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Fairness in international law and institutions

Fairness in international law and institutions (14회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Franck, Thomas M.
서명 / 저자사항
Fairness in international law and institutions / Thomas M. Franck.
발행사항
Oxford :   Clarendon Press ;   New York :   Oxford University Press,   1995.  
형태사항
xxxvi, 500 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0198259018 (alk. paper)
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references and index.
일반주제명
International law --Philosophy. Fairness. Justice.
000 00796camuuu200265 a 4500
001 000000424628
003 OCoLC
005 19970910133325.0
008 950606s1995 enk b 001 0 eng
010 ▼a 95024168
020 ▼a 0198259018 (alk. paper)
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC
049 ▼a ACCL ▼l 111063905
050 0 0 ▼a JX1245 ▼b .F73 1995
082 0 0 ▼a 341/.01 ▼2 20
090 ▼a 341.01 ▼b F822f
100 1 ▼a Franck, Thomas M.
245 1 0 ▼a Fairness in international law and institutions / ▼c Thomas M. Franck.
260 ▼a Oxford : ▼b Clarendon Press ; ▼a New York : ▼b Oxford University Press, ▼c 1995.
300 ▼a xxxvi, 500 p. ; ▼c 24 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and index.
650 0 ▼a International law ▼x Philosophy.
650 0 ▼a Fairness.
650 0 ▼a Justice.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/법학보존서고(법학도서관 지하2층)/ 청구기호 341.01 F822f 등록번호 111063905 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

목차


CONTENTS
Table of Cases = xv
Table of Conventions & Treaties = xxii
Table of Legislation = xxxv
PART Ⅰ. A CRITICAL ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK FOR A CRITIQUE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
 Chapter 1. Fairness and International Law : An Analytical Framework = 3
  1. Maturity and Complexity in International Law = 4
  2. The Post-Ontological Search for Fairness = 7
   a. Legitimacy as Procedural Fairness = 7
   b. Distributive Justice as Fairness = 8
  3. Two Preconditions of Fairness Discourse = 9
   a. Moderate Scarcity = 9
   b. Community = 10
   c. The Existential Movement : Moderate Security and Community Now = 11
  4. The Gatekeepers of Fairness Discourse = 14
   a. No Trumping = 16
   b. Maximim = 18
  5. A Caveat = 22
 Chapter 2. Legitimacy and Fairness = 25
  1. Legitimacy, Community, and the Social Contract = 26
  2. The Indicators of Legitimacy = 30
   a. Determinacy = 30
   b. Symbolic Validation = 34
   c. Coherence = 38
   d. Adherence = 41
 Chapter 3. Equity as Fairness = 47
  1. Equity as Law's Justice : Historical Origins = 48
   a. 'Unjust Enrichment' = 50
   b. Estoppel or 'Bon Fois' (Good Faith) = 51
   c. Acquiescence = 53
  2. The Distinction Between Equity and Ex Aequo et Bono = 54
  3. Equity as a Mode of Introducing Justice into Resource Allocation = 56
   a. Corrective Equity = 58
    (ⅰ) Corrective Equity in Trading Arrangements = 58
    (ⅱ) Corrective Equity in Continental Shelf Allocation = 61
   b. Broadly Conceived Equity = 65
    (ⅰ) Broadly Conceived Equity in Continental Shelf Allocation = 66
    (ⅱ) Broadly Conceived Equity in Conventional Arrangements = 74
   c. Common Heritage Equity = 75
  4. Conclusions = 79
PART Ⅱ. FAIRNESS IN EMPOWERMENT OF PERSONS AND PEOPLES
 Chapter 4. Fairness to Persons : The Democratic Entitlement = 83
  1. Introduction : The Power of Democratic Legitimacy = 83
  2. The Validation of Governance = 85
  3. The Legitimacy of International Validation = 89
  4. Associational Freedom : Historic Self-Determination = 91
  5. Discursive Rights = 98
   a. The Human Rights Declaration and Civil and Political Rights Covenant = 98
   b. Process Determinacy : The Human Rights Committee = 100
   c. Other Systemic Protection of Discursive/Political Rights = 104
