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Thinking and deciding

Thinking and deciding (8회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Baron, Jonathan , 1944-.
서명 / 저자사항
Thinking and deciding / Jonathan Baron.
발행사항
New York :   Cambridge University Press ,   1988.  
형태사항
xi, 516 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0521348005 (pbk.) 0521342538
일반주기
Includes indexes.  
서지주기
Bibliography: p. 485-507.
일반주제명
Decision-making. Thought and thinking.
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001 000000018595
005 19980706134325.0
008 871130s1988 nyua b 00110 eng d
020 ▼a 0521348005 (pbk.)
020 ▼a 0521342538
040 ▼a 211009 ▼c 211009
049 1 ▼l 111020404 ▼l 412663879
082 0 4 ▼a 153.42
090 ▼a 153.42 ▼b B265t
100 1 ▼a Baron, Jonathan , ▼d 1944-.
245 1 0 ▼a Thinking and deciding / ▼c Jonathan Baron.
260 ▼a New York : ▼b Cambridge University Press , ▼c 1988.
300 ▼a xi, 516 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 24 cm.
500 ▼a Includes indexes.
504 ▼a Bibliography: p. 485-507.
650 0 ▼a Decision-making.
650 0 ▼a Thought and thinking.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 153.42 B265t 등록번호 111020404 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

목차


CONTENTS
Preface = ⅸ
Part I Thinking in general = 1
 1 What is thinking? = 3
  Types of thinking = 3
  The search-inference framework = 4
  Thinking about beliefs = 10
  How do search processes work? = 13
  Conclusion = 15
 2 The study of thinking = 16
  Descriptive, normative, and prescriptive = 16
  Development of descriptive models = 18
  Development of normative models = 25
  Development of prescriptive models = 26
  Conclusion = 27
 3 Good thinking: the nature of rationality = 28
  A normative view = 28
  Toward a prescriptive model = 30
  Rationality = 32
  Rationality and belief = 37
  Are people ever really irrational? = 41
  Conclusion = 41
 4 Problem solving = 43
  Trial and error versus insight = 43
  Functional fixedness and mechanization = 47
  Search processes and the structure of problems = 51
  Expert versus novice problem solving = 61
  Heuristics = 63
  Conclusion = 68
 5 Learning; basic processes = 69
  The nature of memory = 70
  Learning to categorize = 75
  Transfer, rules, and analogy = 78
  Skill = 79
  Strategies for learning = 82
  Conclusion = 84
 6 Learning: complex material = 86
  Restructuring = 86
  Understanding = 92
  Rewards and goals = 101
  Conclusion = 103
 7 Intelligence = 105
  The design(s) of IQ tests = 105
  Other uses of the IQ test = 114
  Cross-cultural research = 115
  What is intelligence? = 117
  Conclusion = 122
 8 Creativity = 123
  Personal testimony and the role of the unconscious = 124
  Search, goals, and self-criticism = 127
  The development of creative expertise = 130
  Tests of creativity = 131
  Conclusion = 132
 9 Formal logic = 134
  What is logic? = 134
  Types of logic = 137
  Difficulties in logical reasoning = 139
  Mental models = 141
  Logical errors in hypothesis testing = 144
  Effects of prior belief = 150
  Conclusion = 151
 10 Logic and everyday reasoning = 153
  Logic as a standard of thinking = 153
  Logical fallacies = 154
  Extensions of logic = 161
  Conclusion = 166
Part II Probability and belief = 169
 11 Normative theory of probability = 171
  What is probability? = 174
  Constructing personal probability judgments = 179
  Well-Justified probability judgments = 181
  Evaluating personal probability judgments = 183
  Bayes's theorem = 186
  Conclusion = 197
 12 Descriptive theory of probability judgment = 198
  Accuracy of probability judgments = 198
  Heuristics and biases in probability judgment = 204
  Conclusion: prescriptive theory of probability = 216
 13 Hypothesis testing = 218
  Hypotheses in science = 219
  The psychology of hypothesis testing = 226
  Conclusion = 240
 14 Judgment of correlation and contingency = 242
  Correlation, cause, and contingency = 242
  Accuracy of judgment = 244
  Attenfional bias = 245
  Effects of prior belief = 251
  Conclusion = 255
 15 Biases and beliefs = 256
  Irrational persistence of belief = 257
  Determinants of belief persistence = 265
  Groupthink = 280
  Conclusion = 283
Part III Decisions and plans = 285
 16 Normative theory of utility and choice = 287
  Expected-utility theory = 290
  Why utility theory is normative = 294
  The utility of money = 299
  Decision analysis = 302
  The measurement of utility = 304
  Multiattribute utility theory (MAUT) = 312
  Conclusion = 317
 17 Descriptive theory of utility and choice = 319
  Bias in decisions under certainty = 320
  Bias in decisions under uncertainty = 326
  Prospect theory = 330
  Alternatives to prospect theory = 341
  The ambiguity effect = 346
  Conclusion = 350
 18 Quantitative Judgment = 352
  Multiple linear regression = 353
  The lens model = 355
  The mechanism of judgment = 363
  Impression formation = 365
  Averaging, adding, and the number of cues = 366
  Representativeness in numerical prediction = 368
  Classification = 370
  Conclusion = 372
 19 Moral thinking = 374
  Morality and utility = 375
  The logic and illogic of moral judgments = 376
  Utilitarianism as the normative theory = 379
  The development of moral thinking = 390
  Conclusion = 397
 20 Social dilemmas: cooperation versus defection = 399
  Laboratory versions = 400
  Normative and prescriptive theory of social dilemmas = 403
  Motives in social dilemmas = 408
  The voter's illusion = 419
  Thoughtlessness = 421
  Solutions to social dilemmas = 421
  Conclusion = 427
 21 Decisions about the future = 428 
  The choice of personal goals = 430
  Good reasons for sticking to plans = 432
  Bad reasons for sticking to plans: biases = 433
  Discounting = 438
  Self-control = 443
  Emotions and time = 449
  Plans and identity = 450
  Morality, prudence, and personal plans = 455
  Conclusion = 457
Part IV Teaching = 459
 22 The teaching of thinking and decision making = 461
  What can be taught = 462
  Transfer = 467
  The design of teaching methods = 472
  Teaching decision making = 479
  Teaching moral thinking = 480
  Teaching thinking versus teaching content = 481
  Conclusion = 483
References = 485
Author index = 508
Subject index = 514


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