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Artificial intelligence : a philosophical introduction

Artificial intelligence : a philosophical introduction (4회 대출)

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Copeland, Jack.
서명 / 저자사항
Artificial intelligence : a philosophical introduction / Jack Copeland.
발행사항
Oxford, UK ;   Cambridge, Mass. :   Blackwell ,   1993.  
형태사항
ix, 315 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
063118385X (pbk. : alk. paper) 0631183841 (acid-free paper)
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references (p. [283]-298) and index.
일반주제명
Artificial intelligence --Philosophy.
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245 1 0 ▼a Artificial intelligence : ▼b a philosophical introduction / ▼c Jack Copeland.
260 ▼a Oxford, UK ; ▼a Cambridge, Mass. : ▼b Blackwell , ▼c 1993.
300 ▼a ix, 315 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 24 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. [283]-298) and index.
650 0 ▼a Artificial intelligence ▼x Philosophy.

소장정보

No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 006.3 C782a 등록번호 111014956 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

저자소개

잭 코플랜드(지은이)

뉴질랜드 캔터베리대학교 교수. 철학과 논리학을 가르친다. 마음에 관한 철학, 언어철학, 논리학을 주제로 폭넓게 글을 써왔다. ‘The Turing Archive for the History of Computing’을 설립해 운영하고 있는 튜링 연구 전문가이며, 컴퓨터와 인공지능 개발의 역사에 정통하여 이 분야에 관한 기술적 원리와 가능성, 철학적 핵심과 쟁점에 대해 깊이 있는 해설과 비평이 가능한 학자다. 철학자, 논리학자, 수학자, 컴퓨터과학자가 주요 필진인 [Logic and Reality]의 편집인이기도 하다. 한국에 번역된 저작으로는 [앨런 튜링-컴퓨터와 정보 시대의 개척자]가 있다.

정보제공 : Aladin

목차

List of figures x

Acknowledgements Xl

Introduction 1

In outline 2

1 The beginnings of Artificial Intelligence: a historical sketch 4

1.1 The arrival of the computer 4

1.2 The Logic Theorist 7

1.3 The Dartmouth Conference 8

1.4 Alan Turing and the philosophy of AI 9

2 Some dazzling exhibits 11

2.1 Inside the machine 11

2.2 Parry the paranoid program 12

2.3 Eliza the psychotherapist 13

2.4 Shrdlu the robot 15

2.5 Hacker the program-writing program 18

2.6 Programs that play games 21

2.7 The General Problem Solver 24-

2.8 Sam and the Frump 26

2.9 Expert systems 30

3 Can a machine think? 33

3.1 Is consciousness necessary for thought? 33

3.2 The Turing Test 37

3.3 Has the Test been passed already? 39

3.4 Four objections to the Turing Test 44-

3.5 Assessing the Test 50

3.6 Decision time S2

4 The symbol system hypothesis 58

4.1 Symbol manipulation 59

4.2 Binary symbols 60

4.3 Programs as symbols 66

4.4 A full-scale program 71

4.5 The definition of a computer 78

4.6 The hypothesis 79

4.7 Multiple realizability 81

5 A hard look at the facts 83

5.1 The evidence for the hypothesis 83

5.2 Getting the evidence into perspective 85

5.3 Hype 95

5.4 Programming common sense 98

5.5 Data versus know-how 100

5.6 The project 102

5.7 The complexity barrier 120

6 The curious case of the Chinese room 121

6.1 The Chinese room argument 123

6.2 What's wrong with the argument? 125

6.3 Deciding about understanding 130

6.4 Turing machines and the biological objection to AI 132

7 Freedom 140

7.1 Turbo Sam makes a choice 141

7.2 Is freedom of the will an illusion? 141

7.3 Two kinds of freedom 145

7.4 Kleptomania and other compulsions 149

7.5 Libertarianism 151

7.6 Predictivism and chaos 154

7.7 The inevitable 157

8 Consciousness 163

8.1 Neglect and disa"ay 163

8.2 The fuzzy baseline 164

8.3 Consciousness as a type of internal monitoring 166

8.4 The ineffable 'feel' of it all 170

8.5 Into the heart of the mystery 172

8.6 What is it like to be a bat? 174

8.7 What Mary doesn't know 176

8.8 Drawing the threads together 179

9 Are we computers? 180

9.1 The strong symbol system hypothesis 180

9.2 Hardware versus wetware 182

9.3 Goodbye, von Neumann 192

9.4 Putting meaning into meat 195

9.5 Believing what you don't believe 198

9.6 Productivity and systematicity 199

9.7 Evaluating the arguments 200

9.8 The meaning of 'computer' 204

10 AI's fresh start: parallel distributed processing 207

10.1 The basic ideas 208

10.2 English lessons 214

10.3 Escape from a nightmare? 216

10.4 The contrast with computers 219

10.5 Comparisons with wetware 221

10.6 Searle's Chinese gym 225

10.7 The Church-Turing thesis 230

10.8 Are our cognitive processes algorithmically calculable? 233

10.9 Simulating networks by computer 241

10.10 The battle for the brain 245

10.11 Concluding remarks 247

Epilogue 249

Notes 250

Bibliography 283

Index 299


정보제공 : Aladin

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