The Discriminating Monopolist : The Ordinary Monopolist : Rent Control Which Way Is Best? = 14
 Pareto Efficiency = 15
 Comparing Ways to Allocate Apartments = 16
 Equilibrium in the Long Run = 17
 Summary = 18
 Review Questions = 19
2 Budget Constraint
 The Budget Constraint = 20
 Two Goods Are Often Enough = 21
 Properties of the Budget Set = 22
 How the Budget Line Changes = 24
 The Numeraire = 26
 Taxes, Subsidies, and Rationing = 26
 Example : The Food Stamp Program Budget Line Changes = 31
 Summary = 31
 Review Questions = 32
3 Preferences
 Consumer Preferences = 34
 Assumptions about Preferences = 35
 Indifference Curves = 36
 Examples of Preferences = 37
 Perfect Substitutes : Perfect Complements : Bads : Neutrals : Satiation : Discrete Goods : Well-Behaved Preferences = 44
 The Marginal Rate of Substitution = 48
 Other Interpretations of the MRS = 50
 Behavior of the MRS = 51
 Summary = 52
 Review Questions = 52
4 Utility
 Cardinal Utility = 57
 Constructing a Utility Function = 58
 Some Examples of Utility Functions = 59
 Example : Indifference Curves from Utility Perfect Substitutes : Perfect Complements : Quasilinear Preferences :
 Cobb-Douglas Preferences : Marginal Utility = 65
 Marginal Utility and MRS = 66
 Utility for Commuting = 67
 Summary = 69
 Review Questions = 70
 Appendix = 70
 Example : Cobb-Douglas Preferences
5 Choice
 Optimal Choice = 73
 Consumer Demand = 78
 Some Examples = 78
 Perfect Substitutes : Perfect Complements : Neutrals and Bads : Discrete Goods : Concave Preferences : Cobb-Douglas
 Preferences
 Estimating Utility Functions = 83
 Implications of the MRS Condition = 85
 Choosing Taxes = 86
 Summary = 89
 Review Questions = 88
 Appendix = 90
 Example : Cobb-Douglas Demand Functions
6 Demand
 Normal and Inferior Goods = 96
 Income Offer Curves and Engel Curves = 97
 Some Examples = 99
 Perfect Substitutes : Perfect Complements : Cobb-Douglas Preferences : Homothetic Preferences : Quasilinear Preferences : Ordinary Goods and Giffen Goods 103
 The Offer Curve and the Demand Curve = 106
 Some Examples = 107
 Perfect Substitutes : Perfect Complements : A Discrete Good : Substitutes and Complements = 111
 The Inverse Demand Curve = 112
 Summary = 114
 Review Questions = 115
 Appendix = 115
7 Revealed Preference
 The Idea of Revealed Preference = 118
 From Revealed Preference to Preference = 118
 Recovering Preferences = 121
 The Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference = 123
 Checking WARP = 124
 The Strong Axiom of Revealed Preference = 127
 How to Check SARP = 128
 Index Numbers = 129
 Price Indices = 131
 Example : Indexing Social Security Payments Summary = 133
 Review Questions = 134
8 Slutsky Equation
 The Substitution Effect = 136
 Example : Calculating the Substitution Effect The Income Effect = 140
 Example : Calculating the Income Effect Sign of the Substitution Effect = 141
 The Total Change in Demand = 142
 Rates of Change = 143
 The Law of Demand = 146
 Examples of Income and Substitution Effects = 146
 Examples : Rebating a Tax Another Substitution Effect = 150
 Compensated Demand Curves = 153
 Summary = 153
 Review Questions = 154
 Appendix = 154
 Example : Rebating a Small Tax
9 Buying and Selling
 Net and Gross Demands = 157
 The Budget Constraint = 158
 Changing the Endowment = 160
 Price Changes = 161
 Offer Curves and Demand Curves = 164
 The Slutsky Equation Revisited = 166
 Use of the Slutsky Equation = 168
 Example : Calculating the Endowment Income Effect Labor Supply = 170
 The Budget Constraint : Comparative Statics of Labor Supply = 171
 Example : Overtime and the Supply of Labor Summary = 175
 Review Questions = 176
 Appendix = 176
10 Intertemporal Choice
 The Budget Constraint = 179
