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Public finance : a contemporary application of theory to policy

Public finance : a contemporary application of theory to policy (2회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Hyman, David N.
서명 / 저자사항
Public finance : a contemporary application of theory to policy / David N. Hyman.
발행사항
Chicago :   Dryden Press,   1983.  
형태사항
xix, 700 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0030593492
서지주기
Includes bibliographies and indexes.
일반주제명
Finance, Public. Fiscal policy.
비통제주제어
United States , Public finance ,,
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020 ▼a 0030593492
040 ▼a DLC ▼c DLC ▼d UKM ▼d 244002
050 0 ▼a HJ141 ▼b .H95 1983
082 0 0 ▼a 336.73 ▼2 19
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090 ▼a 336 ▼b H996p
100 1 ▼a Hyman, David N.
245 1 0 ▼a Public finance : ▼b a contemporary application of theory to policy / ▼c David N. Hyman.
260 ▼a Chicago : ▼b Dryden Press, ▼c 1983.
300 ▼a xix, 700 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 25 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographies and indexes.
650 0 ▼a Finance, Public.
650 0 ▼a Fiscal policy.
653 ▼a United States ▼a Public finance

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목차


CONTENTS
Ⅰ The Economic Basis For Governmental Activity
 1 Individuals and Government = 2
  Individuals, Society, and Government = 3
  Scarcity and the Allocation of Resources between Government and Private Use = 4
  The Functions of Government = 5
  Government Finance : The Distribution of the Burden and Effects on Private Incentives = 12
  The Mixed Economy, Markers, and Politics = 13
  Government Expenditures = 16
  The Structure of Government Expenditure in the United States = 20
  Public Finance : The Subject Matter and Its Treatment in This Book = 24
  Summary = 27
  Appendix = 31
   Microeconomics = 31
   Utility Maximization and Consumer Behavior = 32
   Production and Cost = 38
   Profit Maximization, Competition, and Supply = 42
   Putting It Ail Together : Markets, Supply, and Demand = 45
 2 Efficiency, Markets and Governments = 52
  Positive and Normative Economics = 53
  The Normative Approach = 54
  The Positive Approach = 59
  Markets, Prices, and Efficiency Conditions = 62
  The Trade-Off Between Efficiency and Income Distribution = 66
  Political Institutions, the Market Economy, and Efficiency = 69
  Summary = 70
  Appendix = 74
   A Model of Efficient Resource Use = 74
   Productive Efficiency = 75
   Pareto Efficiency = 79
   Efficiency and Economic Institutions = 84
   Market Imperfections = 91
 3 Market Failure, Externalities, and Public Policy = 94
  Market Failure = 95
  Externalities and Efficiency = 96
  Social Costs and Benefits = 98
  Internalization of Externalities = 100
  Corrective Taxes : How They Work and What They Do = 102
  Individual Action and Internalization = 106
  The Coase Theorem = 110
  Government Intervention and Externalities = 114
  Balancing Distortions : A Pragmatic Approach to Policy = 119
  Summary = 120
 4 Public Goods = 126
  Pure Public Goods and Pure Private Goods = 127
  Characteristics of Pure Public Goods = 128
  Efficient Output of Pure Public Goods = 131
  The Demand for Pure Public Goods = 134
  Individual Action, Voluntary Cooperation, and Efficiency = 136
  Cooperative Supply of Public Goods : A Quasi-Markel Solution = 139
  Preference Revelation and the Free-Rider Problem = 144
  Private Goods, Public Goods, and Their Supply : Markets and Government = 146
  Summary = 151
 5 Collective Choice and the Supply of Public Goods by Government = 154
  The Supply of Public Goods Through Political Institutions : The Concept of Political Equilibrium = 155
  A Model of Political Equilibrium Under Majority Rule = 159
  Some Advantages of Majority Rule = 161
  Political Equilibrium Under Majority Rule : Choice of the Output Level of a Single Public Good Under Given Tax Shares = 162
  Political Equilibrium On Redistributional and Multidimensional Issues = 172
  Summary = 177
 6 Alternative Political Institutions, Bureaucracy, and Costs of the Political Process = 182
  Markets versus Political Institutions : Political Externalities and Transactions Costs = 183
