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Intonation in discourse

Intonation in discourse (16회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Johns-Lewis, Catherine.
단체저자명
British Association for Applied Linguistics.
서명 / 저자사항
Intonation in discourse / edited by Catherine Johns-Lewis.
발행사항
London :   Croom Helm ;   San Diego, Calif. :   College-Hill Press,   c1986.  
형태사항
xxxvi, 302 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0709914237 : 0887441211 (U.S.)
일반주기
Based on papers written for a seminar at the University of Aston in Birmingham, under the auspices of the British Association of Applied Linguistics, Apr. 5-7, 1982.  
서지주기
Includes bibliographies and indexes.
일반주제명
Intonation (Phonetics) Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) Discourse analysis.
비통제주제어
Language, Intonation,,
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008 840827s1986 enka b 001 0 eng
010 ▼a 84019929
015 ▼a GB84-36042
019 ▼a 12452978
020 ▼a 0709914237 :
020 ▼a 0887441211 (U.S.)
035 ▼a ocm11158771
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d m/c ▼d UKM
049 ▼a ACCL ▼l 412624935 ▼l 412624936
050 0 ▼a P222 ▼b .I465 1986
082 0 ▼a 414 ▼2 19
090 ▼a 414 ▼b I612
245 0 0 ▼a Intonation in discourse / ▼c edited by Catherine Johns-Lewis.
260 ▼a London : ▼b Croom Helm ; ▼a San Diego, Calif. : ▼b College-Hill Press, ▼c c1986.
300 ▼a xxxvi, 302 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 25 cm.
500 ▼a Based on papers written for a seminar at the University of Aston in Birmingham, under the auspices of the British Association of Applied Linguistics, Apr. 5-7, 1982.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographies and indexes.
650 0 ▼a Intonation (Phonetics)
650 0 ▼a Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
650 0 ▼a Discourse analysis.
653 ▼a Language ▼a Intonation
700 2 0 ▼a Johns-Lewis, Catherine. ▼w cn
710 2 0 ▼a British Association for Applied Linguistics. ▼w cn

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 414 I612 등록번호 412624935 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M
No. 2 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 414 I612 등록번호 412624936 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