 Preferences for Consumption = 182
 Comparative Statics = 183
 The Slutsky Equation and Intertemporal Choice = 184
 Inflation = 186
 Present Value : A Closer Look = 188
 Analyzing Present Value for Several Periods = 189
 Use of Present Value = 190
 Example : Valuing a Stream of Payments
 Example : The True Cost of a Credit Card Bonds = 194
 Example : Installment Loans Taxes = 196
 Example : Scholarships and Savings Choice of the Interest Rate = 197
 Summary = 188
 Review Questions = 198
11 Asset Markets
 Rates of Return = 199
 Arbitrage and Present Value = 201
 Adjustments for Differences among Assets = 201
 Assets with Consumption Returns = 202
 Taxation of Asset Returns = 203
 Applications = 204
 Depletable Resources : When to Cut a Forest : Example : Gasoline Prices during the Gulf War Financial Institutions = 208
 Summary = 208
 Review Questions = 210
 Appendix = 210
12 Uncertainty
 Contingent Consumption = 212
 Utility Functions and Probabilities = 216
 Example Some Examples of Utility Functions Expected Utility = 217
 Why Expected Utility Is Reasonable = 218
 Risk Aversion = 220
 Example : The Demand for Insurance Diversification = 224
 Risk Spreading = 224
 Role of the Stock Market = 226
 Summary = 226
 Review Questions = 226
 Appendix = 227
 Example : The Effect of Taxation on Investment in Risky Assets
13 Risky Assets
 Mean-Variance Utility = 230
 Measuring Risk = 235
 Equilibrium in a Market for Risky Assess = 237
 How Returns Adjust = 238
 Example : Ranking Mutual Funds Summary = 242
 Review Questions = 242
14 Consumer's Surplus
 Demand for a Discrete Good = 244
 Constructing Utility from Demand = 245
 Other Interpretations of Consumer's Surplus = 246
 From Consumer's Surplus to Consumers' Surplus = 247
 Approximating a Continuous Demand = 247
 Quasilinear Utility = 247
 Interpreting the Change in Consumer's Surplus = 248
 Example : The Change in Consumer's Surplus Compensating and Equivalent Variation = 250
 Example : Compensating and Equivalent Variations
 Example : Compensating and Equivalent Variation for Quasilinear Preferences Producer's Surplus = 254
 Calculating Gains and Losses = 256
 Summary = 257
 Review Questions = 258
 Appendix = 258
 Example : A Few DemandFunctions
 Example : CV, EV, and Consumer's Surplus
15 Market Demand
 From Individual to Market Demand = 261
 The Inverse Demand Curve = 263
 Example : Adding Up "Linear" Demand Curves Discrete Goods = 264
 The Extensive and the Intensive Margin = 264
 Elasticity = 265
 Example : The Elasticity of a Linear Demand Curve Elasticity and Demand = 267
 Elasticity and Revenue = 268
 Example : Strikes and Profits Constant Elasticity Demands = 271
 Elasticity and Marginal Revenue = 272
 Example : Setting a Price Marginal Revenue Curves = 274
 Summary = 275
 Review Questions = 276
 Appendix = 276
 Example : The Laffer Curve
 Example : Another Expression for Elasticity
16 Equilibrium
 Supply = 282
 Market Equilibrium = 282
 Two Special Cases = 283
 Inverse Demand and Supply Curves = 284
 Example : Equilibrium with Linear Curves Comparative Statics = 286
 Example : Shifting Both Curves Taxes = 287
 Example : Taxation with Linear Demand and Supply Passing Along a Tax = 291
 The Deadweight Loss of a Tax = 293
 Example : The Market for Loans Example : Foot Subsidies Pareto Efficiency = 299
 Example : Waiting in Line Summary = 301
 Review Questions = 302
17 Technology
 Inputs and Outputs = 303
 Describing Technological Constraints = 304
 Examples of Technology = 305
 Fixed Proportions : Perfect Substitutes : Cobb-Douglas : Properties of Technology = 307
 The Marginal Product = 308
 The Technical Rate of Substitution = 309
 Diminishing Marginal Product = 310
 Diminishing Technical Rate of Substitution = 310
