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Patterns of language : structure, variation, change

Patterns of language : structure, variation, change

자료유형
단행본
개인저자
Burling, Robbins.
서명 / 저자사항
Patterns of language : structure, variation, change / Robbins Burling.
발행사항
San Diego :   Academic Press ,   c1992.  
형태사항
xiv, 461 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0121449203 (acid-free paper)
서지주기
Includes bibliographical references (p. 425-433) and index.
일반주제명
Language and languages. Linguistics.
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082 0 0 ▼a 410 ▼2 20
090 ▼a 410 ▼b B961p
100 1 0 ▼a Burling, Robbins.
245 1 0 ▼a Patterns of language : ▼b structure, variation, change / ▼c Robbins Burling.
260 ▼a San Diego : ▼b Academic Press , ▼c c1992.
300 ▼a xiv, 461 p. : ▼b ill. ; ▼c 24 cm.
504 ▼a Includes bibliographical references (p. 425-433) and index.
650 0 ▼a Language and languages.
650 0 ▼a Linguistics.

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No. 소장처 청구기호 등록번호 도서상태 반납예정일 예약 서비스
No. 1 소장처 중앙도서관/서고6층/ 청구기호 410 B961p 등록번호 111004982 도서상태 대출가능 반납예정일 예약 서비스 B M

컨텐츠정보

저자소개

Robbins Burling(지은이)

정보제공 : Aladin

목차


CONTENTS
Preface = xi
1. The Uses of Language
  Knowing a Language = 1
  What Is Language for? How Can It Meet our Needs? = 2
  Learning Language and Doing Linguistics = 7
  Richness and Impoverishment = 9
  Variability and Change = 10
PART ONE Words
  2. Meaning and the Lexicon
    Words and Meanings = 15
    Body Part Terms = 17
    Verbs of Perception = 19
    Verbs of Motion = 21
    Componential Analysis = 23
    Color Terms = 26
    Prototypes = 29
    Metaphor = 32
    Ostensive and Verbal Definitions = 33
    Meaning, Culture, and Thought = 35
  3. Morphology
    Morphemes, Free and Bound = 38
    Word Classes: Parts of Speech = 39
    Content Words and Function Words = 41
    Inflection and Derivation = 42
    Productivity = 45
    Morphophonemics = 46
    What Is a Word? = 52
    Compounds = 55
    Words in Other Languages = 57
    The Structure of the Lexicon = 59
    Vocabulary Size = 60
  4. Lexical Variation and Change
    A Variable and Changing Language = 65
    Variation = 67
    Lexical Innovation = 72
    Borrowing = 75
    New Meanings for Old Words = 79
    Etymology = 80
    Reconstruction of Cultural Content = 81
    Related Languages = 84
    Reasons for Lexical Changes = 86
    Appendix: Language Families of the World = 87
PART TWO Sounds
  5. Phonetics
    Introduction = 95
    Airflow = 95
    Consonants = 98
    Vowels = 107
    Suprasegmentals: Pitch, Stress, Length = 111
    Syllables = 114
    Conclusions = 115
  6. Phonology
    Contrast and the Phoneme: Allophones, Complementary Distribution, and Distinctive Features = 116
    Conditioned and Free Variation = 119
    English Consonant Phonemes = 121
    Distinctive Features = 123
    American Vowels = 126
    Contrasts in Other Languages = 129
    The Phonemes as a Code = 132
    Phonotactics and Syllables = 134
    Deaf Signs = 136
    Segmentation and Its Problems: Tone Languages = 140
    English Stress = 142
    Turkish Vowel Harmony = 144
    Alternations Ad Underlying Forms = 147
    Rules and Abstractions = 154
  7. Phonological Variation
    Introduction = 157
    Geographical Dialectology = 158
    Dialect Geography = 163
    English Vowel Systems = 167
    Styles and Fast Speech = 169
    Social Dialects = 171
    Conclusions = 175
  8. Variation through Time: Phonological Change
    The Comparative Method = 177
    Grimm's Law = 179
    Chain Shifts = 182
    Mergers and Splits = 184
    Characteristic Sound Changes = 188
    Phonological Borrowing = 190
    Regular Sound Change and Irregular Grammar = 191
    The Causes of Phonological Change = 195
PART THREE Sentences
  9. Generative Grammar
    Grammatical and Ungrammatical = 203
    Generation, Competence, and Performance = 207
    Phrase Structure Rules = 209
    Movement Rules = 214
    A Structured Language = 216
    Complications and Infinity = 218
    Discovery Procedures and Learnability = 223
    Universal Grammar = 225
    Doubts and Reservations = 228
  10. The Functions of Syntax
    Introduction = 232
    Nouns and Verbs = 234
    Sentence Patterns: The Ground Plan = 236
    Syntactic and Semantic Roles = 241
    Pragmatics: Old and New Information = 245
    Ease of Processing = 252
    Clarity and Economy = 254
  11. Syntactic Typology
    Similarity and Variation: Noun Phrases = 257
    Noun Phrase Accessibility = 261
    Verb Classification = 265
    Nominative-Accusative and Ergative-Absolutive Languages = 268
    Word-Order Typology = 271
    Signing and Syntax = 276
    The Ground Plan Again = 279
  12. Syntactic Variation
    Regional Variation = 282
    Stylistic Variation = 284
    Spoken and Written Styles = 285
    Nonstandard English = 290
    Variation = 299
  13. Syntactic Change
    Introduction = 300
    Grammaticalization = 301
    From Content Words to Affixes = 303
    From Function Words to Affixes = 306
    The Loss of Affixes = 308
    Interrelated Restructuring: From Latin to French = 311
    Causes of Syntactic Change = 316
    The Restless Cycle = 320
PART FOUR Growth
  14. Pidgin and Creole Languages
    Pidgins = 323
    Creoles = 327
    Similarities among Creoles = 329
    Decreolization and the Creole Origin of Black English Vernacular = 333
    Language Mixing and Family Trees = 335
  15. First and Second Language Learning
    Child Language = 340
    Early Words = 342
    Two Words = 344
    Elaboration = 347
    Learning, Teaching, and Knowing = 350
    Second Language Learning = 356
  16. Language and the Human Species
    Animal and Human Communication = 361
    Signing Apes = 366
    Human Nonverbal Communication = 369
    Fossils and Brains = 372
    Language in an Evolving Species = 375
    The Earliest Language and Growing Complexity = 377
    Linguistic Evidence = 379
    Language and Cognition = 382
    The Effects of Language = 385
  17. Language and Civilization
    Writing = 389
    Writing and the Urban Revolution = 396
    The Alphabet = 399
    Hang u ˘ l Writing of Korea = 405
    Printing and the Modern Era = 407
    The Information Age = 410
Bibliographic Notes = 417
Bibliography = 425
Index = 435

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