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Psychological testing : principles and applications 3rd ed

Psychological testing : principles and applications 3rd ed

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Murphy, Kevin R., 1952- Davidshofer, Charles O., 1944-.
서명 / 저자사항
Psychological testing : principles and applications / Kevin R. Murphy, Charles O. Davidshofer.
판사항
3rd ed.
발행사항
Englewood Cliffs, N.J. :   Prentice Hall,   1994.  
형태사항
xi, 548 p. : ill.
ISBN
0132269945
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
일반주제명
Psychological tests. Psychometrics. Psychological Tests. Educational Measurement.
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008 960715s1994 nju bi 001 0 eng
010 ▼a 92041594
020 ▼a 0132269945
040 ▼a 211009 ▼c 211009
049 ▼l 111065982
082 0 0 ▼a 150/.28/7 ▼2 20
090 ▼a 150.287 ▼b M978p3
100 1 ▼a Murphy, Kevin R., ▼d 1952-
245 1 0 ▼a Psychological testing : ▼b principles and applications / ▼c Kevin R. Murphy, Charles O. Davidshofer.
250 ▼a 3rd ed.
260 ▼a Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : ▼b Prentice Hall, ▼c 1994.
300 ▼a xi, 548 p. : ▼b ill.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
650 0 ▼a Psychological tests.
650 0 ▼a Psychometrics.
650 1 2 ▼a Psychological Tests.
650 2 2 ▼a Educational Measurement.
700 1 0 ▼a Davidshofer, Charles O., ▼d 1944-.