 The Long Run and the Short Run = 311
 Returns to Scale = 311
 Summary = 313
 Review Questions = 314
18 Profit Maximization
 Profits = 316
 The Organization of Firms = 317
 Profits and Stock Market Value = 317
 Fixed and Variable Factors = 319
 Short-Run Profit Maximization = 319
 Comparative Statics = 321
 Profit Maximization in the Long Run = 322
 Inverse Factor Demand Curves = 323
 Profit Maximization and Returns to Scale = 324
 Revealed Profitability = 325
 Example : How Do Farmers React to Price Supports? Cost Minimization = 329
 Summary = 329
 Review Questions = 380
 Appendix = 331
19 Cost Minimization
 Cost Minimization = 333
 Example : Minimizing Costs for Specific Technologies Revealed Cost Minimization = 337
 Returns to Scale and the Cost Function = 338
 Long-Run and Short-Run Costs = 340
 Fixed and Quasi-Fixed Costs = 342
 Summary = 342
 Review Questions = 342
 Appendix = 343
20 Cost Curves
 Average Costs = 346
 Marginal Costs = 348
 Marginal Costs and Variable Costs = 350
 Example : Specific Cost Curves
 Example : Marginal Cost Curves for Two Plants Long-Run Costs = 354
 Discrete Levels of Plant Size = 357
 Long-Run Marginal Costs = 358
 Summary = 359
 Review Questions = 360
 Appendix = 360
21 Firm Supply
 Market Environments = 362
 Pure Competition = 363
 The Supply Decision of a Competitive Firm = 366
 An Exception = 367
 Another Exception = 368
 The Inverse Supply Curve = 368
 Profits and Producer's Surplus = 369
 Example : The Supply Curve for a Specific Cost Function
 The Long-Run Supply Curve of a Firm = 374
 Long-Run Constant Average Costs = 376
 Summary = 377
 Review Questions = 377
 Appendix = 378
22 Industry Supply
 Short-Run Industry Supply = 379
 Industry Equilibrium in the Short Run = 380
 Industry Equilibrium in the Long Run = 381
 The Long-Run Supply Curve = 383
 Example : Taxation in Long Run and in Short Run The Meaning of Zero Profits = 387
 Fixed Factors and Economic Rent = 388
 Economic Rent = 390
 Rental Rates and Prices = 391
 The Politics of Rent = 392
 Example : Farming the Government Energy Policy = 393
 Two-Tiered Oil Pricing : Price Controls : The Entitlement Program
 Summary = 398
 Review Questions = 398
23 Monopoly
 Maximizing Profits = 400
 Linear Demand Curve and Monopoly = 401
 Markup Pricing = 403
 Example : The Impact of Taxes on a Monopolist Inefficiency of Monopoly = 405
 Deadweight Loss of Monopoly = 407
 Example : The Optimal Life of a Patent Natural Monopoly = 410
 What Causes Monopolies? = 412
 Example : Diamonds Are Forever Summary = 414
 Review Questions = 415
 Appendix = 416
 Example : Value Taxes and Quantity Taxes
24 Monopoly Behavior
 Price Discrimination = 420
 First-Degree Price Discrimination = 420
 Second-Degree Price Discrimination = 421
 Third-Degree Price Discrimination = 422
 Example : Linear DemandCurves
 Example : Calculating Optimal Price Discrimination
 Example : Price Discrimination in Academic Journals Two-Part Tariffs = 426
 Monopolistic Competition = 427
 Example : A Location Model of Product Differentiation Product Differentiation = 433
 Summary = 433
 Review Questions = 434
25 Factor Markets
 Monopoly in the Output Market = 435
 Monopsony = 438
 Example : The Minimum Wage Upstream and Downstream Monopolies = 442
 Summary = 444
 Review Questions = 445
 Appendix = 445
26Oligopoly
 Choosing a Strategy = 448
 Quantity Leadership = 448
 The Follower's Problem : The Leader's Problem : Price Leadership = 454
 Comparing Price Leadership and Quantity Leadership = 456
 Simultaneous Quantity Setting = 456
 An Example of Cournot Equilibrium = 458
 Adjustment to Equilibrium = 460
 Many Firms in Cournot Equilibrium = 460
 Simultaneous Price Setting = 461
 Collusion = 462
 Example : Price Matching and Competition