  6. Electoral Rights = 105
   a. Post-Colonial Election Monitoring = 105
   b. Enunciating Electoral Democracy = 109
   c. The Future of International Guarantees of Free and Fair Elections = 117
   d. Coherence of Underlying Normative Structure = 121
   e. Renouncing Unilateralism = 130
   f. Treating Like Cases Alike = 132
  7. Peace and the Democratic Entitlement = 134
  8. Conclusion : The Emergence of Democracy as a Global Normative Entitlement = 137
 Chapter 5. Fairness to 'Peoples' and their Right to Self-Determination = 140
  1. Postmodern Neo-Tribalism : An Introduction = 140
  2. Uti Possidetis v. Self-Determination = 146
  3. Legal Antecedents of Postmodern Claims to Neo-Tribal Self-Determination = 147
  4. Confined by Uti Possidetis and Self-Determination = 149
  5. A Post-Colonial Right to Secession? = 154
  6. Redefining the Rules Ⅰ : Focussing on Amelioration = 162
  7. Redefining the Rules Ⅱ : The Effort to Deconstruct the Problem = 168
PART Ⅲ. FAIRNESS AND INSTITUTIONAL POWER
 Chapter 6. Administrative Impartiality as Fairness : The UN Secretary-General's Good Offices and Other 'Third Party' Functions = 173
  1. Introduction = 173
  2. Historical Perspective : Earlier Cases = 175
  3. Some Recent Examples of 'Good Offices' = 180
   a. Some Successes = 180
    (ⅰ) Iran-Iraq = 180
    (ⅱ) Afghanistan = 181
    (ⅲ) Namibia = 183
    (ⅳ) Cambodia = 184
    (ⅴ) Central America = 185
    (ⅵ) Hostages held in Lebanon = 188
    (ⅶ) Russian Relations with Baltic States = 188
    (ⅷ) Mozambique = 188
    (ⅸ) Some Legal Disputes : Libya-Malta and the Rainbow Warrior = 189
    (ⅹ) Guyana and Venezuela = 191
    (xi) Abkhazia = 191
   b. Frustrated Interventions by the Secretary - General = 193
    (ⅰ) Cyprus = 193
    (ⅱ) Western Sahara = 195
    (ⅲ) East Timor = 198
    (ⅳ) Iraq-Kuwait = 198
    (ⅴ) Libya = 199
    (ⅵ) Macedonia = 200
    (ⅶ) Burundi = 200
   C. Joint Ventures with Regional Organizations = 201
    (ⅰ) Somalia = 201
    (ⅱ) Yugoslavia = 203
    (ⅲ) Liberia = 205
  4. Differences in Style and Content = 206
   a. Sources and Limitations of the Secretary-General's Diplomatic and Mediating Authority = 206
   b. The Margin of Discretion = 207
   c. To Delegate or Not to Delagate = 210
  5. Effectiveness = 211
  6. Recent Trends and the Future of the Good Offices Function = 212
  7. Determinants of Success and Failure = 214
  8. How Good the Office? = 215
   a. Institutional Control and Co-ordination = 216
   b. Staff Control and Subordination = 217
 Chapter 7. The Bona Fides of Power : Security Council and Threats to the Peace = 218
  1. A Charter of Limited Powers = 218
  2. Evidence of Principled Standards = 221
  3. Historic Usage : The Easy Cases = 222
  4. The Hard Cases' = 224
  5. Judicial Review? = 242
 Chapter 8. Just and Unjust War = 245
  1. Introduction = 245
  2. Historic Notions of Just and Unjust Wars = 245
  3. The Legal Reformation : the Law in War and the Laws of War(Jus in Bello v. Jus ad Bellum) = 250
  4. The 'Post War' Law Pertaining to War and Warfare = 55
  5. The Charter System : From Collective Self-Defence to Collective Security = 259
   a. Continuity and Innovation : the Move to New Institutions, Processes ; and Sources of Law = 259
   b. The Charter's Law Against War = 266
   c. Norms and Practice Under the Geneva Conventions = 274
  6. Conclusions = 282
 Chapter 9. Collective Security : Sharing Responsibility and Burdens = 284
  1. Introduction = 284
  2. Collective Enforcement Measures Short of Armed Force = 289
  3. The Use of Force in Self-Defense = 292
  4. The Collective Use of Force by the UN = 298
  5. Peacekeeping and Peacemaking = 305
  6. Regional Use of Force = 310