목차


CONTENTS
Preface = xv
Acknowledgements = xvii
Introduction = xix
List of contributors = xxxv
1. Extracting Linguistic Information from Fo Traces / Wiktor Jassem ; Grazyna Demenko = 1
 1. Two Approaches = 1
 2. Experiment, Theory and Practice
 3. Trends and Methods in Experimental Tonology = 2
  3.1 Registration and Interpretation of Instrumentally Obtained Fo Traces
  3.2 Aural Analysis = 2
  3.3 Synthetic Speech = 3
 4. Levels of Intonation Study = 3
 5. Representation of Intonation = 3
 6. Sources of data = 4
 7. From Fo Traces to Functional Units : Sources of Variation = 5
 8. The Present Experiment = 8
 9. Conclusion = 17
2. Phonological and Acoustic Parameters of English Intonation / Daniel Hirst = 19
 1. Introduction : Models and Modules = 19
 2. Phonological Parameters = 20
 3. Phonetic and Acoustic Parameters = 27
 4. Conclusion = 32
3. An Acoustic Study of Some Features of Welsh Prosody / Briony Williams = 35
 1. English Stress = 35
 2. Prepausal Welsh Words = 37
 3. Continuous Welsh Speech = 41
 4. Length of Segments = 42
  4.1 Vowels = 42
  4.2 Consonants = 43
 5. Evidence for Penultimate Stress = 43
 6. Interval Hearing = 44
 7. Foot Measurements = 46
 8. The Old Welsh Accent Shift = 48
 9. Theoretical Considerations = 49
  9.1 'Stress-as-loudness' : Trager and Smith = 49
  9.2 ' Stress- as-accent' : Bolinger = 49
  9.3 'Stress-as-rhythm' : Liberman = 50
4. An Experimental Approach to the Interpretation of Focus in Spoken English / William H G Wells = 53
 1. Information Focus = 53
 2. Experimental Design = 53
 3. The Data = 54
 4. The Experimental Sentences = 54
 5. International Domain Under Investigation = 55
 6. Judgements Regarding Focus = 55
 7. Features of Focus Constituents = 56
 8. Results = 59
  8.1 Features in Focus = 59
  8.2 Feature Groupings = 62
  8.3 Restructuring of Feature Groupings = 62
 9. Analysis of Results = 63
  9.1 Feature Correlations = 63
  9.2 Non-phonetic Features = 65
  9.3 Focus Categories = 65
  9.4 Focus Categories and Phonological Categories = 66
  9.5 Phonetic Features of Constituents = 67
  9.6 Phonological Function of Features = 67
  9.7 Phonological Function and Sentence Final Position = 68
  9.8 Focus in Contrastive Constituents = 69
  9.9 Non-contrastive Medial Constituents = 70
 10. Conclusions = 73
5. The Intonation of George and Mildred : Post-Nuclear Generalisations / Carlos Gussenhoven = 77
 1. Introduction = 77
  1.1 Preliminary Comments = 77
  1.2 Aims of the Investigation = 78
  1.3 The Corpus = 79
  1.4 Motivation = 79
  1.5 Transcription = 80
 2. Some Statistical Data = 82
 3. Classifying Tails = 85
  3.1 Three Categories of Tail = 85
 4. Category Ⅰ : [Focus] Tails = 87
  4.1 Type 1 : Subject + Intransitive Verb / Be Complement = 88
  4 2 Type 2 : Transitive Verb + Object + Verbal Particle = 88
  4.3 Type 3 : WH-Movement in Questions = 89
  4.4 Type 4 : [- Focus] Post-Verbal Argument = 90
  4.5 Type 5 : Subject + Passive Verb = 91
  4.6 Exceptions to SAAR = 91
 5. Category Ⅱ : Typically [- Focus] Expressions = 93
  5.1 Time-Space Markers = 95
  5.2 Cohesion Markers = 96
  5.3 Hearer-Appeal Markers = 97
   5.3.1 Tags = 99
  5.4 Textual Markers = 102
  5.5 Approximatives = 103
 6. Comparison with Other Investigations = 105
 7. Theoretical Implications = 107
  7.1 Status of the Fall-Rise = 108
  7.2 The Question of a Separate Intonational Domain = 111
 8. Category III : Pragmatically [- Focus] Expressions = 116
  8.1 Preliminay Remarks = 116
  8.2 Focus Effects = 118
   8.2.1 Narrative Effects = 118
   8.2.2 Comedy Effects = 118
 9. Summary = 121
6. An Integrated Approach to Studying Intonation and Attitude / D Robert Ladd ; Klaus Scherer ; Kim Silverman = 125
 1. Background : Two Approaches to Intonation and Attitude = 125
 2. Practice and Theory of the Two Approaches = 126
 3. One Issue : Direct vs. Indirect = 127
 4. Results = 129
 5. The Real Issue : Categorical vs. Parametric = 133
 6. Integrating the A and B Approaches = 136
7. On the Analysis of Prosodic Turn-Taking Cues / Anne Cutler ; Mark Pearson = 139
 1. Introduction = 139
 2. Prosodic Structure and Turn-Taking = 140
 3. Methodological Issues in the Study of Turn Signals = 142
 4. Description of the Experiment = 144
  4.1 Materials = 144
  4.2 Production Task = 144
  4.3 Text Perception Task = 145
  4.4 Audio Perception Task 1 : Isolated Presentation = 145
  4.5 Audio Perception Task 2 : Paired Presentation = 146
 5. Results = 146
  5.1 Text Judgements = 146
  5.2 Audio Judgements = 147
 6. Conclusions = 152
8. Prosodic Features and the Management of Interruptions / Peter French ; John Local = 157
 1. Aims = 157
 2. Methodology = 157
 3. Types of Interruption : Turn-Competitive and Non-Competitive = 159
 4. Pitch Height and Loudness in the Management of Interruptions = 164
 5. Further Characteristics of Interruptive Speech FILE 4 = 173
 6. Concluding Remarks : The Independence of Prosodic Features and Illocutions = 177
9. Patterns and Problems in a Study of Tyneside Intonation / John Local = 181
 1. Introduction = 181
 2. Characteristics of Tyneside Intonation : Background = 181
 3. Intonation Exponents of Categories = 184
 4. Prosodic Realisation of Understanding Checks = 188
 5. Concluding Remarks = 196
10. Prosodic Differentiation of Discourse Modes / Catherine Johns-Lewis = 199
 1. Introduction = 199
  1.1 Prosodic Characteristics of Discourse Modes : Background = 199
  1.2 Sociolinguistic Studies of Speech Style = 205
 2. Discourse Modes : the Place of Taxonomy = 207
 3. Pitch in Three Discourse Modes = 209
  3.1 Experimental Design = 209
   3.1.1 Material = 209
   3.1.2 Speakers = 210
   3.1.3 Recording = 210
   3.1.4 Method of Analysis = 210
   3.1.5 Results = 211
   3.1.6 Discussion of Results = 212
 4. Summary and Conclusion = 216
11. Discourse Specific Pitch Behaviour / David Graddol = 221
 1. Introduction = 221
  1.1 Experimental Procedure = 222
  1.2 Analytical Technique = 223
 2. Choice of Pitch Measurements = 223
  2.1 General Considerations = 223
  2.2 Characterising the Histogram = 224
  2.3 Choice of Scale = 228
 3. The Data = 228
 4. Discussion of Results = 232
  4.1 Discourse Variables = 232
  4.2 Sex Variables = 234
 5. Conclusion = 237
12. The Acquisition of Intonation by Infants : Physiology and Neural Control / Philip Lieberman = 239
 1. Introduction = 239
 2. The Breath Group = 240
 3. The Acquisition of Intonation by Infants = 245
 4. Overriding the Vegetative Regularity System = 248
 5. Early Imitation of Intonation = 249
 6. Linguistic "Base-Forms" = 252
 7. Concluding Comments = 257
13. The Role of Temporal Structure and Intonation in Deaf Speech / Ben Maassen = 259
 1. Introduction = 259
 2. Correlation Studies = 261
  2.1 Segmental Errors = 262
   2.1.1 Consonant Errors = 262
   2.1.2 Vowel Errors = 262
  2.2 Suprasegmental Errors = 263
   2.2.1 Judgements on Rhythm and Intonation = 263
   2.2.2 Temporal Structure = 264
   2.2.3 Intonation = 265
 3. Speech Transformation Method = 265
  3.1 Speech Synthesis = 267
  3.2 Temporal Corrections of Deaf Speech = 267
  3.3 Temporal and Intonation Correction = 268
 4. Summary and Conclusion = 270
References = 273
Index = 293