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Learning in natural and connectionist systems : experiments and a model

Learning in natural and connectionist systems : experiments and a model (Loan 1 times)

Material type
학위논문
Personal Author
Phaf, R. Hans.
Title Statement
Learning in natural and connectionist systems : experiments and a model / by R. Hans Phaf.
Publication, Distribution, etc
Dordrecht ;   Boston :   Kluwer Academic Publishers,   c1994.  
Physical Medium
xvi, 294 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0792326857 (acid-free paper)
학위논문주기
Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--Leiden University.
Bibliography, Etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 265-280) and index.
Subject Added Entry-Topical Term
Human information processing. Connectionism. Memory. Modularity (Psychology). Learning, Psychology of.
비통제주제어
Learning, Related to, Memory (Mental processes),,
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008 931210s1994 ne a b 001 0 eng
010 ▼a 93047517
015 ▼a GB94-19696
020 ▼a 0792326857 (acid-free paper)
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d UKM
049 ▼a ACCL
050 0 0 ▼a BF444 ▼b .P43 1994
082 ▼a 153.1/5
090 ▼a 153.15 ▼b P532L
100 1 ▼a Phaf, R. Hans.
245 1 0 ▼a Learning in natural and connectionist systems : ▼b experiments and a model / ▼c by R. Hans Phaf.
260 ▼a Dordrecht ; ▼a Boston : ▼b Kluwer Academic Publishers, ▼c c1994.
300 ▼a xvi, 294 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 25 cm.
502 ▼a Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--Leiden University.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 265-280) and index.
650 0 ▼a Human information processing.
650 0 ▼a Connectionism.
650 0 ▼a Memory.
650 0 ▼a Modularity (Psychology).
650 0 ▼a Learning, Psychology of.
653 0 ▼a Learning ▼a Related to ▼a Memory (Mental processes)

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No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Main Library/Western Books/ Call Number 153.15 P532L Accession No. 111059738 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M
No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Science & Engineering Library/Sci-Info(Stacks2)/ Call Number 153.15 P532L Accession No. 121162458 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service B M
No. Location Call Number Accession No. Availability Due Date Make a Reservation Service
No. 1 Location Sejong Academic Information Center/Humanities 1/ Call Number 153.15 P532L Accession No. 151004168 Availability Available Due Date Make a Reservation Service

Contents information

Table of Contents


CONTENTS
Preface = xi
 Acknowledgements = xv
Part 1: Introduction = 1
 1.1. The importance of learning = 1
 1.2. The biological role of learning = 4
 1.3. Connectionist models as learning systems = 9
 1.4. Models and languages = 14
 1.5. Aligning connectionist learning with natural learning = 19
Part 2: A connectionist approach to learning = 21
 2.1. The connectionist language = 21
  2.1.1. Non-learning networks = 21
  2.1.2. Learning networks = 31
 2.2. Problems with connectionist models = 39
  2.2.1. Limitations on connectivity: modularity = 43
  2.2.2. The organization of excitatory and inhibitory connections = 47
  2.2.3. Attention in neural networks = 48
  2.2.4. Implementation of the constraints = 55
 2.3. CALM: Categorizing and Learning Module = 59
  2.3.1. Categorization = 66
  2.3.2. Separation of correlated patterns = 69
 2.4. Single module simulations = 72
  2.4.1. Convergence time and discrimination time = 74
  2.4.2 Discrimination and generalization = 79
 2.5. Multiple module simulations = 83
  2.5.1 Learning the EXOR = 83
  2.5.2 Learning the word superiority effect = 85
 2.6. Discussion = 89
  2.6.1. Unsupervised learning in CALM = 89
  2.6.2. CALM architectures = 91
  2.6.3. Extension and applications = 94
Part 3: Psychological constraints on learning = 96
 3.1. Attention and memory storage = 96
  3.1.1. A dissociation = 98
  3.1.2. Multiple memory systems explanations = 100
  3.1.3. Multi-process explanations = 101
  3.1.4. Study-test compatibility explanations = 102
 3.2. Elaborative shifts during rehearsal = 103
  3.2.1. Experiment 1 = 107
  3.2.2. Experiment 2 = 110
  3.2.3. Experiment 3 = 117
  3.2.4. Experiment 4 = 123
  3.2.5. A continuum of rehearsal operations = 129
 3.3. Attention and study-test compatibility as dissociative factors = 131
  3.3.1. Experiment 5 = 132
  3.3.2. Experiment 6 = 137
  3.3.3. Experiment 7 = 144
  3.3.4. Experiment 8 = 150
  3.3.5. Experiment 9 = 157
  3.3.6. The dissociation in a single, modularly organized, memory system = 162
 3.4. Divided attention and implicit and explicit memory tasks = 167
  3.4.1. Experiment 10 = 169
 3.5. Towards a memory model incorporating attentional effects = 177
Part 4: A connectionist model for implicit and explicit memory = 180
 4.1. ELAN: a family of models = 180
 4.2. Architecture of ELAN-1 = 182
 4.3. Simulations with ELAN-1 = 187
  4.3.1. General procedure = 187
  4.3.2. Simulation of the word frequency effect = 191
   4.3.2.1. Mixed list simulation = 199
   4.3.2.2. Interpretation of the model's behavior = 201
  4.3.3. Simulation of anterograde amnesia = 202
  4.3.4. Interference in explicit and implicit memory = 209
   4.3.4.1 Simulation of retroactive interference = 210
   4.3.4.2. Simulation of proactive interference = 213
  4.3.5. Simulation of divided attention in explicit and implicit tasks = 216
 4.4. Higher ELAN models = 222
  4.4.1. ELAN-2: category learning = 223
  4.4.2. ELAN-10: sequential recurrency in networks = 226
   4.4.2.1. List learning in ELAN-10 = 234
   4.4.2.2. A memory span in ELAN-10 = 239
Part 5. Evaluation = 245
 5.1. Comparison to other models = 246
 5.2. The connectionism vs. symbol-manipulation controversy = 252
 5.3. Conclusion = 258
References = 265
Appendix = 281
Index = 284


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