  7. Conclusions = 313
 Chapter 10. Judicial Fairness : The International Court of Justice = 316
  1. Introduction = 316
  2. The Quest for Structural Impartiality = 319
   a. Selection and Tenure of Judges = 319
   b. Disqualification : Countering the Appearance of Bias = 322
   c. Equalization of Influences : The Judges Ad Hoc = 324
   d. Empirical Evidence of Structural Impartiality = 324
   e. Chambers : the Ultimate Recourse = 326
  3. Procedural Fairness = 327
   a. Procedural Aspects of Defining the Court's Jurisdiction = 327
   b Provisional Measures = 332
   c. Rules of Evidence = 335
   d. Complex Facts = 338
   e. Whom the Court Hears = 340
    (ⅰ) Necessary and Indispensable Parties = 341
    (ⅱ) Intervention = 343
  4. Conclusion = 346
PART Ⅳ. THE LAW AND INSTITUTIONS OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE
 Chapter 11. Law, Moral Philosophy, and Economics in Environmental Discourse = 351
  1. Introduction = 351
  2. An Inventory of Environmental Fairness Issues = 351
  3. The Normative and Institutional Evolution of International Environmental Law = 357
  4. Moral Philosophy, Economics, and Environmental Law = 364
  5. The Unique Role of Law and Lawyers = 372
 Chapter 12. Some Instances of Fairness in Establishing Environmental Normative Systems = 380
  1. Introduction = 380
  2. The Case of Ozone Depletion = 380
  3. Climate Change/Global Warming = 387
  4. Law of the Sea and the Common Heritage Principle = 393
  5. Res Communis in Outer Space and the Antarctic = 399
  6. Other Systemic Approaches to Environmental Fairness = 405
  7. Conclusions = 412
 Chapter 13. Economic Fairness : Terms of Development and Trade = 413
  1. Introduction = 413
  2. Aid Programs = 416
   a. Bilateral Aid = 416
   b. Multilateral Lending Institutions = 418
   c. Multilateral Compensatory Financing = 420
    (ⅰ) IMF's Compensatory and Contingency Financing Facility = 420
    (ⅱ) STABEX = 421
  3. Market Stabilization = 422
   a. Common Fund = 422
   b. Individual Commodity Agreements = 424
  4. Tariff Preferences = 426
   a. The GATT Exceptions to MFN for LDCs = 426
   b. The Caribbean Basin Initiative = 427
  5. Resource Entitlements : UNCLOS Ⅱ = 430
   a. Sharing Sea Resources = 430
   b. Creating New Allocable Commodities = 432
  6. Process Legitimacy : the New World Trade Organization = 433
  7. Technology Transfer = 434
   a. UNCLOS Ⅱ = 434
   b. UNCTAD Code of Conduct on the Transfer of Technology = 435
  8. Conclusion = 436
 Chapter 14. Fairness in International Investment Law = 438
  1. Introduction : The International Law of Foreign Investment = 438
  2. Stability and Change in Fairness Disclosure = 438
  3. A Hypothetical Case = 441
  4. The Nature of an Investment Agreement = 443
  5. Bilateral Treaties in the Fairness Disclosure = 447
  6. Multilateral Treaties in the Fairness Discourse = 450
  7. Human Rights Treaties and Investment Fairness = 453
  8. Fair Standards : Duty and Measure of Compensation for Taking = 457
  9. Taking of Aliens' Property That May Be Unlawful Per Se in Customary International Law = 465
   a. Taking for Non-Public Purpose = 466
   b. Taking Without Due Process of Law = 468
   c. Discriminatory Taking = 470
  10. Conclusions = 472
PART Ⅴ. FAIRNESS ABOUT FAIRNESS : SHAPING A GLOBAL DISCOURSE
 Chapter 15. Forums of Fairness = 477
  1. Fairness' Discourse = 477
  2. Two Characteristics of the Discourse = 478
   a. Equal Voice = 479
   b. Single Voice = 480
  3. Rethinking Structure = 481
   a. Ameliorating the Problem of Formal State Equality = 482
   b. Ameliorating the Problem of Single Voice in a State-Centred System = 482
  4. A Modest Proposal = 483
Index = 485


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