  The Political Process = 184
  Alternative Collective Choice Rules = 186
  Unanimous Consent = 191
  Alternative Voting Mechanisms = 193
  Voting, Representative Democracy, and Political Parties = 194
  The Median Position, Voting, and Political Equilibrium = 198
  Bureaucracy and the Supply of Public Output = 200
  Summary = 202
Ⅱ Governmental Activity and Policy in the United Slates : Selected Issues
 7 The Government as a Regulator = 208
  Regulation as a Means of Providing and Financing Services = 209
  The Basis for Government Regulation of Private Action = 210
  The Benefits of Government Regulation = 212
  Government Control and Regulation of Monopoly = 214
  Regulatory Commissions = 217
  The "New Wave" of Social Regulation = 221
  Costs of the "New" Social Regulation = 225
  The Supply of Environmental Quality through Regulation and Standards and Alternative Means = 228
  The Standards Approach and Environmental Quality in the United States = 235
  Summary = 238
 8 Government and the Distribution of Welfare = 242
  Determinants of the Distribution of Welfare in the Mixed Economy = 243
  The Distribution of Money Income in the United States = 246
  Government Policy and Distributive Justice = 247
  Government Provision of Income Redistribution : Collective Benefits and Collective Choice = 249
  Redistribution and Poverty : Government Assistance to Low-Income Groups in the United Stales = 253
  Government Assistance to the Poor and Work Incentive = 257
  Poverty in the United States = 260
  In-Kind Transfers and Subsidies : Their Impact on Incentives = 262
  Proposals for a National Income Distribution Policy : Tile Negative Income Tax = 263
  Wages, Distributive Justice, and Work Incentive = 270
  Summary = 274
 9 Social Security and Social Insurance = 280
  Historical Background = 281
  Social Security in the United States = 282
  The Social Security Retirement System = 285
  The Replacement Kate, Tax Races, and the Return to Workers = 286
  Demographic Change and the Future of Social Security = 291
  Publicly Supplied Retirement Benefits : A Reassessment = 293
  The Impact of Social Security On Saving and Work Incentives = 297
  Other Forms of Social Insurance : Unemployment, Health, and Disability = 302
  Summary = 306
 10 Efficiency in Government = 312
  Controlling Government Expenditures = 313
  The Budget and Control of Government Expenditures = 314
  The Budgetary Process = 316
  Program Budgeting = 318
  Application of Budgeting Techniques and Analysis to Reduce Waste and Mismanagement in Defense Expenditures = 324
  Cost-Benefit Analysis = 329
  Examples of Cost-Benefit Analysis : Cases and Problems Encountered = 337
  Summary = 344
Ⅲ Financing Governmental Activity
 11 Introduction to Government Finance = 348
  The Purposes and Consequences of Government Finance = 349
  Taxation and Direct Appropriation = 350
  Alternative Means of Government Finance = 351
  Principles of Government Finance = 356
  The Impact of Government Finance on Private Choices = 359
  Tax Compliance and Evasion = 361
  Principles of Taxation : Some Definitions = 362
  Criteria for Evaluating Taxes = 370
  Tax Structure = 371
  Summary = 374
 12 Taxation, Private Choices, and Efficiency = 380
  Tax-Induced Distortions = 381
  Lump-Sum Levies and Tax Neutrality : A Standard for Comparison = 382
  Transactions Costs Associated With Collecting Taxes = 385
  Taxes and Economic Efficiency = 387
  Measurement of the Excess Burden of Taxation : A Unit Tax = 389
  Ad Valorem Taxes = 392
  Individual Losses in Welfare Under Conditions of Perfect Competition = 395
  Taxation Under Conditions of Inelasticity = 396
  Efficiency Loss Ratios : Some Recent Estimates = 398
  Elasticity of the Tax Base : The Relationship Between Tax Rates and Tax Revenue = 400
  The "Latter Curve" = 404
  Tax Evasion and the Underground Economy = 406
  Summary = 408
 13 Taxation and the Distribution of Income = 412
  Equity versus Efficiency = 433
  Governmental Activities and the Distribution of Income = 413
  Concepts of Incidence = 415
  The Shifting and Incidence of Taxes : Single Market Analysis = 417