 Example : Voluntary Export Restraints Comparison of the Solutions = 467
 Summary = 467
 Review Questions = 468
27 Game Theory
 The Payoff Matrix of a Game = 469
 Nash Equilibrium = 47l
 Mixed Strategies = 472
 The Prisoner's Dilemma = 473
 Repeated Games = 475
 Enforcing a Cartel = 476
 Sequential Games = 477
 A Game of Entry Deterrence = 479
 Summary = 481
 Review Questions = 481
28 Exchange
 The Edgeworth Box = 484
 Trade = 486
 Pareto Efficient Allocations = 487
 Market Trade = 489
 The Algebra of Equilibrium = 491
 Walras' Law = 493
 Relative Prices = 494
 Example : An Algebraic Example of Equilibrium The Existence of Equilibrium = 496
 Equilibrium and Efficiency = 497
 The Algebra of Efficiency = 498
 Example : Monopoly in the Edgeworth Box Efficiency and Equilibrium = 501
 Implications of the First Welfare Theorem = 503
 Implications of the Second Welfare Theorem = 505
 Summary = 507
 Review Questions = 508
 Appendix = 508
29 Production
 The Robinson Crusoe Economy = 510
 Crusoe, Inc. = 512
 The Firm = 513
 Robinson's Problem = 514
 Putting Them Together = 515
 Different Technologies = 516
 Production and the First Welfare Theorem = 518
 Production and the Second Welfare Theorem = 519
 Production Possibilities = 519
 Comparative Advantage = 521
 Pareto Efficiency = 523
 Castaways, Inc. = 525
 Robinson and Friday as Consumers = 527
 Decentralized Resource Allocation = 528
 Summary = 528
 Review Questions = 529
 Appendix = 530
30 Welfare
 Aggregation of Preferences = 533
 Social Welfare Functions = 535
 Welfare Maximization = 537
 Individualistic Social Welfare Functions = 539
 Fair Allocations = 540
 Envy and Equity = 541
 Summary = 543
 Review Questions = 543
 Appendix = 544
31 Externalities
 Smokers and Nonsmokers = 546
 Quasilinear Preferences and the Coase Theorem = 549
 Production Externalities = 551
 Example : Pollution Vouchers Interpretation of the Conditions = 556
 Market Signals = 559
 The Tragedy of the Commons = 559
 Example : Overfishing Automobile Pollution = 563
 Summery = 564
 Review Questions = 565
32 Law and Economics
 Crime and Punishment = 566
 Qualifications = 569
 Liability Law = 570
 Bilateral Accidents = 572
 Treble Damages in Antitrust Law = 574
 Seeking to Be Damaged : Which Model Is Right? = 577
 Summary = 577
 Review Questions = 577
33 Public Goods
 When to Provide a Public Good? = 579
 Private Provision of the Public Good = 583
 Free Riding = 584
 Different Levels of the Public Good = 585
 Quasilinear Preferences and Public Goods = 587
 Example : Pollution Revisited The Free Rider Problem = 589
 Comparison to Private Goods = 591
 Voting = 592
 Example : Agenda Manipulation Demand Revelation = 595
 Example : An Example of the Clarke Tax Problems with the Clarke Tax = 599
 Summary = 600
 Review Questions = 600
 Appendix = 601
34 Information
 The Market for Lemons = 603
 Quality Choice = 604
 Choosing the Quality : Adverse Selection = 606
 Moral Harvard = 608
 Moral Hazard and Adverse Selection = 609
 Signaling = 610
 Example : The Sheepskin Effect Incentives = 614
 Example : Voting Rights in the Corporation
 Example : Chinese Economic Reforms Asymmetric Information = 619
 Example : Monitoring Costs
 Example : The Grameen Bank Summary = 622
 Review Questions = 623
35 Mathematical Appendix
 Functions = Al
 Graphs = A2
 Properties of Functions = A2
 Inverse Functions = A3
 Equations and Identities = A3
 Linear Functions = A4
 Changes and Rates of Change = A4
 Slopes and Intercepts = A6
 Absolute Values and Logarithms = A6
 Derivatives = A6
 Second Derivatives = A7
 The Product Rule and the Chain Rule = A8
 Partial Derivatives = A8
 Optimization = A8
 Constrained Optimization = A10
Answers = All
Index = A29


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