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컨텐츠정보

목차


[Volume. 1]----------
CONTENTS
PREFACE ⅸ
CHAPTER ONE  TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS = 1
 Psychological Tests - A Definition = 3
 Types of Tests = 6
 Tests and Decisions - Uses of Psychological Tests = 8
 Testing Activities of Psychologists = 11
 Information about Tests = 12
 Standards for Testing = 14
 Critical Discussion  Alternatives to Psychological Tests = 15
 Summary = 16
CHAPTER TWO TESTING AND SOCIETY = 18
 Types of Decisions = 19
 Societal Concerns = 21
 Analyzing the Societal Consequences of Tests = 29
 Critical Discussion  Are There Technical Solutions to Societal Problems? = 31
 Summary = 32
PART Ⅰ PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT
 CHAPTER THREE BASIC CONCEPTS IN MEASUREMENT AND STATISTICS = 33
  Psychological Measurement = 33
  Evaluating Psychological Tests = 38
  Statistical Concepts = 40
  Critical Discussion Measurement Scales and Statistics = 48
  Summary = 49
 CHAPTER FOUR SCALES, TRANSFORMATIONS, AND NORMS = 51
  Transformations = 52
  Equating Scale Scores = 56
  Norms = 59
  Expectancy Tables = 67
  Critical discussions  Should Black IQ Scores Be Based on White Norms? = 70
  Summary = 71
 CHAPTER FIVE RELIABILITY THE CONSISTENCY OF TEST SCORES = 73
  Sources of Consistency and Inconsistency in Test Scores = 74
  General Model of Reliability = 76
  Simple Methods of Estimating Reliability = 78
  Reliability Estimates and Error = 84
  The Generalizability of Test Scores = 85
  Critical Discussion Generalizability and Reliability Theory = 87
  Summary = 88
 CHAPTER SIX USING AND INTERPRETING INFORMATION ABOUT TEST RELIABILITY = 90
  Using the Reliability Coefficient = 90
  Factors Affecting Reliability = 95
  Special Issues in Reliability = 99
  How Reliable Should Tests Be? = 103
  Critical Discussion Precise but Narrow - The Bandwidth-Fidelity Dilemma = 104
  Summary = 105
 CHAPTER SEVEN VALIDITY OF MEASUREMENT CONTENT AND CONSTRUCT-ORIENTED VALIDATION STRATEGIES = 106
  Validation Strategies = 106
  Assessing the Validity of Measurement = 108
  Content-Oriented Validation Strategies = 108
  Construct-Oriented Validation Strategies = 114
  Content and Construct Validity = 124
  Critical Discussion Do Intelligence Tests Really Measure Intelligence? = 126
  Summary = 127
 CHAPTER EIGHT VALIDITY FOR DECISIONS CRITERION-RELATED VALIDATION STRATEGIES = 129
  Decisions and Prediction = 130
  Criteria = 131
  Criterion-Related Validation Strategies = 132
  Construct Validity and Criterion-Related Validity = 137
  Interpreting Validity Coefficients = 140
  Critical Discussion Values and Validation = 148
  Summary = 149
 CHAPTER NINE ITEM ANALYSIS = 151
  Purpose of Item Analysis = 152
  Distractor Analysis = 152
  Item Difficulty = 154
  Item Discrimination = 156
  Interactions among Item Characteristics = 160
  The Item Characteristic Curve = 162
  Critical Discussion Using Item Response Theory to Detect Test Bias = 170
  Summary = 171
PART Ⅱ  APPLYING THE PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT
 CHAPTER TEN THE PROCESS OF TEST DEVELOPMENT = 172
  Constructing the Test = 172
  Norming and Standardizing Tests = 181
  Test Publication and Revision = 183
  Critical Discussion Should Tests Be Normed Nationally, Regionally, or Locally? = 185
  Summary = 186
 CHAPTER ELEVEN COMPUTERIZED TEST ADMINISTRATION AND INTERPRETATION = 188
  Use of Computers in Testing A Taxonomy = 189
  Computerized Test Administration = 190
  Computerized Adaptive Testing = 192
  Computer-based Test Interpretation = 195
  Detecting Invalid or Unusual Response Patterns = 199
  Critical Discussion The Barnum Effect and Computerized Test Interpretation = 200
  Summary = 200
 CHAPTER TWELVE MEASURING PSYCHOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES = 202
  Psychological Attributes and Decisions = 202
  Intelligence - General Mental Ability = 203
  Interests = 216
  Personality = 220
  Critical Discussion Do Different Test Formats Give Unique Interpretive Information? = 226
  Summary = 227
 CHAPTER THIRTEEN ABILITY TESTING INDIVIDUAL TESTS = 229
  The Role of the Examiner = 230
  Individual Tests of General Mental Ability = 231
  Individual Tests of Specific Abilities = 248
  Critical Discussion Testing Minorities = 249
  Summary = 250
 CHAPTER FOURTEEN ABILITY TESTING GROUP TESTS = 252
  Advantages and Disadvantages of Group Tests = 253
  Measures of General Intelligence = 254
  Scholastic Tests = 258
  Multiple Aptitude Batteries = 264
  Critical Discussion The case against Large-Scale Testing = 270
  Summary = 271
 CHAPTER FIFTEEN ISSUES IN ABILITY TESTING = 273
  Bias and Fairness in Mental Testing = 274
  Critical Discussion Are Judgements of Item Bias Useful? = 285
  Culture-Reduced Testing = 285
  Critical Discussion Intelligence and Adaptive Behavior = 293
  Heritability, Consistency, and Modifiability of IQ = 293
  Critical Discussion Project Head Start = 300
  Summary = 301
PART Ⅲ APPLICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT
 CHAPTER SIXTEEN TESTS AND EDUCATIONAL DECISIONS = 302
  Applications in Institutional Decision Making = 303
  Critical Discussion The National Assessment of Educational Progress = 308
  Applications in Individual Decision Making = 309
  Critical Discussion What is Criterion-referenced Testing? = 313
  Summary = 314
 CHAPTER SEVENTEEN INTEREST ASSESSMENT = 315
  The Strong Vocational Interest Inventory = 316
  The Kuder Occupational Interest Survey = 329
  Career Assessment Inventory = 337
  Jackson Vocational Interest Survey = 342
  Critical Discussion Should Interest Tests Be Used in Personnel Selection? = 346
  Summary = 348
 CHAPTER EIGHTEEN PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT IN INDUSTRY ISSUES IN PREDICTION = 349
  Extent and Impact of Personnel Testing = 349
  Predicting Performance = 351
  Comparative Assessment of Personnel Tests = 366
  Critical Discussion Can Graphology Predict Occupational Success? = 368
  Assessing Integrity = 369
  The Validity of Personnel Tests = 373
  The Social and Legal Context of Employment Testing = 376
  Critical Discussion Personnel Selection from the Applicant's Point of View = 379
  Summary = 380
 CHAPTER NINETEEN PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT IN INDUSTRY CRITERION MEASUREMENT = 382
  Criterion Measures = 382
  Judgmental Measures = 386
  Can We Measure the Value of Performance? = 399
  Critical Discussion The Ethics of Evaluation-Telling More Than You Know = 402
  Summary = 402
 CHAPTER TWENTY PERSONALITY TESTING IN CLINICAL SETTINGS = 404
  Development of Personality Testing = 405
  Objective Measures of Personality = 406
  Projective Tests of Personality = 417
  Critical Discussion Reliability and Validity of Projective Tests, Personality Inventories, and Intelligence Tests = 420
  Critical Discussion  Are Scales on Personality Tests Interpreted Independently? = 424
  Summary = 425
 CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE DIAGNOSTIC TESTING CLINICAL APPLICATIONS = 426
  The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory = 427
  MMPI-2 = 433
  The Bender-Gestalt = 434
  Scatter Analysis = 438
  Diagnostic Classification System = 441
  Critical Discussion  Politics, Economics, and Diagnosis = 446
  Summary = 446
 CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO CLINICAL ASSESSMENT = 448
  The Nature of Clinical Assessment = 449
  Studying Clinical Judgment = 453
  Structured Assessment Programs = 461
  Critical Discussion Psychological Assessment in the Courtroom = 471
  Summary = 473
APPENDIX A FORTY REPRESENTATIVE TESTS = 474
APPENDIX B ETHICAL PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGISTS AND CODE OF CONDUCT = 476
APPENDIX C CODE OF FAIR TESTING PRACTICES IN EDUCATION = 493
APPENDIX D REVIEW OF BASIC STATISTICS = 498
REFERENCES = 505
AUTHOR INDEX = 539
SUBJECT INDEX = 545


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