  Multi-Market Analysis of incidence = 427
  Incidence and Income Shares = 430
  Summary = 434
 14 Alternatives to Taxation : Beneficiary Charges and Public Borrowing = 440
  User Charges and Public Pricing = 441
  Mechanisms and Opportunities for the Imposition of Beneficiary Charges = 442
  Marginal Cost Pricing and Public Enterprises = 443
  User Charges and Municipal Finance = 447
  Public Borrowing = 448
  The Magnitude and Structure of Federal Debt in the United States = 449
  Maturity Mix of the Debt and the Problem of Debt Management = 453
  Borrowing by State and Local Governments = 454
  Burden of the Debt = 457
  Summary = 461
Ⅳ Taxation : Theory and Structure
 15 Taxes on Personal Income = 466
  A Brief Background = 467
  Defining the Tax Base = 468
  Comprehensive Income = 470
  A General Tax on Comprehensive Income = 474
  Taxation of Labor Earnings and the Work-Leisure Choice = 475
  Taxation of Labor Income and Its Effect on Work Effort = 479
  Taxation of Capital Income and Its Effect on Saving = 482
  Excess Burden and Incidence of a Proportional Tax on Capital Income = 485
  Summary = 488
  Appendix
   Income and Substitution Effects of a Tax on Labor Earnings = 492
   Separation of the Income and Substitution Effect of Taxes on Wages = 492
   Progressive Taxation : An Application of Income and Substitution Effects to Analysis of Policy Change = 494
 16 Taxation of Personal Income in the United States = 498
  The Structure of Income Taxation in the United States = 499
  The Tax Base = 499
  Tax Preferences = 500
  Exclusions from Adjusted Gross Income = 503
  Exemptions and Deductions from Adjusted Gross Income = 506
  Minimum Tax on Preference Income = 509
  Tax Expenditures, Excess Burden, and Benefits of Tax Preference = 509
  Tax Deductions versus Tax Credits = 512
  The Progressive Rate Schedule = 514
  Inflation and Income Taxation = 517
  The Distribution of Tax Burden = 521
  Tax Reform = 522
  Summary = 524
 17 Taxation of Business Income and Payrolls = 528
  Separate Taxation of Corporation Income = 529
  The Tax Base = 531
  The Tax Rate Structure = 535
  Short-Run Impact of the Corporation Income Tax = 536
  Long-Run Impact of the Tax = 538
  Incidence of the Corporation Income Tax = 543
  The Payroll Tax = 544
  Summary = 550
 18 Taxes on Consumption and on Sales = 554
  Consumption, Income, and Ability-to-pay = 555
  A Comprehensive Consumption Tax Base = 558
  A General Tax on Comprehensive Consumption = 561
  Sales Tax = 565
  Turnover Taxes = 569
  Value-Added Taxes = 570
  Summary = 574
 19 Taxes on Wealth, Property, and Estates = 578
  A Brief Background = 579
  A Comprehensive Wealth Tax Base = 580
  Assesment of Property Value = 581
  A General Wealth Tax = 582
  Specific Property Taxes = 586
  Tax Capitalization = 591
  Property Taxation in the United States = 593
  Land Taxes = 599
  Property Transfer Taxes = 602
  Summary = 604
Ⅴ State and Local Government Finance
 20 Fiscal Federalism = 610
  The Division of Expenditure and Taxing Functions Among Levels of Government = 611
  Centralized vs. Decentralized Government = 613
  The Efficient Jurisdiction = 615
  Citizen Mobility and Decentralized Government = 620
  Interjurisdictional Externalities and Consolidation of Government Services = 624
  The Theory of Taxation Within a Decentralized System = 627
  Summary = 630
 21 Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations = 634
  Types of Grants = 635
  Federal Grants in the 1970s = 637
  The Theory of Grants = 641
  Matching versus General Purpose Grants : An Application of the Theory of Collective Choice Under Majority Rule = 643
  Revenue Sharing = 646
  Block Grants = 653
  Fiscal Equalization = 654
  Summary = 654
 22 State and Local Government Expenditures and Revenues = 658
  Determinants of Per Capita Variation in State and Local Government Expenditures = 659
  The Cost of State and Local Government Services = 665
  Growth of State and Local Government Revenues and Variation in Fiscal Capacity = 668
  The Fiscal Problems of Urban Governments in Declining Regions = 674
  Tax and Expenditure Limitations = 677
  Summary = 680


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